Russia Lit. Leo Tolstoy. Wrote “War and Peace” “Anna Karenina” “The Death of Ivan Ilyich ”. Rejects the mainstream self-indulgent values. Believed he had a duty to portray life honestly. Soviet Lit. Alexander Blok (revolutionary poet)
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“socialist realism” idolizes socialism + Marxist-Leninist views; capitalism=evil; praised family ideals, loyalty to the revolution, and importance of hard work
Writers forced to join Union of Soviet writers in order to publish their works
Authors’ works censored, forced to remove parts of stories/poems that criticized the czar in any way, so they hid the criticism in the story plots
“In the struggle against lies, art has always won and always will. Lies can stand up against much in the world, but not against art.”
“The Song of Prince Igor’s Campaign”- written in 1190’s, most famous of early writings
(writer) Alexander Solzhenitsyn: “One day in the Life of Ivan Denisouich” (criticized Stalin’s government)
(poet) YeugenyYeutushenko: “BabiYar” (criticized Russian anti-Semitism under Stalin)
Was forced by soviet government to refuse his reward of the Nobel Prize for lit.