Alcohol. Psychoactive drug that depresses the nervous system. TRUE OR FALSE?. TRUE OR False:. Alcohol is a Drug. True or False. A person who drinks two drinks every day is a moderate drinker. True or False. In the body alcohol is digested just as food is?. True or False.
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Psychoactive drug that depresses the nervous system.
Alcohol is a Drug
A person who drinks two drinks every day is a moderate drinker
In the body alcohol is digested just as food is?
Alcohol is a depressant drug – it slows people down
Impaired driving performance occurs when the Blood Alcohol level is .08% or higher
A person who has had too much to drink should walk around so the muscles will burn off the alcohol quickly
Ethyl Alcohol – the type of alcohol that is found in alcoholic beverages.
car wrecks, unintentional injuries like falls and drowning, and suicides and homicides. It is also a major factor in teen pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases like HIV
Stomach (20% absorbed)
Small Intestine Absorbed into Bloodstream Cell, Tissues, Brain, Liver
Beer = 2 – 6%
Wine = 7 – 24%
Hard Liquor = 12 – 55%
Proof – old term used for alcohol content….Twice the alcohol %
Even though Hard Liquor has a higher alcohol % than beer it’s serving size makes it equal!!
% of alcohol in a person’s bloodstream
BAC Influenced by:
Affect On Body
Slight mood changes
Lowered inhibition, impaired judgement, decreased rational decision-making abilities.
Legally drunk, deterioration of reaction time and control.
Impaired balance, movement, and coordination. Difficulty standing, walking, talking.
Decreased pain and sensation. Erratic emotions.
Diminished reflexes. Semi-consciousness.
Loss of consciousness. Very limited reflexes. Anesthetic effects.
Hepatitis – inflammation of the liver that can cause fever, weakness, sometimes death.
(CBS) At least three million teenagers abuse alcohol in the United States and researchers say young drinkers may actually be hurting their ability to learn and remember because the human brain continues developing up to age 21.
Causes fat deposits to develop on heart muscles.
Interferes with the heart’s ability to pump blood.
A big problem among teenagers is the act of “Binge Drinking” – drinking large quantities of alcohol in a brief period of time.
A .4% BAC is enough for a coma. This = 15-20 drinks for a 140lb. person
On a cold night in November 1998, Scott and the driver of the car and another passenger set out for the five hour drive home from college. They were drinking beer the entire way. Four hours into the trip, the driver turned around to "high-five" Scott in the back seat and, distracted, left the roadway at over 80 mph. The car traveled almost 300 feet, skidding, rolling, flipping end-over-end and clearing 18-foot trees before finally coming to a stop. Scott was ejected and died at the scene. He was the only fatality.In May 2000, the driver - who had a previous DUI - was sentenced to four years in prison.
5,000 Infants born each year
50,000 show symptoms of FAE
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome – physical/mental birth defects resulting from a woman’s drinking alcohol during pregnancy.
– state of being psychologically and physically addicted to alcohol.
People who suffer with alcoholism usually go through 3 phases:
Odor on Breath
Need alcohol to function
Alcohol is #1 Priority
Step 1: Admit
Person must admit they are powerless over alcohol.
Step 2: Quit
Step 3: Recovery
People may choose hospital inpatient programs or outpatient programs.
Alateen – help teenagers talk about problems of living with an alcoholic.
Must realize they are not the cause of anyone else’s drinking and the decision to stop must come from addict
Alcoholics Anonymous – program for alcoholics to recover from the addiction, most widely used program.
Open Speaker, Discussion
Closed Discussion, Step Meetings
1 Do you drink because you
have problems? To relax?
2 Do you drink when you get mad
at other people, your friends or parents?
3 Do you prefer to drink alone,
rather than with others?
4 Are your grades starting to slip?
Are you goofing off on your job?
5 Did you ever try to stop drinking
or drink less — and fail?
6 Have you begun to drink in the morning, before school or work?
8 Do you ever have loss of memory
due to your drinking?
9 Do you lie about your
10 Do you ever get into trouble
when you're drinking?
12 Do you think it's cool to be
able to hold your liquor?
11 Do you get drunk when you drink,
even when you don't mean to?