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William Shakespeare and The Globe Theater. Shakespeare’s Early Life. Born on April 23, 1564 in Stratford-on-Avon, northwest of London, England

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shakespeare s early life
Shakespeare’s Early Life
  • Born on April 23, 1564 in Stratford-on-Avon, northwest of London, England
  • He belonged to a well-respected family and probably attended Stratford Grammar School, learning Latin, logic, history, natural history, and some Greek; therefore, his knowledge of classical literature would have come from here.
shakespeare in adulthood
  • In late November or early December 1582, he

married twenty-six year old poet Anne Hathaway

  • Anne gave birth to daughter Susanna in 1583

and twins, Judith and Hamnet, in 1585 (Hamnet

died in 1596)

  • Scholars believe he served as a

country schoolmaster for a

short time after he married Anne

shakespeare s career
Shakespeare's Career
  • It is believed he was acting by age eighteen or nineteen in plays in London
  • By 1594, he was part owner and principal playwright of the most successful theatrical company known as The Lord Chamberlain’s Men, in London
  • In 1599, the company built the famous Globe Theatre, where Shakespeare’s plays would be performed
  • In 1603, King James I took control of and renamed the theatre company The King’s Men, but Shakespeare continued to write for and and act with them
shakespeare s later life
Shakespeare’s Later Life
  • Shakespeare retired to Stratford around 1610 having made a good living from his share in the theatre company
  • He died on April 23 (his birthday), 1616
  • Shakespeare has no living descendants since none of his daughters Susanna’s and Judith’s children had any of their own
elements of shakespeare s plays
Elements of Shakespeare’s Plays
  • Iambic Pentameter: Shakespeare’s style of writing features stressed/unstressed repeated five times which equals 10 syllables per line
  • Main characters spoke in iambic pentameter, so the groundlings knew who the main characters were
  • Blank Verse: unrhymed iambic pentameter
  • Soliloquy: long speech to audience to reveal thoughts of a character
  • Monologue: long speech to another character
  • Aside: brief statement to either another character or the audience
the globe theatre
The Globe Theatre
  • Octagonal shape made of wood and thatch
  • 3 levels to represent the 3 classes of society
  • Has a roofless courtyard for natural light
  • The poor spectators, called groundlings, stood on the dirt to watch the plays from in front of the stage
the globe theatre1
The Globe Theatre
  • During the time of the plague, the “pit” was feared as a breeding ground for the disease; therefore, the Master of Revels would continually close the theatre to “control” the disease
  • It held between 2,500 and 3,000 people
  • The theatre raised a white flag to indicate a play was being performed
  • Original foundation was discovered in 1990s and excavation gave clues to it’s history
theatrical productions
Theatrical Productions
  • The stage extended into the “pit” and the actors were essentially standing in the crowd
  • All actors entered the stage from the doors at the back of the stage
  • The small rooms above and behind the stage were used as dressing and storage rooms
  • The second level gallery was used as a second stage when needed
  • The theatre burned down three times
theatrical productions1
Theatrical Productions
  • The plays had no scenery and limited props
  • The setting and acts were referenced in the

dialogue between the actors or narration

  • There were no scene breaks
  • They lasted about two hours
  • There were five acts
  • No women were allowed on stage
  • Although there was no scenery,

the actors wore elaborate costumes

shakespeare s plays
Shakespeare’s Plays
  • Not including poetry and sonnets, Shakespeare wrote thirty-seven different plays divided into four categories:
          • 12 Comedies
          • 11 Tragedies
          • 10 Histories
          • 4 Romances
  • His 150 sonnets are titled numerically
  • Shakespearean sonnets have a specific rhyme/meter