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Two Important Dynasties. The Yuan and The Ming. The Yuan Dynasty 1260-1368 AD. How did this dynasty rise to power?. Dynasty founded by Kublai Khan, grandson of Genghis Khan. Kublai Khan fought the Song for 40 years before founding China’s only foreign-ruled dynasty.

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two important dynasties

Two Important Dynasties

The Yuan and The Ming

how did this dynasty rise to power
How did this dynasty rise to power?
  • Dynasty founded by Kublai Khan, grandson of Genghis Khan.
  • Kublai Khan fought the Song for 40 years before founding China’s only foreign-ruled dynasty.
how did this dynasty rule china
How did this dynasty rule China?
  • Civil service system maintained, staffed by Persians and Turks
  • Strict hierarchy of social service classes developed
    • 1st tax-free Mongols
    • 2nd non-Chinese servants
    • 3rd Northern Chinese
    • 4th Southern Chinese
what belief systems did this dynasty encourage discourage
What belief systems did this dynasty encourage? Discourage?
  • Kublai Khan retained shamanism
  • Chinese belief systems largely unaffected by Yuan
  • Under Kublai Khan’s encouragement the number of Buddhist monasteries increased
how did this dynasty effect daily life
How did this dynasty effect daily life?
  • Yuan dynasty’s bloody wars of conquest led to the destruction of farmland
  • Millions of people were killed by war and famine
  • Kublai Khan maintained China’s roads and canals, but later Yuan let them deteriorate.
two ways this dynasty helped unite china
Two ways this dynasty helped unite China.
  • Retained civil service (but staffed it with foreigners)
  • Allowed Chinese belief systems to co-exist with Mongol shamanism
how did this dynasty rise to power1
How did this dynasty rise to power?
  • Chinese took advantage of chaos of late Yuan rule to rebel against Mongols
  • Rebel leader and founder of Ming dynasty, Hong Wu, named his dynasty “brilliant”
how did this dynasty govern china
How did this dynasty govern China?
  • Reintroduced the civil service exam
  • Emperors extremely powerful (dictators w/o cabinets)
  • Brief period of overseas exploration although later Ming emperors prohibited foreign trade
what belief systems did this dynasty encourage discourage1
What belief systems did this dynasty encourage? Discourage?
  • Rebirth of adherence to Confucianism
  • Many Chinese combined belief in Daoism, Confucianism and Buddhism
how did this dynasty effect daily life in china
How did this dynasty effect daily life in China?
  • Rebuilt bridges, canals, roads, temples, shrines and the walls of 500 cities
  • Heavy taxation and wasteful government produced peasant rebellion and civil war
two ways this dynasty helped unite china1
Two ways this dynasty helped unite China
  • Secured borders of China to prevent foreign invasion
  • Rebuilt bridges, canals, roads, temples, and shrines