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Unit 4 Pygmalion. Grammar. The revision of the -ed form. Objectives. At the end of the lesson, you will be able to ● clearly understand the function of the -ed form ● use the -ed form ● rewrite the story of Eliza, using the -ed form and the -ing form. Observation.

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Unit 4 Pygmalion


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    1. Unit 4 Pygmalion Grammar The revision of the -ed form

    2. Objectives At the end of the lesson, you will be able to ●clearly understand the function of the -ed form ●use the -ed form ●rewrite the story of Eliza, using the -ed form and the -ing form

    3. Observation Example A: The play was also made into a film called My Fair Lady. Example B: Once taught by Professor Higgins, Eliza could become an upper class lady. Example C: We saw the play performed on TV yesterday.

    4. Identify the meaning of the –ed forms and classify each sentence according to the function of the –ed form.

    5. Disappointed by the outcome, Eliza thinks it • is better than nothing. • 2. When I got there, I found the door locked. • 3. The industrial cities built in the nineteenth • century do not attract visitors. • 4. Encouraged by my friends and relations, I sent my invention to the patent office. • 5. A robot is a machine controlled by a computer. • 6. I won’t have my time taken up with useless • discussion.

    6. Group A: 3. The industrial cities built in the nineteenth century do not attract visitors. =…cities which were built in … 5. A robot is a machine controlled by a computer. =… a machine which is controlled by …

    7. Group B: • Disappointed by the outcome, Eliza thinks it • is better than nothing. =Although Eliza is disappointed by … 4. Encouraged by my friends and relations, I sent my invention to the patent office. =As I was encouraged by…

    8. Group C: 2. When I got there, I found the door locked. 6. I won’t have my time taken up with useless discussion.

    9. Classify these sentences according to the function of the -ed form. • The trees planted by the students will grow into a forest after many years. • The people in Sichuan have had their houses rebuilt. • Put the broken cup away, or it will hurt others. • Seen from the top of the hill, the city looks like a garden. • 5. He is a teacher loved byall the students.

    10. 6. Most of the people invited to the party were late because of the thick fog. 7. Built in 1192, the bridge is over 800 years old. 8. I‘ve never heard the word used in spoken English. 9. How could he get the plan carried out without anyone to support him? 10. Asked if he had any difficulties, he made no answer.

    11. Group A • The trees planted by the students will grow into a forest after many years. • 3. Put the broken cup away, or it will hurt others. • 5. He is a teacher loved by all the students. • 6. Most of the people invited to the party were • late because of the thick fog. • 8. I‘ve never heard the word used in spoken • English.

    12. Group B 4. Seen from the top of the hill, the city looks like a garden. 7. Built in 1192, the bridge is over 800 years old. 10. Asked if he had any difficulties, he made no answer.

    13. Group C 2. The people in Sichuan have had their houses rebuilt. 8. I’ve never heard the word used in spoken English. 9. How could he get the plan carried out without any one to support him?

    14. Comparison • 1. I heard the song sung several times. • 2. I heard her singing the song. • 3. The flowers sold by Eliza are dead. • 4. Eliza is a girl selling flowers on the • street. • 5. The teacher came in, followed by his • students. • 6. The teacher came in, following our • headmaster. = …a girl who sells … =…, and the teacher followed …

    15. Practice 1 Choose the correct words in the brackets. • The ( injured / injuring ) man was taken • to hospital. • 2. Nearby stood a flower girl ( worn / wearing ) a dark garment and a woolen scarf . • 3. I’d like to have the letter ( mailed / • mailing ). √ √ √

    16. 4. ( Giving / Given ) more time, we are sure • to do it better. • 5. The boy lay in bed, ( listening / listened ) • to music. 6. Do you know the man ( praising / praised ) at the meeting? 7. ( Inspiring / Inspired ) by Dr. Chen’s speech, they decided to study science harder. √ √ √ √

    17. Practice 2 Complete the passage about Eliza with suitable words below, using either the -ed form or the -ing form:

    18. Dressed in a dark garment, Eliza stood on the street ________ flowers one day. She begged Mr. Pickering to buy her flowers. _______ only some small change by Mr. Pickering, Eliza felt very disappointed. Suddenly she saw her words ________ down by Professor Higgins. She was frightened. Judging from her _______ English, Professor Higgins knew she came from the lower class. To her surprise, he said that once ________ to speak properly, she could work as a shop assistant. selling Paid written spoken taught

    19. Practice 3 Look at the pictures and finish the sentences, using the -ed form or the –ing form: 1 The girl ______(hit) by the ball is crying. hit

    20. 2 I found my apple ______ by a worm. I found a worm _______ my apple. (eat) eaten eating

    21. 3 The driver of the car ____________the tree was too tired. ____________ by the car, the tree nearly fell down. (run into) running into Run into

    22. Describe the pictures with the words given, using the -ed form or the -ing form.

    23. 5 4 6

    24. 4 I saw the leaves falling from the tree. The leaves falling from the tree are yellow. I saw the ground covered with fallen leaves.

    25. 5 The blouse washed by the girl looks very clean. The girl washing the blouse is very pretty.

    26. 6 Given a present, the girl is very happy. Seeing/Getting the present, the girl is very delighted.

    27. Rewriting • Read the passage about My • Fair Lady. • 2. Rewrite some of the • sentences, using the -ed form • or the -ing form.

    28. My Fair Lady is a musical. It is based upon George Bernard Shaw’s play Pygmalion. The story is about Eliza, a flower girl who sold flowers in the street. She was born in a poor neighbourhood and she spoke improper English. One day she met Professor Higgins who said that if she was educated, she could pass as an upper class lady. So she took speech lessons from him. Gradually, Eliza got familiar with the proper way to speak, act and dress. To see if Eliza had learned everything that was taught, Higgins took her to a royal ball and hoped she could convince everyone that she herself was from the upper class. Eliza was accepted as a perfect lady. Higgins was delighted to see that.

    29. Example: My Fair Lady is a musical. It is based upon George Bernard Shaw’s play Pygmalion. My Fair Lady is a musical based upon George Bernard Shaw’s play Pygmalion.

    30. My Fair Lady is a musical based upon George Bernard Shaw’s play Pygmalion. The story is about Eliza, a flower girl selling flowers in the street. Born in a poor neighbourhood, she spoke improper English. One day she met Professor Higgins who said that if educated, she could pass as an upper class lady. So she took speech lessons from him. Gradually, Eliza got familiar with the proper way to speak, act and dress. To see if Eliza had learned everything taught, Higgins took her to a royal ball, hoping she could convince everyone that she herself was from the upper class. Higgins was delighted to see Eliza accepted as a perfect lady.

    31. Assessment Can youuse the -ed form now? How many sentences did you rewrite?

    32. Homework Exx 1 & 2 on p72 in the Workbook