NOTES FROM THE HISTORY OF SCIENCE. M. Tomak. GEORGE SARTON.
(Zic: Astronomic almanac)
Johannes Kepler (1571-1630)
“You cannot learn physics from the holly books. You have to do experiments for this.
You can only learn how to be a good person.”
1609, 1619 Kepler,
150 years, to abolish 2000 years old Aristoteles-Physics,Ptolemaios-Astronomy,İbn-i Sina – Medicine.
Chips made from tubes.
Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 79 (1999)
Adapted from: Farrow, R.F.C., ed. Molecular Beam Epitaxy: Applications to Key Materials. Noyes Publications, Park Ridge, NJ, 1995.
First: in Buhara 937, Faracek,
1067 Bağdat: Nizamiye medreseleri,
13th century Selçuk: Konya, Sivas, Kayseri,whole anatolia,
Ottoman: 1331 İznik,Bursa, Edirne, İstanbul
Everybody says “Gazali”, including his own teacher (HocazadeEfendi), except Alaaddin from Tus, who favors İbn-iRüşd.
Ottoman Madrasah keeps teaching only Gazali.
But this time it was the inedaquacy of the teaching staff and books that caused the closure in 1872.DARÜLFÜNUN II
The lectures were in Turkish and French.
There is no information about this institution after 1881.DARÜLFÜNUN III
Dünyada herşey için, hayat için başarı için en gerçek yol gösterici bilimdir, fendir. Bilim ve fenin dışında yol gösterici aramak gaflettir,cahilliktir, doğru yoldan sapmaktır.
Bilim ve fen nerede ise oradan alacağız ve her millet ferdinin kafasına koyacağız.
Ben, manevî miras olarak hiçbir ayet, hiçbir dogma, hiçbir donmuş ve kalıplaşmış kural bırakmıyorum. Benim manevî mirasım bilim ve akıldır.
Benden sonra, beni benimsemek isteyenler, bu temel eksen üzerinde akıl ve bilimin rehberliğini kabul ederlerse manevî mirasçılarım olurlar.
Students should know foreign languages,
President of the University should be concerned with scientific matters. An administrator is needed for administrative business.
The weakest point in Darülfünun is the education that is not cultivating research skills in students.,
Library should be improved.1933 University Reform
He was a professor of Roman and Civil Law at the University of Leipzig. He then transferred to the University of Zurich and in 1929 moved to the University of Freiburg from which he was dismissed in 1933. He immigrated to Turkey in 1934 and was appointed as professor in the same field at the Law Faculty of the University of Istanbulwhere he remained until 1950 when he became guest professor at the University of Freiburg.Schwarz died in Freiburg in 1953. By advising parliamentary commissions and submitting several memoranda for the required changes, he played a significant role in modernizing Turkey’s civil laws during the 1930s,which brought a deep-rooted progress. He trained an entire generation of Turkish legal scholars.
was born in 1900 in Hanover, Germany.Among the four émigréshe was perhaps the most important contributor to the modernization of Turkey’s public sector. He was dismissed from the University of Frankfurt on September 1, 1933 and left Frankfurt on September 22 of the same year. He went to Switzerland and in the presence of the Turkish Ambassador CemalHüsnü in Geneva signed a renewable five-year contract (October 15, 1933 to October 15, 1938) to teach social hygiene and statistics.