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Chapter 1: An Invitation to Healthy Change

Chapter 1: An Invitation to Healthy Change

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Chapter 1: An Invitation to Healthy Change

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  1. Chapter 1: An Invitation to Healthy Change An Invitation to Health Brief, 5th Edition Hales Prepared by: Jeanne Freeman, PhD, CHES

  2. Health and Wellness • Health • Sound in body, mind, and spirit • “Not merely the absence of disease or infirmity, but a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being” (WHO) • Multidimensional • Physical, psychological, spiritual, social, intellectual, and environmental

  3. Health and Wellness • Wellness • Purposeful, enjoyable living • Deliberate lifestyle choice • Characterized by personal responsibility • Overlap of the functions of mind, body, and spirit • Also multidimensional

  4. State of health Lifestyle/behavioral level Cultural/psychological/motivational level Spiritual/being/meaning realm Fig. 1-1, p. 5

  5. The Dimensions of Health Insert Figure 1-2 Here

  6. The Dimensions of Health • Physical health • Psychological health • Spiritual health • Social health • Intellectual health • Environmental health

  7. The Dimensions of Health • Impact your world has on your well-being • Protecting yourself from surrounding dangers • Working to preserve the environment

  8. The State of Our Health • Americans are living longer and healthier lives • Leading causes of preventable death • Healthy People 2010 • Healthy Campus 2010

  9. The State of Our Health Insert Figure 1-3 Here What unhealthy habits and risky behaviors do you have?

  10. Personalizing Health Care • Involves personal responsibility • Sex and gender matters • Race affects health • Poverty, genetics, and the environment

  11. Personalizing Your Health Care

  12. Making Health Changes

  13. Models of Behavior Change

  14. Models of Behavior Change • Health Belief Model (HBM) • People will take health related action if they: • Feel they can avoid a negative consequence; • Expect a positive outcome; and • Believe they can be successful in taking action. • Perception and self-efficacy

  15. How You Change • Awareness of negative behavior • Locus of control (Internal vs. external) • Decisional balance (pros and cons) • Identify support and situational cues • Cultural norms • Self-talk • Reinforcements