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What is Health ?. S cientists in the past defined HEALTH simply as "an absence of disease or illness”. Today the term “Health” means more than just our physical health. There are 6 areas we need to consider when talking about our health. 6 Components of Health. What is Wellness ?.

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Scientists in the past defined HEALTH simply as "an absence of disease or illness”.

  • Today the term “Health” means more than just our physical health. There are 6 areas we need to consider when talking about our health.

“Wellness” is the quality or state of being healthy in body and mind, especially as the result of deliberate effort.


6 Components

of Health



Being the best we can in every area of our HEALTH makes up our well-being, also known as our WELLNESS.

physical health1

“Physical health” is everything that has to do with our bodies.

  • It includes personal attention to and maintenance of overall health through nutrition, physical activity, sleep, and positive healthy habits.
Physical Health

What effect

does physical

activity have on our

health now…

… and in the future?

emotional health1

Emotionally healthy people feel safe and secure with their own emotions and feelings.

  • They express emotions in positive, nondestructive ways. They are assertive about their needs.
  • They are able to cope with unpleasant emotions in healthy ways.
Emotional Health

If you are emotionally healthy, chances are good that you have a healthy self-esteem.

                • Your emotional health can greatly influence all the other areas of your health.
social health1

“Social health” refers to the relationships you have in your life with family and friends and the kinds of support that you receive from them.

Social Health
  • Socially healthy people respect others and avoid those who don’t treat them with respect and tolerance.

Why do you think we tear

people down

to build ourselves up?

mental health1

A mentally healthy person:

    • realizes his or her own abilities
    • copes with the normal stresses of daily life
    • works productively
    • has fulfilling relationships with others
    • adapts to change and copes with adversity.
Mental Health

Your mental health can be greatly influenced by your emotional health.

It may be difficult to see when a person has a mental health issue. Changes in mental health behavior are sometimes attributed to other causes.

spiritual health1

“Spiritual health” is a personal matter involving values and beliefs that provide a purpose for our lives.

  • The basis of spirituality is discovering a sense of meaning in your life and coming to know that you have a purpose to fulfill.
Spiritual Health

Spiritual Health has a bigger impact on your life than most people realize.

In your opinion, who ultimately

controls your


environmental health1

Environment = your surroundings, the area where you live, and all the things you have contact with (air, water, land).

  • “Environmental health” is the awareness of protecting both the natural and built environments for the benefit of human health.
Environmental Health

Environmental Health includes keeping your…

    • air clean
    • water clean
    • food safe
    • land enjoyable and safe
  • Recycling Programs
  • Reducing Fossil Fuel Emissions
environmental health issues


  • Birth Defects
  • Cancer
  • Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
  • Lead Poisoning
  • Heart Attacks
  • Reproductive and Birth Issues
  • Developmental Disabilities
Environmental Health Issues
overpopulation health

1 Billion people are added to the earth every 12 years . . . 220,000 every day

What types of problems could arise because of overpopulation?

environmental protection programs

EPA- United States Environmental Protection Agency:

    • Reduced harmful levels of lead.
    • Lowered tailpipe emissions from cars.
    • Decreased health hazards like skin cancer through international treaties that protect the atmospheric ozone layer.
    • Cleaned up toxic wastes to protect our water.
    • Improved the quality of our drinking water and our surface waters.
    • Reduced secondhand tobacco smoke and exposure to asbestos.
    • Increased fuel efficiency for our cars and trucks.
Environmental Protection Programs
environmental health agencies

The Nature Conservancy www.nature.org

    • Protect ecologically important lands and waters
  • GreenPeacewww.greenpeace.org
    • Stop global warming, defend oceans and forests, protect the environment from nuclear disasters and toxic pollution
  • The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) www.niehs.gov
    • Discover how the environment affects people in order to promote healthier lives
  • Center for Disease Control (CDC) Environmental Health Services www.cdc.gov
    • Promote environmental health
Environmental Health Agencies

Wellness WHEEL


How would you rate

your physical, emotional,

social, environmental,

mental & spiritual health?

Is your wheel balanced?

How can you improve the balance of your wellness wheel?


How are the 6 components of health influenced by each other?

It is impossible to be perfect in every single area, but we can set personal goals to achieve the best health possible.


Goal Setting

What are GOALS?


A GOAL is something that you

work toward and hope to achieve.

Goals can act as DIRECTIONS

for your life to help you stay focused.

“If you aim at nothing you will hit it every time.”


What are SHORT-TERM goals?

…goals that can be achieved quickly.


What are LONG-TERM goals?

… goals that take months or

even years to achieve.


What are mid-range goals?

… goals that are stepping stones leading from short-term goals to long-term goals

You use mid-range goals like checkpoints to move from where you are now to your ultimate goal.


Suggestions for SMART goal setting:







“The big secret to life is there is no big secret. Whatever your GOAL, you can get there as long as you have a GOAL and are willing to WORK! “

- Oprah Winfrey


What goals can you set to ensure you are the healthiest you can be in all areas of your life?

You don’t have to make major changes. You can make small changes in your daily activities.