Selenium-Browser-Based-Automated-Testing-for-Grails-Apps - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  1. - Selenium - Browser-Based Automated Testing of Grails Apps • Presented By • Chris Bedford • Founder & Lackey at Large • Build Lackey Labs • Company Overview • Founded 2008 • Services • Release engineering & Build/Test Automation for Java Environments • Spring/Hibernate & Groovy/Grails App Development • Training: Spring/Groovy/Grails & Build/Test Automation Technologies • Employees • Chris Bedford • Mike Jackson

  2. Agenda KEY TAKE-AWAYS Different Ways To Test a Grails App Unit, Integration, Functional Selenium Demo of IDE Architecture Alternatives (Canoo WebTest) Automating Testing Using Selenium Maven Cargo Viewing Test Results Lab 1 – maven project Alternative Automation Strategies grails-selenium-rc plugin Lab 2 – using selenium-rc plugin How to write functional tests with Selenium How to set up Selenium Testing On Grails Apps In Continuous Integration The long way – using Maven The fast way, using the grails- selenium-rc plug-in • Handy to know • if you are working • with non-Grails web apps

  3. Different Ways To Test a Grails App Package or class level scope • Unit • Unit Tests are created and run developer and run using framework like Junit or TestNG • test class or package functionality in isolation • heavy use of mocks and stubs • tests should execute quickly and be run often to catch problems early on • Integration • Application is spun up within Grails running on top of servlet container • Uses actual underlying framework instead of mocks • Slower to run due to overhead of spinning up Grails • Functional Testing • Run application in container • Exercise functionality via a client side agent that executes Javascript. • Agent could be either: • your actual target browser (Firefox, IE, etc.) [Selenium's approach] • a Javascript engine embedded into test framework [CanooWebtest's approach] Mock http requests increasingly coarse grained components under test Mock Hibernate Functionality Client requests from same process Launch Grails container Real Hibernate Real http requests Separate client

  4. Manual Steps Involved In Running Selenium • Before running Selenium Functional Tests we need to • Compile classes • Run unit and integration tests • bail on functional tests if we catch problems with lighter weight tests • Package .war file • Install the container in which we want to run the .war (optional) • Deploy the .war to the container (optional – can just do ‘grails run-app’) • Launch target browser • Launch Selenium on desired test suite

  5. Launching Selenium

  6. Recording New Selenium Tests

  7. Exporting test commands to 3GL (Java, etc.)

  8. Saving New or Modified Selenium Tests Individual tests referenced by the suite are recorded using their paths relative to the suite. For simplicity put your suite and all tests in the same directory (to start)

  9. Selenium Components • Selenium IDE • Selenese Commands • Enable test author to • simulate navigation, clicks • Make assertions about expected responses • Selenium RC • Client side library that enables you to program more sophistication into your tests than the IDE allows (conditions, looping, error handling) • The Selenium Server which launches and kills browsers, interprets and runs the Selenese commands passed from the test program, and acts as an HTTP proxy,

  10. Selenium Client Side Library & Server In Action (javascript) (client side java script / Ajax portion of application under Test – originates from here ) HTTP Application under test (server side) Selenium-server.jar Reports back results of test to client HTTP Source:

  11. Selenium RC Server Acting As Proxy To Avoid Same Origin Policy Restrictions 4) Server interprets the command and then triggers the corresponding javascript execution to execute that command within the browser (say open page in app under test)s What happens when a test suite starts ? Proxy forwards request to app server 6) 5) Request to open the page is routed through proxy server 2) Selenium-RC server launches a browser (or reuses an old one) with URL that injects Selenium-Core’s javascript into browser-loaded web page. 7) App server returns response 1) client/driver establishes connection w.selenium-RC 3) client-driver passes a Selenese command to the server e.g.: open command

  12. Functional Test Alternatives: Canoo vs Selenium • Canoo Web Test • built on HtmlUnit • pros: • excellent test reporting allows you to pin point errors in test very easily. • faster to run (no browser spin up overhead) • better support for non HTML content (like spread sheets) • cons: • Weaker IDE (for test recording and playback) • develop tests in Ant or Gant only • Selenium • pros: • develop tests in HTML markup or 3 GL's like Java, Ruby, etc. • run test in actual browser • vs.embedded Javascript engine used by NO popular browser platform • cons: • slower to start. • see 'pros' listed Canoo

  13. Canoo Web Test Reports Canoo's reports show overall test results and let you drill down into any test

  14. Canoo Web Test Reports (cont.) Click to review a copy of the response HTML page corresponding to the first test step that failed

