it s time to play name that fallacy n.
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It’s time to play Name That Fallacy! - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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It’s time to play Name That Fallacy!.

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Presentation Transcript
slide2

Bill: "I like classical music and I think it is of higher quality than most modern music." 
Jill: "That stuff is for old people." 
Dave: "Yeah, only real wussies listen to that crap. Besides, Anthrax rules! It Rules!" 
Bill: "Well, I don't really like it that much. Anthrax is much better."

bandwagon aka peer pressure
Bandwagon (aka Peer Pressure!)
  • The Bandwagon is a fallacy in which a threat of rejection by one's peers (or peer pressure) is substituted for evidence in an "argument.”
  • The belief that something should be done because the majority of people do it (or wish to do it)
slippery slope fallacy
Slippery Slope Fallacy
  • Alleging that accepting the conclusion of an opponent's argument will invariably lead to an increasing series of disastrous consequences.
slide6

McDonald’s is the best place to eat because so many people eat there and so many people don’t eat at a restaurant if its not the best place to eat.

circular reasoning fallacy
Circular Reasoning Fallacy
  • Circular Reasoning is an attempt to support a statement by simply repeating the statement in different or stronger terms.
  • In this fallacy, the reason given is nothing more than a restatement of the conclusion that poses as the reason for the conclusion
  • "A is true because B is true, and B is true because A is true".
slide8

Jenna is riding her bike in her home town in Maine, minding her own business. A station wagon comes up behind her and the driver starts beeping his horn and then tries to force her off the road. As he goes by, the driver yells "get on the sidewalk where you belong!" Jenna sees that the car has Ohio plates and concludes that all Ohio drivers are jerks.

hasty generalization
Hasty Generalization
  • This fallacy is committed when a person draws a conclusion about a population based on a small sample. People often commit Hasty Generalizations because of bias or prejudice.
  • AHasty Generalization, like any fallacy, might have a true conclusion. However, as long as the reasoning is fallacious there is no reason to accept the conclusion based on that reasoning.
slide10

Luke didn't want to eat his sheep's brains with chopped liver and brussel sprouts, but his father told him to think about the poor, starving children in a third world country who weren't fortunate enough to have any food at all.

appeal to emotion
Appeal to Emotion
  • Attempt to manipulate an emotional response in place of a valid or compelling argument.
  • This sort of "reasoning" is very common in politics and it serves as the basis for a large portion of modern advertising.
slide12

I know that every action we perform is determined by fate because no one has proved that we have free will.

appeal to ignorance
Appeal to Ignorance
  • Arguer claims something has been proven based on a lack of evidence disproving it.
slide14

"A website I read said milk makes you taller. I know it's true because the website said it was."

bare assertion
Bare Assertion
  • This fallacy assumes that a statement is true because it says it is true
slide16

Only a cold-hearted Scrooge would cut this program!

  • Kerin would be a weak school board member. She’s a ginger and, even worse, she’s a Baptist!
  • Of course you would vote for that bill. You’re just a bleeding heart Liberal!
ad hominem
Ad hominem
  • An ad hominem fallacyis any kind of argument that attacks the person while ignoring the merits of his/her argument.
  • ''Ad hominem'' is Latin for "directed toward the man (as opposed to the issue at hand)"
ad hominem cont
Ad Hominem, cont.
  • The ad hominem fallacy involves irrelevant name calling or personal attacks as well as NOT confronting the argument.
  • Ad hominem attacks divert attention away from the issues.
slide19

"We've got to stop them from banning pornography. Once they start banning one form of literature, they will never stop. Next thing you know, they will be burning all the books!”

the slippery slope
The Slippery Slope
  • Alleging that accepting the conclusion of an opponent's argument will invariably lead to an increasing series of dastardly consequences.
slide21

President Reagan was a great communicator because he had the knack of talking effectively to the people.

circular reasoning fallacy1
Circular Reasoning Fallacy
  • Circular Reasoning is an attempt to support a statement by simply repeating the statement in different or stronger terms.
  • In this fallacy, the reason given is nothing more than a restatement of the conclusion that poses as the reason for the conclusion
  • "A is true because B is true, and B is true because A is true".
slide23

I'm not a doctor, but I play one on the hit series "Bimbos and Studmuffins in the OR." You can take it from me that when you need a fast acting, effective and safe pain killer there is nothing better than MorphiDope 2000. That is my considered medical opinion.

false authority
False Authority
  • Draws attention away from the evidence and leans on the popularity of someone who may have little knowledge of the issue or product
slide25

The new UltraSkinny diet will make you feel great. No longer be troubled by your weight. Enjoy the admiring stares of the opposite sex. Revel in your new freedom from fat. You will know true happiness if you try our diet!

appeal to emotion1
Appeal to Emotion
  • Attempt to manipulate an emotional response in place of a valid or compelling argument.
  • This sort of "reasoning" is very common in politics and it serves as the basis for a large portion of modern advertising.
slide27

Todd: He is mad right now.

Kim: How do you know?

Todd: Well, because he is really angry.

circular reasoning
Circular Reasoning
  • Restating in different words what has already been stated
  • May be restated as “He is mad because he is angry.”
name 2 fallacies
Name 2 fallacies!
  • Parent: It’s time go to bed.
  • Kid: Why?
  • Parent: Because it’s bedtime.
  • Kid: Why?
  • Parent: Because I said so.
slide31

"Just like grandma used to make." –

Country Time Lemonade slogan

appeal to tradition
Appeal to Tradition
  • Argues “this is how it has been done in the past” as a reason for why something should continue to be done
bandwagon appeal
Bandwagon Appeal
  • The Bandwagon is a fallacy in which a threat of rejection by one's peers (or peer pressure) is substituted for evidence in an "argument."
slide35

I don’t care why Conservatives really support President Bush and his policies. They’re just a bunch of reactionary, right-wing nuts.

ad hominem1
Ad hominem
  • An ad hominem fallacy is any kind of argument that attacks the person while ignoring the merits of his/her argument.