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Birth Control in the Developing World

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birth control in the developing world


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    1. Birth Control Issues in the Developing World Lyndi Buckingham FS HN 342 World Food Issues

    2. Women in the Developing World • Birth control important factor in • Population Growth and Size • Health Care System • Environmental Degradation • World Economics • Need for effective birth control prevention and intervention to • Prevent unintended pregnancy • Help women safely through pregnancyand child birth • Prevent and treat sexually transmitted infections

    3. Results from lack of Prevention • Every year • 120 million couples with unmet need for contraception • 80 million women have unintended pregnancies • More than ½ million women die from complications associated with pregnancy and childbirth • 340 million people acquire new STDs/STIs PHOTO: http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.worldpulse.com/files/upload/4618/india_pill50blog.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.worldpulse.com/node/20478&usg=__28fC0njL5BcxpRiALWvvXETuuZs=&h=527&w=400&sz=133&hl=en&start=16&sig2=Rvij2DAYoGIyDVneLBRHCg&zoom=1&tbn

    4. Health Care and Birth Control • HIV/AIDs • 17.5 million women have HIV/AIDs • Large percentage between the ages of 15 and 24 years • More susceptible due to unprotected sex • Male dominate culture largely the cause PHOTO: http://knol.google.com/k/hiv#

    5. Health Care and Birth Control • Unsafe abortions • Higher risk of mortality due to young age or pre-existing health complications • Pregnancy due to lack of birth control causes greater health care risks including… • High risk of malnutrition PHOTO:http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/katineblog/2008/jul/11/isbirthcontroloneofuganda

    6. Population Growth and Birth Control • Population Growth major issue in rural India • Population risen from 27.9 million in 1981 to 42.6 million in 2001 • Dense population can lead to • Environmental degradation • Limited health care • Burden on government to aid in education of family planning and birth control for women PHOTO: http://www.csmonitor.com/Commentary/David-R.-Francis/2010/0422/Nations-export-people.-Here-s-why-they-shouldn-t

    7. Call for Birth Control • Promote the right for women to use birth control • Reduce stigma of use of contraceptives • Encourage gender equality • Use of birth control can help prevent harm (non-maleficence) and improve the future of others (beneficence) • Prevent health issues (STD’s and HIV/AIDs) • Promote healthy environment, healthy economy, and healthier world population PHOTO:http://www.planetwire.org/show.php?mf=3&type=10&beat=1