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Chapter 2. Nouns. Person, place, thing, or idea Pastor David Midland Pencil Joy. Noun. You have one minute to list as many nouns as possible. Your Turn. Singular- book Singular possessive- book ’s cover Plural- book s Plural possessive- book s’ cover s. Forms of nous.

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Chapter 2

Chapter 2

Nouns


Nouns

Noun



Forms of nous

Singular- book

Singular possessive- book’s cover

Plural- books

Plural possessive- books’ covers

Forms of nous


Plural forms of nouns

  • Add s to the singular form of most nouns.

    • Book-books

  • Add esto singular nouns ending with s, x, z, ch, and sh.

    • Lunch-lunches

  • If the word ends in y preceded by a consonant, change the final y to iand add es.

    • cry-cries

Plural Forms of Nouns


Plural forms of nouns1

  • If a noun ends in a y preceded by a vowel, add only s.

    • Toy-toys

  • If a noun ends in f or fe, consult your dictionary. For some nouns, add s; for others, change the f to v and add s or es.

    • Wolf-wolves

  • If a noun end sin o, consult your dictionary. For some nouns, add s; for others, add es.

    • Solo-solos

    • Tomato- tomatoes

Plural Forms of nouns


Irregular nouns

Irregular Nouns


Possessive nouns

Possessive Nouns


Possessive nouns1

Possessive Nouns



Common and proper nouns

Common and proper Nouns


Count and noncount nouns

  • Count nouns- can be made plural

    • Box- boxes

    • Book- books

  • Noncount nouns- cannot be made plural

    • Always singular

    • Cannot have a, an, or one before them

    • Use much and little, rather than many and few

    • Milk

    • Darkness

Count and Noncount nouns


Collective nouns

  • Nouns that name a group

  • May be singular or plural depending on the context

  • Team

  • Jury

    • The jury argue amongst themselves. (plural, divided

    • The jury agrees on a verdict. (singular, united)

Collective Nouns


Collective nouns1
Collective Nouns

Team

Team

Team

Team

Team

Team


Compound nouns

  • Formed by combing two or more words

  • Can be written as 1 word, 1 hyphenated word, or two words

    • Bookcase

    • Brother-in-law

    • Nursing home

  • Miss MacQ’s

    • Leafswing

    • Picture monkey

  • Yours?

Compound nouns


Noun functions

  • Subject (S)

    • Bo made the class laugh.

  • Predicate Noun (PN)

    • The Tridge is the meeting of three bridges.

  • Direct Object (DO)

    • Nick threw the ferret.

  • Indirect Object (IO)

    • Nickthrew Noah the ferret.

Noun Functions


Noun functions1

  • Object of Preposition (OP)

    • Caleb’s smile lit up the room.

  • Noun of Direct Address (DA)

    • Devyn, please spell the word of the day.

    • Grace, please be careful.

  • Appositive (App)- renames a noun

    • Daniel, a Korean student, is in ninth grade.

    • My favorite room, the library, is replete with books and comfortable chairs.

Noun Functions