Effects of Competence, Exposure, and Linguistic Backgrounds on Accurate Production of English Pure Vowels by Native Japanese and Mandarin Speakers Malcolm A. Finney, James A. Till, and Naoko Tamura Department of Linguistics California State University, Long Beach
Malcolm A. Finney, James A. Till, and Naoko Tamura
Department of Linguistics
California State University, Long Beach
Contact: Malcolm Awadajin Finney, Ph.D.Associate Professor, Department of LinguisticsCalifornia State University Long BeachLong Beach, CA 90840Phone: (562) 985-7425 Fax: (562) 985-2593E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Results are presented for 30 young adults: 5 female and 5 male subjects for each native language group. L2 exposure, tested competence, and use varied.
Five productions of each stimulus words were elicited in randomized order and digitized (16 bit, 22 kHz) using a custom designed computer program operating on a low noise computer in a quiet room. Participants wore a head mounted microphone.
Beet Bit Bait
Bet Bat Bought
Boat Book Boot
Mean F1 & F2 frequencies were extracted from the vowelmidpoint using the Praat program (Boersma, P. & Weenink, 2006)