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Retention. Storing New Information in Memory Highlighted from BrainSMART In The House and BrainSmart : 60 Strategies for Boosting Test Scores by Marcus Conyers & Dr. Donna Wilson. Three Memory Systems.

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Storing New Information in Memory

Highlighted from BrainSMART In The House and BrainSmart: 60 Strategies for Boosting Test Scores by Marcus Conyers & Dr. Donna Wilson

three memory systems
Three Memory Systems
  • Motor Memory – involves the movement of the body, such as riding a bicycle, typing, tying your shoelaces
  • Episodic Memory – also known as location or spatial memory. This memory is tied to location, such as where you were or what you were doing when an event happened. Makes use of the senses.
  • Taxon Memory – is categorical or semantic. Weakest memory system, such as how easily one forgets the name of a person he or she has known for years.
the brain s save key
The Brain’s SAVE Key
  • Since the brain more easily stores information in motor and episodic memory, the “SAVE” key helps students store information.
  • S – See: Visual information is often more easily saved than other information.
  • A – Associate: Link the new information to previously stored information.
  • V – Vividly: Imagine yourself in situations where the information is vital.
  • E – Experience: Combine the previous three elements into a strong experience to remember.
nine tools for retention
Nine Tools for Retention
  • Ten Pegs
  • Eyes Up
  • The Power of the Open House
  • The Power of Index Cards
  • The Power of Color
  • The Power of Rap
  • The Power of Stories
  • The Power of Graphics
  • The Power of Tunes
ten pegs
Ten Pegs
  • Use the body as a memory recall device:
  • The Ten Pegs are: 1. head, 2. shoulders, 3. heart, 4. belly, 5. hips, 6. backside, 7. thighs, 8. knees, 9. shins, and 10. toes.
  • Once you learn the pegs, associate new information with them to aid in memory recall.
  • To add a kinesthetic nature to the memory recall (and involve the motor memory) use your hands to identify each part as you associate and recall the information.
eyes up
Eyes Up
  • The eyes can serve as a memory trigger.
  • This simple method involves looking up when attempting to recall information.
  • For many people, the act of looking up triggers the ability to recall things that they have seen.
the power of open house
The Power of Open House
  • This technique is much like the Ten Pegs.
  • Instead of attaching information to the body, attach new information to objects in various rooms of your house.
  • For instance, an apple on your refrigerator, a cat on the microwave, and a submarine in the sink.
the power of index cards
The Power of Index Cards
  • Put the information you need to remember on one side of an index card.
  • On the opposite side, place a question related to the information.
  • Carry the cards and study them whenever you have the opportunity.
  • Once you learn a piece of information, remove that card from your deck.
the power of color
The Power of Color
  • When taking notes, use color to highlight similarities and differences.
  • Associate different pieces of information with different colors.
  • Use multiple colors to keep the brain from finding things “boring.”
the power of rap
The Power of Rap
  • Use the rhythm and rhyming of rap to store information
  • Involve hand movements and gestures to the rap to introduce a kinesthetic aspect as well as the auditory aspect
the power of stories
The Power of Stories
  • Create stories to go along with information in order to aid in retention
  • Recall that for many early civilizations, stories were the primary mode of storing information.
  • Incorporate color, location, sound, and movement in your story to increase mental associations.
the power of graphics
The Power of Graphics
  • Use drawings and pictures to recall information
  • When taking notes, draw pictures to accompany the information
  • Relate new information to pictures that you can easily remember
the power of tunes
The Power of Tunes
  • Associate new information with songs you know
  • Using familiar tunes, create “songs” of the new information to link the information to the tunes
  • Use songs and tunes that have meaning to you and are easy to recall
  • Conyers, M., & Wilson, D. (2005). Brainsmart: 60 strategies for boosting test scores. Orlando, FL: BrainSMART.
  • Conyers, M. & Wilson, D. (2006). Brainsmart in the house (2nd Ed.). Orlando, FL: BrainSMART.
  • If you are interested in purchasing a copy of the full text, please visit
  • BrainSMART In the House is available for $25.