State & Local Government. Unit 8 Review. What document explains the laws, government offices, and citizens’ rights, and responsibilities in the state of Georgia?. Georgia State Constitution. How many articles are in the Georgia State Constitution?. 11.
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What document explains the laws, government offices, and citizens’ rights, and responsibilities in the state of Georgia?
Bill of Rights
√ Serve on jury when
√ Serve in the military
√ Obey the laws of the
√Must be a citizen of the United States
√Must be a legal resident of Georgia and the county in which he or she registers
√ Must have registered to vote five Mondays before the Election Day
√ Must not be serving a prison sentence for a felony offense
Who are organized groups of people who share common ideals and seek to elect their members to government offices?
How long is a term of office for state senators and representatives?
What is the limit on the number of terms a state senator or representative can serve?
√ Only the House of Representatives can write appropriations (spending) bills.
√ Only the Senate can confirm appointments the governor makes to executive offices.
√ Either house can propose and pass bills.
√ All bills must be approved by both houses before being sent to the governor.
How many members are in the Georgia House of Representatives?
What must happen to a bill before it can be brought up for a vote in the house and senate?
30 Years Old
If the governor and the lieutenant governor both die or resign in office, who serves as chief executive until another can be elected?
Which state position maintains the state farmers’ markets and directs agribusiness programs?
● Maintain statistical
data on labor
Cases are automatically reviewed by the State Supreme Court when they deal with what?
disputes between two or more person or groups
Criminal Cases –
Cases involving violations of the law
A serious crime such as a murder or burglary punishable by a year or more in prison, a fine of at least $1,000 or both
A less serious crime punishable by less than a year in prison, a fine of less than $1,000 or both
Whether or not a person accused of a crime should be charged and stand trial for that crime.
What is the term used to describe when a person is taken into custody and charged with a crime?
What is the court hearing called in which the judge reads the charges against the defendant and the defendant enters a plea?
What is the decision of a jury or judge about whether a defendant is guilty as charged called?
● discussing the issue with the hope of resolving it
● having a mutual friend talk to both of you together
● listening respectfully to the other person’s point of view
● explaining your point of view in a calm manner
When arrested, you have the right to have a lawyer present during questioning.
Who is the main governing authority in almost all of Georgia’s counties?
The mayor is a strong leader who proposes legislation, prepares the budget, appoints all department heads, and has veto power.
The city council has both legislative and executive powers. The mayor has limited powers, appoints few city officials, and has little veto power. Mayor is primarily a figurehead.
The voters elect a city council that establishes laws and policies. There is a mayor who may be elected or named by the council. Council hires a city manager who is responsible for the day-to-day operation of the city.
◊ Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority (MARTA)
◊ Public Housing Authority
◊ Community Fire Departments
◊ Parks & Recreation Authorities
◊ Airport & Port Authorities
What are some activities or services that counties perform on behalf of the state?
■ Counties provide trial courts for the state judicial system and maintain roads that are part of the state highway system and issue automobile tags and collect licensing fees.
■ Counties provide assistance in statewide emergency situations.
■ Counties maintain records and vital statistics on citizens such as property ownership, marriages, births, and deaths and conduct voter registration and state elections.
What is any act committed by a juvenile that would be considered a crime if it were committed by an adult called?
Describe the process if a juvenile commits a delinquent act or is accused of unruly behavior.
Intake – the juvenile is turned over to a juvenile court intake officer who investigates.
Law which permits youths who are charged with certain violent crimes to be treated as adults.
This case is tried in a superior court not a juvenile court.
There is a mandatory 10 year sentence.