International Projects. Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI ). 1946 – 1958: RMI was the site of 69 U.S. nuclear weapons tests . CDC received a request from the Republic of the Marshall Islands to conduct an epidemiologic study of thyroid disease in the Marshall Islands. .
If conducted, such a study would be the first at tempt to conduct a nationwide assessment in the Marshall Islands of the relationship between thyroid disease and radiation exposures from U.S. nuclear weapons tests in the 1940s and 1950s.
To date, a draft protocol for an epidemiologic study has been developed. An important component of this proposed study is to first determine the radiation doses to people who lived throughout the atolls during the weapons testing period of the 1940s and 1950s.
CDC completed a cooperative agreement with the RMI government for:
The purpose of this project is to use these data to evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of various environmental transport and dosimetry models that may be useful in dose reconstruction.
CDC routinely provides technical assistance and expert consultation to ongoing dose reconstruction and epidemiologic studies of the effects of exposure to radionuclides released from nuclear facilities in the former Soviet Union.
CDC has also cooperated with the International Atomic Energy Agency and other interested countries on dose-reconstruction model-validation studies based on environmental data collected in the aftermath of the Chernobyl event in 1986.
The present collection includes data sets previously used in model validation exercises;