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Introduction to Speech Production. Lecture 1. Phonetics and Phonology. Phonetics: The physical manifestation of language in sound waves. How sounds are articulated How sounds are perceived Phonology: The mental representation of sounds. Example: . Phonetics and Phonology. Human Anatomy.

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phonetics and phonology
Phonetics and Phonology
  • Phonetics: The physical manifestation of language in sound waves.
    • How sounds are articulated
    • How sounds are perceived
  • Phonology: The mental representation of sounds.

Example:

sounds categorization
Sounds Categorization
  • Manner of articulation

closure made by the articulators and the degree of the obstruction of the air stream by those articulators.

  • Place of articulation

Position of the articulators e-g: tongue, lips etc.

  • Status of glottis

Voicing : vocal cords are vibrating

Voiceless: vocal cords do not vibrate

sound categorization
Sound Categorization
  • A good link to understand manner and place of articulation (only sounds in American English).

http://www.uiowa.edu/~acadtech/phonetics/english/frameset.html

phonology
Phonology
  • Language dependent subject
  • Few phonological rules
  • Examples:
  • Other topics might involve
    • Script to phonemic conversion
    • Stress analysis
    • Syllabification
    • Intonation
applications
Applications
  • Formants modeling
  • Consonant identification
  • Vowel identification
  • Klatt Synthesizer
  • Searching in multimedia databases
  • Encoding and Speech transmission
  • Speech recognition
  • Speaker identification
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