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Georgia’s Early People. Prehistoric Cultures of the Southeast. What is Prehistory?. Hunting a mastodon. Archeologists use artifacts to help answer questions about the culture of a particular group of people.

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georgia s early people

Georgia’s Early People

Prehistoric Cultures of the Southeast

what is prehistory
What is Prehistory?

Hunting a mastodon

  • Archeologists use artifacts to help answer questions about the culture of a particular group of people.
  • Prehistory is the period of time before recorded history. Prehistoric time ends at different points depending on the civilization. New researchers disagree with this idea.
prehistoric georgia
Prehistoric Georgia

Mammoth:

Glyptodon:

some perspective cont d
Some Perspective Cont’d…

Human Mammoth African Elephant

an aside
An Aside…
  • Some scientists believe extinct species can be revived. But, is it a good idea?
an aside part ii
An Aside Part II

In Siberia, finding just one mammoth tusk can feed a family of eight for months.

the paleo indians
The Paleo-Indians
  • 11,000-8,000 B.C.
  • Nomadic-lived in groups of 20-50
  • Hunter-gatherers
  • Identified by Clovis Points
  • End of the last Ice Age, but Georgia was ice-free
paleo indians
Paleo-Indians
  • Not much is known about Paleo culture.
  • There are no large Paleo sites in Georgia.
  • The only reason we know they were here is because of the (around 200) Clovis Points found in the state.

Note the crudeness of the

Clovis vs. the Folsom

window notes
Window Notes
  • Today you will synthesize and react to the new information about Paleo-Indians using the Window Notes strategy, the textbook, and an article from the New Georgia Encyclopedia.
  • Step One: Divide a new blank right side into four quadrants. You may use the entire page.
the end of the paleos
The End of the Paleos

When the last global ice age ended, the area now known as Georgia grew very hot and dry. The climate was significantly warmer than it is today.

Changes in environment

lead to changes in…

the archaic indians
The Archaic Indians
  • Smaller game such as deer, bear, and antelope.
  • Evidence of fishing villages along rivers and streams
  • Some evidence of more permanent villages
  • Hunter-gatherers of 20-50 people
  • Some evidence that different clans met for trading.
  • First to develop pottery.
later archaics
Later Archaics…
  • People began to travel and trade more. How would archeologists know this?
  • Weapons and tools were more sophisticated-atlatl (spear thrower), and stone drill. How did environmental changes affect tools and weapons?
later archaics1
Later Archaics
  • As people stayed in one place for longer, dwellings became sturdier
  • First evidence of cremation, burial, and mound construction
  • Significant advances in cooking technology (soapstone slabs and bowls, and pottery)
end of the archaic age
End of the Archaic Age
  • As Georgia filled with people, its inhabitants had to develop social systems to maintain order and manage interaction.
  • Much of the culture of later civilizations can be traced back to the Archaic Age.
  • Were in Georgia 8,000-3,000 years ago.
archaic wrap up
Archaic Wrap-up
  • Highlight/Underline/Star:
    • The Archaics were the first to use pottery
    • Stallings Island is an important Archaic find in Georgia.
    • The Archaics hunted smaller game due to the end of the ice age.
    • Archaics used the atlatl and more precise points for hunting.
culminating project suggestions
Culminating Project Suggestions
  • Flow chart analyzing the advancement of weapons.
  • Image “scrapbook” visually presenting the cultures (images of food, weapons, terrain, etc.)
woodland notes check
Woodland Notes Check
  • Do you have…
    • Circular houses?
    • More permanent settlements?
    • A system for defense (palisades and ditches)?
    • Use of the bow and arrow?
    • Horticulture? (different from agriculture)
    • Mounds (Rock Eagle/Rock Hawk and Kolomoki)?
    • Better tools such as digging sticks?
    • Anything else?
mississippian culture
Mississippian Culture
  • Most advanced and complex
  • Continued to develop horticulture-squash, corn, and beans
  • Men hunted
  • Women still gathered berries, nuts, etc.
  • Villages had centers where people could come together.
  • Rectangular houses mainly used for storage and shelter against bad weather.
mississippian life
Mississippian Life
  • Society had ranks
  • Chiefs, priests were at the top
  • Paramount Chiefdoms-organization of smaller tribes
  • “Temple Mound Builders”-mounds connected to chiefs and religion.
mississippian life cont d
Mississippian Life, cont’d
  • Games were very popular
  • Chunky (or chunkey) was a game played by rolling a stone and the players would throw a spear to the spot where they thought the stone would come to rest.
  • Jewelry, artwork
  • Use of copper
  • Interested in appearance
european arrival
European Arrival
  • The prehistoric Mississippian culture ends with the arrival of the Europeans, particularly that of Hernando deSoto, the first European to trek through what is now Georgia.
  • From this point on, life would never be the same for Georgia’s native people.