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Prepositional Phrases. Stage 14. Prepositional Phrases. Let’s look at these sentences which we’ve seen in Stage 14: 1. Rufilla ornatrices e cubliculo dimittit. Rufilla sends the hairdressers from the room . 2. ego ad hanc villam venire nolebam. I did not want to come to this house .

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Prepositional Phrases


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    1. Prepositional Phrases Stage 14

    2. Prepositional Phrases • Let’s look at these sentences which we’ve seen in Stage 14: • 1. Rufilla ornatrices e cubliculo dimittit. • Rufilla sends the hairdressers from the room. • 2. ego ad hanc villam venire nolebam. • I did not want to come to this house. • 3. ubi in urbe habitabamus, cotidie ad me veniebas. • When we were living in the city, daily you came to me. • The underlined phrases are called prepositional phrases.

    3. Definition • Prepositional phrases are phrases that express WHERE. • ē cubiculo – from the room • ad hanc villam – to this house • in urbe – in the city • ad me – to me • They are a combination of a preposition and a noun in the accusative or ablative case.

    4. Prepositions That Take the Accusative • Some prepositions use only nouns in the accusative case. • ad – to, towards, at • apud – among, at the house of • per – through or along • prope – near • (circum - around) • The accusative likes motion towards or proximity.

    5. Prepositions That Take the Ablative • Some prepositions only take nouns in the ablative case: • ā/ab – from, by • cum - with • de – from, down from; about • ē/ex – from, out of • pro – in front of • sine - without • sub – under • The ablative likes motion away from or stillness.

    6. Sid Space: The Ablative Astronaut • Here is a mnemonic to help you remember the prepositional that use the ablative: • Sid Space, The Ablative Astronaut: Sub Sine In Pro Dē Ab/Ā Cum Ex/Ē

    7. An Exception: in • The Latin preposition in can use the accusative or the ablative. • in + accusative = into • puer in villam ambulabat. • The boy was walking into the house. • in + ablative = in, on • puer in villa stabat. • The boy was standing in the house.

    8. Practice: What do the following prepositional phrases mean? What is the case (accusative or ablative) of the noun? • ē villā • in tablino • ad villam • prope urbem • ab urbe • per ordines • pro amphoris • sine amicis • in tablinum • dē mercatoribus

    9. Practice Answers What do the following prepositional phrases mean? What is the case (accusative or ablative) of the noun? • ē villā from the house - ablative • in tablino in the study - ablative • ad villam to/towards the house - accusative • prope urbem near the city - accusative • ab urbe from the city - ablative

    10. Practice Answers What do the following prepositional phrase mean? What is the case (accusative or ablative) of the noun? 6. per ordines along the lines - accusative 7. pro amphoris in front of the amphoras - ablative 8. sine amicis without friends - ablative 9. in tablinum into the study - accusative 10. dē mercatoribus about the merchants - ablative