Effects of Competence, Exposure, and Linguistic Backgrounds on Accurate Production of English Pure Vowels by Native Japanese and Mandarin Speakers Malcolm A. Finney, James A. Till, and Naoko Tamura Department of Linguistics California State University, Long Beach
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
Malcolm A. Finney, James A. Till, and Naoko Tamura
Department of Linguistics
California State University, Long Beach
Contact: Malcolm Awadajin Finney, Ph.D.Associate Professor, Department of LinguisticsCalifornia State University Long BeachLong Beach, CA 90840Phone: (562) 985-7425 Fax: (562) 985-2593E-Mail: email@example.com
Results are presented for 30 young adults: 5 female and 5 male subjects for each native language group. L2 exposure, tested competence, and use varied.
Five productions of each stimulus words were elicited in randomized order and digitized (16 bit, 22 kHz) using a custom designed computer program operating on a low noise computer in a quiet room. Participants wore a head mounted microphone.
Beet Bit Bait
Bet Bat Bought
Boat Book Boot
Mean F1 & F2 frequencies were extracted from the vowelmidpoint using the Praat program (Boersma, P. & Weenink, 2006)