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Lesson 10. Good Production Practice #10 Provide proper swine care to improve swine well-being. Objectives. This lesson will help you to: Explain the importance of recordkeeping Understand the role that observation and interaction have in providing proper swine care

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lesson 10

Lesson 10

Good Production Practice #10

Provide proper swine care to improve swine well-being.

objectives
Objectives

This lesson will help you to:

  • Explain the importance of recordkeeping
  • Understand the role that observation and interaction have in providing proper swine care
  • Explain the role of proper ventilation, space and facility maintenance
  • Understand why intentional acts of neglect or abuse are unacceptable

Good Production Practice 10

recordkeeping
Recordkeeping
  • Veterinarian/Client/Patient Relationship (VCPR)
  • Medication and treatment records
  • Caretaker training program
    • Euthanasia
    • Swine handling
    • Husbandry

Good Production Practice 10

recordkeeping1
Recordkeeping
  • PQA Plus Certification
  • Daily Observation Record
  • Euthanasia Plan

Good Production Practice 10

emergency backup support
Emergency Backup Support
  • Written emergency action plan
    • Covers various emergencies – fire, weather, power outage, etc.
    • Telephone numbers for owner, veterinarian, fire and police
  • Emergency detection system
    • Used on many commercial operations
    • Alarms for power failure, drastic temperature changes
    • Facility location may allow for visualdetection
  • Emergency backup system
    • Manual or automatic interventions in theevent of a mechanical ventilation failure

Good Production Practice 10

daily observation
Daily Observation
  • Routine observation
    • Helps ensure prompt reaction to any needs
    • Keep records of observations

Good Production Practice 10

animal evaluation
Animal Evaluation

Production Performance

  • Average Daily Gain
    • Amount a pig gains per day
  • Feed Efficiency
    • Pounds of weight gained per pound of feed consumed

Good Production Practice 10

animal evaluation1
Animal Evaluation

Physical Evaluation

  • Lameness
    • Cannot bear full weight on all four legs
  • Skin Lesions, Abscesses and Wounds
    • Signs of injury to an animal
  • Disease
    • Symptoms of disease

Good Production Practice 10

animal evaluation2
Animal Evaluation
  • Body Condition Score (BCS)
    • Useful to assess nutrition program

Good Production Practice 10

animal evaluation3
Animal Evaluation
  • Swine Behavior
    • Pigs that have experienced unpleasant human interaction will show fear in the presence of humans

Good Production Practice 10

body space
Body Space
  • Body Space - A pig must be able to:
    • Easily lie down fully on its side without having to lay on another pig, and be able to easily stand back up
    • Lie down without the head having to rest on a raised feeder
  • Additionally, a sow housed in a stall must be able to:
    • Lie down fully on its side without the head having to rest on a raised feeder and the rear quarters coming in contact with the back of the stall at the same time

Good Production Practice 10

euthanasia
Euthanasia
  • Written euthanasia plan that considers:
    • Human safety
    • Pig well-being
    • Practicality and technical skills
    • Cost
    • Aesthetics
    • Limitations
  • Timely euthanasia
    • Minimizes animal pain or distress
    • Functional equipment available

Good Production Practice 10

facilities
Facilities
  • A well maintained facility will help prevent injury to your animal

Good Production Practice 10

animal movement
Animal Movement
  • Animal movement may be stressful to pigs if not done in a calm quiet manner
    • Eliminate visual distractions from path of movement
    • Move six pigs or less at a time
    • A sorting board is the most effective tool for movement

Good Production Practice 10

transportation
Transportation
  • Transporting pigs can cause stress
    • If transporting when it is hot, provide:
      • Shade
      • Wet straw or shavings
      • Air flow
      • Water
    • If transporting when it is cold, provide:
      • Straw or other bedding
      • Water

Good Production Practice 10

ventilation
Ventilation
  • Temperature
    • Facility temperature should be appropriate for the age of the pigs
    • Pig behavior is a good indicator of the thermal environment
  • Air Quality
    • Air quality can be controlled

through ventilation

Good Production Practice 10

willful acts of abuse
Willful Acts of Abuse
  • Willful acts of abuse are unacceptable on any farm or operation. If you observe willful acts of abuse, you should immediately stop the situation.

STOP

Good Production Practice 10

take home message
Take-Home Message
  • Keep necessary records
  • Evaluate your facilities and animals
  • Identify potential hazards to your animals’ health and well-being

Good Production Practice 10

summary
Summary
  • Keep accurate records
  • Observe your animals daily
  • Evaluate your animals and facilities
  • Avoid willful acts of abuse

Good Production Practice 10

youth pork quality assurance plus
Youth Pork Quality Assurance Plus

Good Production Practice 10