Zoonotic Diseases. Zoonosis: An infection or infectious disease transmissible under natural conditions from vertebrate animals to man. e.g., Rabies Anthrax Undulant fever/ brucellosis/ malta fever plague/ black death Tetanus ( locked jaw) Bovine tuberculosis etc. Rabies.
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Zoonosis: An infection or infectious disease transmissible under natural conditions from vertebrate animals to man.
Undulant fever/ brucellosis/ malta fever
plague/ black death
Tetanus ( locked jaw)
Bovine tuberculosis etc.
Dogs, foxes, cats, tigers, jackals, wolves.
From wild life to domestic dogs and maintained by them i.e., from dogs to dogs which leads to 99% of human cases.
P.O.C: In days 3-5 before the onset, rarely communicable from man to man.
un-identified, un-provoked attack, bitten by wild animals – control of infected - person, contract environment.
Population at risk should be vaccinated
3 standard IM doses of cell-cultured vaccine on day 0, 7, 21, 28. Persons who are in close contact or at high risk e.g., rabies research & diagnostic lab-workers, rabies biological product workers, spelunkers, veterinarians, animal control & wild life workers, animal hunters.
Active immunization: Semple type( sheep brain suspension) – 2.5ml SC for cosecutive 14 days on anterior abdominal wall, followed by 2 boosters with 10 days interval & 3rd booster dose on 90th day
On day 0, 3, 7, 14 & 28 or 30 plus RIG (only once as soon as possible)
25-30 days after 5th or last injection
Exposure to hare and rodent seldom, if ever, requires specific anti-rabies treatment.
According to Clinical form
1-Cutaneous anthrax or malignant pustule – contact of spores over skin of population at risk.
Sequence of events:
2- Inhalational anthrax or Wool sorter’s disease (W.S.D) or pulmonary anthrax
Occurs due to inhalation of infected material
3- Intestinal or ingestion material:
Ingestion of infected meat / other material.
Incubation period 1-7 days
1-Animals: Sick must be isolated and treated. Carcases 6feet buried or burnt.
Vaccination with alum precipitated antigen of animals.
4- Material :