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These documents were found on clay cylinders and date from about 2500 BC. PowerPoint Presentation
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These documents were found on clay cylinders and date from about 2500 BC.

These documents were found on clay cylinders and date from about 2500 BC.

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These documents were found on clay cylinders and date from about 2500 BC.

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  1. These documents were found on clay cylinders and date from about 2500 BC. “By the immutable word of Enlil, king of the lands, father of the gods, Ningirsu and Shara set a boundary to their lands. Mesilim, King of Kish, at the command of his deity Kadi, set up a stele [a boundary marker] in the plantation of that field. Ush, ruler of Umma, formed a plan to seize it. That stele he broke in pieces, into the plain of Lagash he advanced. Ningirsu, the hero of Enlil, by his just command, made war upon Umma. At the command of Enlil, his great net ensnared them. He erected their burial mound on the plain in that place.”

  2. Palette of Narmer (c. 31st cen. B.C.E)

  3. The Mother Sings

  4. Thy two wings are spread out like a falcon with thick plumage, like the hawk seen in the evening traversing the sky He flies who flies; this king Pepi flies away from you, ye mortals. He is not of the earth, he is of the sky. . . . This king Pepi flies as a cloud to the sky, like a masthead bird; this king Pepi kisses the sky like a falcon, this king Pepi reaches the sky like Horizon-god King Unis ascends upon the ladder which his father Re) made for him The king ascends to the sky among the gods dwelling in the sky. He stands on the great [dais], he hears (in judicial session) the (legal) affairs of men. Re finds thee upon the shores of the sky in this lake that is in Nut ‘The arriver comes !’ say the gods. He (Re) gives thee his arm on the stairway to the sky. ‘He who knows his place comes,’ say the gods. 0 Pure One, assume thy throne in the barque of Re and sail thou the sky. . . . Sail thou with the Imperishable Stars, sad thou with the Unwearied Stars. Receive thou the tribute’ of the Evening Barque, become thou a spirit dwelling in Dewat. Live thou this pleasant life which the lord of the horizon lives