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Alcohol - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Alcohol. Psychoactive drug that depresses the nervous system. TRUE OR FALSE?. TRUE OR False:. Alcohol is a Drug. True or False. A person who drinks two drinks every day is a moderate drinker. True or False. In the body alcohol is digested just as food is?. True or False.

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Psychoactive drug that depresses the nervous system.





true or false
TRUE OR False:

Alcohol is a Drug

true or false1
True or False

A person who drinks two drinks every day is a moderate drinker

true or false2
True or False

In the body alcohol is digested just as food is?

true or false3
True or False

Alcohol is a depressant drug – it slows people down

true or false4
True or False

Impaired driving performance occurs when the Blood Alcohol level is .08% or higher

true or false5
True or False

A person who has had too much to drink should walk around so the muscles will burn off the alcohol quickly

moderate drinker
Moderate drinker
  • Does not drink excessively
  • Does not behave inappropriately because of alcohol
  • Long term health is not harmed
social drinker
Social drinker
  • Drinks on social occasions
  • Depending on how alcohol affects the person’s life, the person may be a moderate drinker or a problem drinker
problem drinker
Problem drinker
  • Alcohol abuser
  • Suffers socially, emotionally, family, job-related or other problems because of alcohol
  • This person is on the way to alcoholism
alcohol addict alcoholic
Alcohol addict (alcoholic)
  • Has full blown disease of alcoholism
  • This person’s problems are caused by alcohol abuse are out of control

Alcohol is implicated in the three leading causes of Teen death:

car wrecks, unintentional injuries like falls and drowning, and suicides and homicides. It is also a major factor in teen pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases like HIV


Alcohol Pathway

Stomach (20% absorbed)

Small Intestine Absorbed into Bloodstream Cell, Tissues, Brain, Liver


Pathway Facts

  • Liver breaks the alcohol into carbon dioxide and water.
  • Takes the liver 1 hour to break down the alcohol in each bottle of beer.

Alcohol Content

Beer = 2 – 6%

Wine = 7 – 24%

Hard Liquor = 12 – 55%

Proof – old term used for alcohol content….Twice the alcohol %


So I will get drunk faster if I drink hard liquor??

Not TRUE!!

Even though Hard Liquor has a higher alcohol % than beer it’s serving size makes it equal!!

alcohol fermentation
Alcohol Fermentation
  • Alcohol fermentation is done by yeast and some kinds of bacteria. These microorganisms convert sugars in ethyl alcohol and carbon dioxide. Alcoholic fermentation begins after glucose enters the cell. The glucose is broken down into pyruvic acid. This pyruvic acid is then converted to CO2, ethanol, and energy for the cell. Humans have long taken advantage of this process in making bread, beer, and wine. In these three product the same microorganism is used: the common yeast or Saccharomyces Cerevisae.

Blood Alcohol Content (BAC)

% of alcohol in a person’s bloodstream

BAC Influenced by:

  • Gender
  • Body Weight
  • Amount of Food in Stomach
  • Rate of Drinking

Blood Alcohol


Affect On Body


Slight mood changes


Lowered inhibition, impaired judgement, decreased rational decision-making abilities.


Legally drunk, deterioration of reaction time and control.


Impaired balance, movement, and coordination. Difficulty standing, walking, talking.


Decreased pain and sensation. Erratic emotions.


Diminished reflexes. Semi-consciousness.


Loss of consciousness. Very limited reflexes. Anesthetic effects.




140 lb. – Male 200 lb. - Male

  • DrinksBACDrinksBAC
  • .03 1 .02
  • .05 2 .04
  • .08 3 .06
  • .10 4 .08
  • 6 .16 6 .11

140 lb. – Female


1 .03

2 .07

3 .10

4 .13

6 .19


Short Term Effects of Alcohol

  • Loss of Coordination
  • Slurred Speech
  • Dizziness
  • Frequent Urination

Long Term Effects

Hepatitis – inflammation of the liver that can cause fever, weakness, sometimes death.


Long Term Effects

  • Cirrhosis: when liver cells are replaced with useless scar tissue.
  • 7th leading cause of death
  • People with cirrhosis who continue to drink have only about 50% chance of living more than 5 years.

Long Term Effects


(CBS)  At least three million teenagers abuse alcohol in the United States and researchers say young drinkers may actually be hurting their ability to learn and remember because the human brain continues developing up to age 21.


Long Term Effects


Causes fat deposits to develop on heart muscles.

Interferes with the heart’s ability to pump blood.


Teens and Drinking

A big problem among teenagers is the act of “Binge Drinking” – drinking large quantities of alcohol in a brief period of time.

A .4% BAC is enough for a coma. This = 15-20 drinks for a 140lb. person


   Home City: Evergreen, COAge: 18Crash Anniversary: Nov 19, 1998

On a cold night in November 1998, Scott and the driver of the car and another passenger set out for the five hour drive home from college. They were drinking beer the entire way. Four hours into the trip, the driver turned around to "high-five" Scott in the back seat and, distracted, left the roadway at over 80 mph. The car traveled almost 300 feet, skidding, rolling, flipping end-over-end and clearing 18-foot trees before finally coming to a stop. Scott was ejected and died at the scene. He was the only fatality.In May 2000, the driver - who had a previous DUI - was sentenced to four years in prison.



5,000 Infants born each year

50,000 show symptoms of FAE

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome – physical/mental birth defects resulting from a woman’s drinking alcohol during pregnancy.



– state of being psychologically and physically addicted to alcohol.



People who suffer with alcoholism usually go through 3 phases:

  • Abuse
  • Dependence
  • Addiction

What are some signs of Abuse??

Driving Drunk


Odor on Breath


What are some signs of dependence?? (Psychological)

Constant Desire

Need alcohol to function



Step 1: Admit

Person must admit they are powerless over alcohol.



Step 2: Quit



Step 3: Recovery

People may choose hospital inpatient programs or outpatient programs.



Alateen – help teenagers talk about problems of living with an alcoholic.

Must realize they are not the cause of anyone else’s drinking and the decision to stop must come from addict



Alcoholics Anonymous – program for alcoholics to recover from the addiction, most widely used program.

Open Speaker, Discussion

Closed Discussion, Step Meetings


A.A.- 12 Questions?

1 Do you drink because you

have problems? To relax?

2 Do you drink when you get mad

at other people, your friends or parents?

3 Do you prefer to drink alone,

rather than with others?

4 Are your grades starting to slip?

Are you goofing off on your job?

5 Did you ever try to stop drinking

or drink less — and fail?

6 Have you begun to drink in the morning, before school or work?


7 Do you gulp your drinks?

8 Do you ever have loss of memory

due to your drinking?

9 Do you lie about your


10 Do you ever get into trouble

when you're drinking?

12 Do you think it's cool to be

able to hold your liquor?

11 Do you get drunk when you drink,

even when you don't mean to?