Abstinence • 100 Percent Effective • Prevention against STD’s and Pregnancy • Wait until your ready for the right partner
Male Condom • Thin latex or plastic sheaths used during intercourse • Sometimes they are called rubbers, safes, or jimmies. They prevent pregnancy and reduce the risk of (STDs).
Condom • Collects pre-cum and semen when a man ejaculates. • Keeps sperm from entering the vagina
Condom Effectiveness • Each year, 2 out of 100 women whose partners use condoms will become pregnant if they always use condoms correctly. • Each year, 15 out of 100 women whose partners use condoms will become pregnant if they don't always use condoms correctly.
Additional Information • Condoms can be more effective if: • Use spermicide • Pull out before ejaculation
Female Condom • A pouch inserted into the vagina to prevent pregnancy • Reduces the risk of STI’s • Vaginal and anal intercourse • Safe, effective, and convenient • Easy to get & cost about $4 each
Implanon • Thin, flexible, plastic, size of a cardboard matchstick. It is inserted under the skin of the upper arm. Protects up to 3 years. • How does it work? • Release progestin which keeps the ovaries from releasing eggs
Birth Control PatchOrtho Evra • Sticks to skin • Releases estrogen and progestin • Keeps ovaries from releasing eggs- ovulation • Less than 1 out of 100 woman get pregnant if it is used correctly
Orthro-Evra • http://www.plannedparenthood.org/health-topics/birth-control/birth-control-patch-ortho-evra-4240.htm
Birth Control Pill • Estrogen and progestin which prevents you from releasing egg cells during ovulation • 1 out of 100 women will get pregnant on the pill if used correctly • Reduces cramps, lighter periods, protection against Pelvic Inflam. Dis., helps acne, and helps PMS
Possible Side Effects • Bleeding between periods • Breast tenderness • Nausea and vomiting • Serious Side Effects include heart attack, stroke, blood clots in the legs, lungs, heart, or brain.
Vaginal Ring NuvaRing • A small ring you put in your vagina once a month for 3 wks to prevent pregnancy • Prevents woman from releasing egg
Birth Control Shot (Depo-Provera) • The birth control shot is an injection of a hormone that prevents pregnancy. Each shot prevents pregnancy for 3 mths. http://www.plannedparenthood.org/health-topics/birth-control/birth-control-shot-depo-provera-4242.htm
Birth Control Sponge • Plastic foam, soft, round, and about 2in in diameter. It has a nylon loop attached to the bottom for removal. It is inserted deep into the vagina before intercourse. • The sponge covers the cervix and blocks sperm from entering the uterus. • The sponge also releases a spermicide that keeps sperm from moving.
Birth Control Sponge • 9 out of 100 times will get pregnant each year if they use the sponge correctly • 16 out of 100 if they have given birth
Inserting the Sponge • Before inserting sponge, wet with at least two tbsp of clean water. • Gently squeeze the sponge. The spermicide will become active when the sponge is completely wet. • Fold the sides of the sponge upward and away from the loop on the bottom to make it look long and narrow. Then slide the sponge as far back into your vagina as your fingers will reach.
Inserting the Sponge • The sponge will unfold and cover the cervix when you let go of it. To make sure the cervix is covered, slide your finger around the edge of the sponge and check its position. You also should be able to feel the nylon loop on the bottom of the sponge.
Cervical Cap (FemCap) • The cervical cap is a silicone cup shaped like a sailor's hat. You insert it into your vagina and over your cervix. • The cervical cap blocks the opening to the uterus. • The spermicide stops sperm from moving.
Cervical Cap Effectiveness • For women who have never been pregnant or given birth vaginally, 14 out of 100 who use the cervical cap will become pregnant each year. • For women who have given birth vaginally, 29 out of 100 who use the cervical cap will become pregnant each year.
Inserting Cervical Cap • Put one-quarter teaspoon of spermicide in the dome of the cervical cap and spread a thin layer on the brim. • Put one-half teaspoon in the folded area between the brim and the dome. • Put your index and middle fingers in your vagina to locate your cervix. That way, you will know where to place the cap.
Inserting Cervical Cap • Separate the labia with one hand and squeeze the rim of the cap together with the other hand. Slide the cervical cap dome-side down into the vagina, with the long brim entering first. • Push down toward the anus and then up and onto the cervix. Make sure the cervix is completely covered. (It is easier to insert before you are sexually aroused.)
Diaphragm • Blocks the opening to the uterus. • Spermicide stops sperm from moving. • If women always use as directed, 6 out of 100 will become pregnant each yr. • If women don't always use as directed, 16 out of 100 will become pregnant each yr.
Emergency Contraception • AKA Morning After Pill • Can be started up to 5 days/ 120 hours after unprotected sexual intercourse • Keeps woman’s ovaries from releasing eggs which prevents pregnancy • Plan B is most common • Can cost anywhere from $10-$70 • Sooner pills started, the better
Intrauterine Device (IUD) • "T-shaped" devices made of flexible plastic. Inserted into a woman's uterus to prevent pregnancy. • Affects the way the sperm move, preventing them from joining with the egg
Two Brands Available in U.S. ParaGard Mirena • Contains Copper • Effective for 12 years • Release a small amount of progestin • Effective for five years
Problems with IUD • Can slip out of uterus • Infection if bacteria gets into the uterus when the IUD is inserted • Can push through the wall of the uterus if inserted incorrectly.
Sterilization (Tubal Ligation) • Surgery that prevents pregnancy • Safe and highly effective • Costs between $1,500 and $6,000 • Meant to be permanent • Closes or blocks a woman's fallopian tubes.
Vasectomy • During vasectomy, a health care provider closes or blocks the tubes that carry sperm. When the tubes are closed, sperm cannot leave a man's body and cause pregnancy.
Vasectomy Incision Method No Incision Method One puncture is made to reach both tubes Tubes are ties up or blocked • Incision on the side of the scrotum to reach the vas deferens (tube that carries the sperm) • Tubes are tied up or blocked with surgical clips