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Study Skills

Study Skills. A Presentation by ABBAS HUSAIN. Teachers' Development Centre. The ordinary mind exists well; The organized mind lives well ---Samuel Smith. There’s not an easy way to get an A You need to learn effective study skills and time management skills

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Study Skills

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  1. Study Skills A Presentation by ABBAS HUSAIN Teachers' Development Centre

  2. The ordinary mind exists well;The organized mind lives well ---Samuel Smith

  3. There’s not an easy way to get an A • You need to learn effective study skills and time management skills • The following guidelines will give you suggestions to make you a better student

  4. THE FIVE MAJOR MISCONCEPTIONS • Hard work automatically gets one an A Grade • You need not worry about your health if you want to be a good student • Excessive note-taking guarantees an A grade

  5. THE FIVE MAJOR MISCONCEPTIONS • Just attending classes is enough • Just reading the prescribed textbooks is enough

  6. NOT!!!Study hard and smartAim not for perfection but excellence

  7. Time Management

  8. Examine how you currently spend your time on a given day

  9. CATEGORY MON TUE WED THUR FRI SAT SUN TOTAL Sleeping Eating Relaxing Working Exercising Commuting Studying Family Class Time Self Time TOTAL

  10. Identify blocks of time to study (determine how much of your time is committed to other activities and how much time you need to study)

  11. Mark the areas you spend too little time • Sleeping • Eating • Relaxing • Working • Exercising • Commuting • Studying • Family • Class Time • Self Time Mark the areas you spend too much time • Sleeping • Eating • Relaxing • Working • Exercising • Commuting • Studying • Family • Class Time • Self Time

  12. How do you feel about your overall use of time? • What changes do you want to make in your use of time? • How do you plan to change your use of time? • How many hours of study time do you spend for each hour you are in class? How will you manage your time to bring it up to where it should be?

  13. Most people need an average of 2 hours study time for every hour of class per week (3 credit class=6 hours per week studying)

  14. Make to-do lists • Prioritize tasks

  15. Study Breaks! • Don’t expect to get everything done in one sitting • Take 10 minutes every hour or so-get a cup of coffee, walk around, make a quick phone call, check email • Make sure this doesn’t turn into procrastination!

  16. Switch subjects every few hours • Tackle difficult assignments first • Make mini-deadlines (if something is due in a month, have a draft due 2 weeks before) • Learn to handle procrastination • DON’T WAIT TILL THE LAST MINUTE!!!

  17. CHECKPOINT: • What is the best way to study? A. Work on one assignment until it is done B. Switch subjects and take periodic study breaks • There is not right answer-this depends on the topic and your level of interest, as well as when it needs to be completed. Try to switch subjects as a rule to keep your motivation high!!!

  18. 11 ESCAPE IN CRASH • The following extract is a complete newspaper story. Many of the words have been left out, yet the sense of the original is still retained. Try to answer the comprehension questions that follow the story.

  19. What crashed? • How many passengers were there? • Were they hurt? • Where were they going? • What did the Director of the Civil Aviation Authority say yesterday? • When is the investigator going? • Why

  20. Speed Reading • Prime • Peek • Peruse • Participate • Prudent • Post mortem.

  21. PRIME • Why am I reading this? • What do I want to discover from it? • What do I know about the subject? • What do I know about the author?

  22. PEEK • Our cursory peek might include finding out whether there is: • a table of contents, footnotes, an index, an index of tables • headings and subheadings • introductions and conclusions • As well as: • how the book is arranged • what the blurb on the front and back claims

  23. PERUSE • What is the style of the book like? • Are there key words or concepts which keep coming up? • Are the sections highlighted at the peek stage the right ones? • Is there any technical terminology? Where is it?

  24. PARTICIPATE • Now is the time for real reading, though even at this stage we don't want to waste our time on every word.

  25. Read the first and last sentence of every paragraph and possibly the first and last paragraph of those chapters that are identified as useful

  26. PRUDENT • Having marked those areas which contain the items which are of interest to us, we can now speed read them

  27. POST MORTEM • This final part of the process looks at • how the reading was done, rather than the content of the book. • What worked, what helped and where was time or comprehension lost?

  28. WHAT TO INCLUDE IN NOTES • Main points • Definitions • Theories • Formulas • Lists • Page references • Important Dates • Anything noted as “important to know, keep in mind for exam” • Important people • Anything spelled out • Charts

  29. Reading Assignments • Avoid over-highlighting-while it may look like you read the material, it may be harder to remember the information • Write notes in margin of book • Pre-read: read major headings, first paragraph, and chapter summaries first. Read for understanding.

  30. CHECKPOINT: • What does NOT have to be included in lecture notes? • Important dates • Definitions • Exact sentences • Theories • ANSWER: exact sentences


  32. NOTE-TAKING Golden Rule Don’t expect to write every word of the professor’s lecture down! Need to prepare for notes before class and review notes after class

  33. NOTE TAKING • Use key words and NEVER write sentences as notes • Use Index cards for reviewing • Categorize cards by subject • Carry and use them whenever possible

  34. NOTE TAKING • Use maximum number of senses • Read aloud on your tape-recorder (eyes) • Listen to these tapes (ears) • Review ASAP to see that you understand them!

  35. NOTE TAKING • Two week Attack!!! • Take practice exams (under exam conditions)

  36. Trigger charts

  37. Trigger chart

  38. Trigger charts • Putting information into brain • Makes it easier to recall information • Make use of right side of brain • Uses colours, patterns, shapes, free-flow • Used for preparing notes effectively

  39. Trigger charts • Planning essays and exam answers • Preparing oral work or speeches • Taking notes • Summarizing lots of information • Planning projects, events, etc.

  40. Trigger charting method • Decide what the topic is • Print topic in center of page • Use different colour for each group of ideas (branches/stems)

  41. Trigger charting method • Attach related ideas to main branch with same colour • Uses images, shapes, pictures to make it more creative • Remember no one else need to understand • It only has to make sense to you

  42. Another example of trigger charts

  43. MIND MAPPING • Mind Maps are more compact than conventional notes, often taking up one side of paper. This helps you to make associations easily. www.tonybuzan.com

  44. Mind Maps are also useful for: • Summarizing information • Consolidating information from different research sources • Thinking through complex problems, and • Presenting information that shows the overall structure of your subject

  45. Mind Map

  46. Mind Map

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