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Looking to the East: Challenges in Connecting Asian Libraries in the World of Information Karen T. Wei University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Hong Kong, November 4, 2008 . Contents. Early interest in China Transformation of China studies Renewed interest in China studies

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Looking to the East: Challenges in Connecting Asian Libraries in the World of InformationKaren T. WeiUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignHong Kong, November 4, 2008



Early interest in China

Transformation of China studies

Renewed interest in China studies

Library support of China studies in the U.S.

The role of Chinese studies librarians

Professional support for the Chinese studies librarians in North America

The changing outlook of academic libraries

Looking to the East


early interest in china

Early Interest in China

Western interest in China – began in the 16th


Mateo Ricci (1552-1610)

The rise of Sinology – the study of Chinese language, literature, or civilization

The study of China in the 17th and 18th centuries

19th century – the American Sinology just begun

transformation of china studies

Transformation of China Studies

Acceptance of China studies in the 20th century

The establishment of the Peoples’ Republic of China

Shift of traditional China studies to the study of contemporary Chinese society

Transformation from discipline specific to interdisciplinary in nature

Transformation from Sinology to China studies

Impact of Nixon’s visit to China in 1972

renewed interest in china studies

Renewed Interest in China Studies

China’s exploding economy

The arrival of China as one of the world’s new superpowers

Media attention

Increase in Chinese population in the U.S.

Impact on scholarly communication between China and the U.S.

Growing demand for library materials and information resources

library support of china studies

Library Support of China Studies

Collection building through the 19th century

Library of Congress (1869), Yale (1878), Harvard (1896), Berkeley (1896), Cornell (1918), Columbia (1920), Princeton (1926), Chicago (1930)

1930s and 1940s: UCLA, Hawaii, Michigan, Washington, Stanford

1960s: Arizona, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Minnesota, North Caroline, Ohio State, Pittsburgh, Wisconsin

China’s Open Door Policy

current status

Current Status

Statistics in 2008 Journal of East Asian Libraries

50 reporting libraries as of June 30, 2007

Monographs: Chinese 8,827,233 volumes [Total CJK=16,385,292]

Serials: Chinese 39,200 titles [Total CJK=75,927]

Personnel support: Chinese 222 [Total CJK=538]

the role of chinese studies librarians

The Role of Chinese Studies Librarians

China scholar as librarian

Increased demand for Chinese studies librarians after World War II

Chinese studies librarianship as a specialized field

Required qualifications and responsibilities

Challenges in training Chinese studies librarians

Recent training institutes

professional support in north america

Professional Support in North America

Council on East Asian Libraries

Committee on Chinese Materials [Japanese, Korean]

Committee on Technical Processing

Committee on Public Services

Committee on Library Technology

Journal of East Asian Libraries

OCLC CJK Users Group

changing outlook of academic libraries

Changing Outlook of Academic Libraries

New models of scholarly communication

New mechanisms for licensing and accessing digital content

Introduction of transformative technologies

New methods of teaching and learning

New approaches to interdisciplinary scholarship and scientific inquiry

Arrival of a new generation of faculty and students

Broad changes in the higher education environment

future of academic libraries

Future of Academic Libraries

The 21st century is defined by a need to increase access to information resources and services of global information

Realignment of library services, facilities, and resources with the academic needs of the higher education community

Competition in the library market

Higher education undergoing transformational shifts

Impact on Chinese studies librarianship

looking to the east challenges in connecting asian libraries

Looking to the East:Challenges in Connecting Asian Libraries

Challenges plentiful, opportunities abound

Resource discovery

Balancing Chinese collections in a networked environment

Financial challenges

Continuing education

Bibliographic control and resource sharing

resource discovery

Resource Discovery

China is the origin of the world’s single largest information provider about China

China’s mammoth reservoir of information resources are rich but often difficult to discover

Lack of broad access to these information resources and services

Some resources are complex to navigate and evaluate

Promotion of web-based resources and development of enhanced access tools to aid discovery

balancing chinese collection in a networked environment

Balancing Chinese Collection in a Networked Environment

Escalating number of published books and journals in print

Accelerated pace in electronic resources development and the explosion in Chinese digital content

China studies as a discipline continues to rely on printed sources for teaching and research

New approaches to information use and higher expectations for access to digital services and content

The cost – need to consider different business models

financial challenges

Financial Challenges

Main issue and challenge – balanced budget

Dual print/electronic journals and dual print/E-books

Challenging financial decline at state/federal levels

Reevaluate/realign resources

Strategically invest in teaching and research materials

Collaborate with Chinese libraries

Work closely with book vendors and information providers to contain prices

continuing education

Continuing Education

No library schools offer China related courses

No formal training programs for Chinese studies librarians

Summer Institutes – 1988, 2004, 2008

Exchange of librarians

Experts from China

bibliographic control and resource sharing

Bibliographic Control and Resource Sharing

Resource sharing has broad implications in connecting the world of information in a networked environment

Bibliographic control and record exchange between the East and West

OCLC’s WorldCat as “window to the world’s libraries”

Using WorldCat to connect libraries of the world

Importance of loading Chinese bibliographic records



Develop collaborative approaches to the provision of library services and collections with libraries in Asia

Challenges in the delivery of quality service

Better understanding with better practices

Partnership with libraries in Asia to achieve global collaboration

Realization of interconnected world with links to the world’s information content from anywhere at anytime