  15. Gluing together the steps in your build process • Before running Functional Tests need to • Compile • Run unit and integration tests • bail on functional tests if we catch problems with lighter weight tests • Package .war file • Install the container in which we want to run the .war (optional) • Deploy the .war to the container (optional – can just do ‘grails run-app’) • Launch your target browser • Launch Selenium on your desired test suite • To automate this process you can use • ant • maven • Groovy/Gant scripts • Gradle • Our example uses Maven • (demo) • (tour of pom.xml files that wire together our build steps)

  16. Download And Install Tomcat deploy Compile Unit Test Integration Test Package .war file

  17. Maven Basics • Convention over configuration • Standardizes where things live and what they are named • Lets you know where to look for the things you need… • and what to do when you find them • Project Object Model (pom.xml) specifies the complete ‘recipe for your build’ • what artifact type are your producing ? (the name, the version…) • what are the dependencies (things you need) to produce that artifact ? • What plug-ins activate at what phases in the build life cycle ? • Shared Repository for storing artifacts that result from a build • Convention for naming artifacts • Build Life Cycle • each project is typically responsible for producing a distinct artifact (a.k.a. packaging) type • .jar, .war, .ear, etc. • each packaging type has an associated life cycle (ordered set of build phases) • Nested build project (module) structure • overall driver for your build project lives at top level of a directory hierarchy • sub-modules underneath the parent can be either • individual components of your product …or…. • key phases in your build

  18. Maven Nested Module Structure, Dependencies and Shared Repo Maven Repository org.example:demo:1.1 Lives in $HOME/.m2/repostitory or /Docuemts and Settings/<user>/.m2/repository mvn install declares a a dependency on org.example:demo:1.1 declares the artifact it produces to be org.example:demo:1.1

  19. Maven pom.xml – Nested Module Structure

  20. Maven pom.xml – Dependency Relationships Maven Repository org.example:demo:1.1

  21. Hooking Maven Plug-ins Maven Into the Build Life Cycle Build Life Cycle Phases validate generate/process-sources process-sources generate/process-resources compile test prepare-package package pre-integration-test integration-test post-integration-test verify install deploy pom.xml

  22. Cargo • A set of APIs that assists in • installing web containers (such as Tomcat, JBoss) • booting and shutting them down • deploying web applications (.wars and .ears) • Invokable via • ant tasks • maven plugin • Java API <target name="functional-test" > <cargo containerId="tomcat6x" action="start" … > <zipurlinstaller installurl="http://somewhere/"/> <configuration type="standalone" home="${tomcatdir}"> <deployable type="war" file="foo.war"/> </configuration> </cargo> <plugin> ... <artifactId>cargo-maven2-plugin</artifactId> <config> <wait>false</wait> <container> <containerId>tomcat6x</containerId> <zipUrlInstaller> <url>http://somewhere/</url> ... Installer installer = new URL("http://somewhere/")); installer.iZipURLInstaller(new nstall(); LocalConfiguration configuration = new DefaultConfigurationFactory().createConfiguration("tomcat6x")...) container = new DefaultContainerFactory() .createContainer("tomcat6x"....); container.setHome(installer.getHome()); WAR deployable = new WAR("foo.war); deployable.setContext("ROOT"); configuration.addDeployable(deployable);

  23. Grails Selenium-rc Plugin • Advantages: • really easy to install and start using • Disadvantages: • Very new, not extremely well field tested • AFAIK, no way to run HTML-based tests • In other words, tests authored in the Selenium IDE must be converted to Java first

  24. Lab 2: Grails Selenium-rc Plugin You can copy and paste the commands, and the Groovy code for the test class. Please go to this page for the text to copy -> • Create the App • grails create-app books • cd books • grails create-domain-class com.Book • grails generate-all com.Book • Make sure it launches as expected • grails run-app   (see the familiar ‘Welcome to Grails’ message) • Install plugin and Create Test • Type • grails install-plugin selenium-rc • Open up grails-app/conf/Config.groovy and ensure that  the grails.serverURL property is defined for every enviornment (production, development, and test.) If this property is undefined I’ve  seen strange problems occur when test tests are run. • Open an editor on the file test/selenium/HomePageTests.groovy, then type :

  25. Lab 2: Grails Selenium-rc Plugin • Run the Tests to Verify Success, Then Deliberately Introduce a Failure Type • grails test-app • This will run all unit, functional and integration tests. You should see the browser pop up briefly and the tests should pass. • To verify that you are testing what you think you are testing, you will now deliberately introduce  a test failure. • Open the file ./grails-app/views/index.gsp and replace all occurrences of ‘Welcome to Grails’ with ‘Welcome to Jail’. • Run • grails clean • grails test-app • Note that the Tests FAILED message is now visible. In the last page of your output you should also see the message: • testHomePageLoads…FAILED • To see a detailed stack trace at the point of failure, open your folder browser on the folder test/reports/plain. • View the file  TEST-HomePageTests.txt and you should see a stack trace that describes the assertion that failed.

  26. Thank You !

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