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Gangs in America. Timeline of Gangs & Political Parties 1787 Federalist Party (1787-1800) 1789 Tammany Hall (Democratic political machine in NYC 1789-1966) 1792 Democratic-Republican Party (1792-1828) 1825 Forty Thieves, Kerryonians 1828 Democratic Pary

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Timeline of Gangs & Political Parties

1787Federalist Party (1787-1800)

1789Tammany Hall(Democratic political machine in NYC 1789-1966)

1792Democratic-Republican Party (1792-1828)

1825Forty Thieves, Kerryonians

1828Democratic Pary

1830Five Points Gangs:Chichesters, Roach Guards, Plug Uglies, Shirt Tails, Dead RabbitsBowery Gangs:Bowery Boys, American Guards, O'Connell Guards, Atlantic Guards, True Blue Americans

1834Whig Party (1834-1855)

1840Water Front Gangs:Daybreak Boys, Buckoos, Hookers, Swamp Angels, Slaughter Housers, Short Tails, Patsy Conroys, Border Gang.

1850Native American Party (Know-Nothing, American Party)

1854Republican Party

1866Whyos

1868Hell's Kitchen GangRag Gang

1870Gas House Gang,Hartley Mob,Molasses Gang,Duch Mob

1895Eastmans(Monk) and Five Pointers Gang WarsGophersHudson Dusters

1899Tong Wars:On Leongs, Hip Sings

192018th AmendmentProhibition created a new era of gangsters and organized crime! (Antecedents of Five Pointers and other gangs)

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Gangs have been in existence for as long as there have been inhabitants of this world.
  • The word thug dates back to India in the year 1200 AD and it refers to a gang of criminals (Thugz) that roamed the country pillaging towns in their course.
  • These Thugz had their own symbols, hand signs, rituals and slang
  • 1800's, Americans were fascinated with gangs and gangsters
  • James Gang and outlaws
  • most notorious gang during this era formed in New York City during the late 1890's and early 1900's. This gang, called the Five Points Gang, because of its home turf being situated in the Five Points (Bowery) Section of Lower Manhattan
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mobsters such as Capone, flourished during the 1920's and 30's gangs became a symbol of lower income neighborhoods and ethnic ghettos
  • During the early 1940's, Mexican gangs formed along the west coast of the United States
  • By the late 1960's and early 1970's, Crips gangs in Los Angeles were so violent and entrenched in ghetto neighborhoods that rival Bloods gangs formed to challenge the strength of the Crips
  • By the late 1980's and early 1990's, drug networks were in full swing
slide5
Most gangs are formed from people with common interests and closed to others
  • Names, rules, emblems, rituals, dress
  • Ages 8 to 50
  • Youth gangs are concerned with turf
  • Others are focused on drugs, firearms, many criminal activities
  • Use graffiti to tag there areas
  • Lives of members are filed with violence, criminal records, drugs and alcohol
  • Gun video – gangs in Mexico
why kids join gangs
WHY KIDS JOIN GANGS
  • Naivety
  • Attention
  • Low self-esteem
  • Desire for friendship and a sense of belonging
  • Love
  • Peer pressure
  • Respect
  • Fear/
  • Need for protection
  • Sense of power
  • Victim of poverty or inequality
  • Family tradition
  • Excitement
  • Access to drugs, guns, sex, and money
  • A belief that gang life will make them superior
  • Family problems/lack of positive communication
  • None or little adult supervision - no role model
  • Glamorization of gangster life by media (movie, TV, music industries)
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Many join who are living in poor conditions, self-esteem issues, little adult participation in life
  • Some join to feel a sense of belonging
  • Majority are male
  • There are a number of female gangs – usually subsets of male dominated gangs
  • Homework: problem 7.6