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Lev Vygotsky Overheads. Carolyn R. Fallahi, Ph. D. Lev Vygotsky. 1896-1934 – sociocultural viewpoint of cognitive development. Died early before finishing his theory. Vygotsky insisted that:. Cognitive growth occurs in a sociocultural context that influences the form it takes.

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lev vygotsky overheads

Lev Vygotsky Overheads

Carolyn R. Fallahi, Ph. D.

lev vygotsky
Lev Vygotsky
  • 1896-1934 – sociocultural viewpoint of cognitive development.
  • Died early before finishing his theory.
vygotsky insisted that
Vygotsky insisted that:
  • Cognitive growth occurs in a sociocultural context that influences the form it takes.
  • Many of the child’s skills = social interactions.
  • Higher mental functions.
  • Tools of intellectual adaptation.
the role of society
The Role of Society
  • Society influences how to think and what to think.
  • Human cognition = society.
  • Intellectual growth is not universal (as Piaget claimed).
how children learn
How children learn
  • Discoveries take place within the collaborative dialogue between the student & tutor.
  • Example – child learning how to do his first jigsaw puzzle.
  • The Zone of proximal development.
  • Active, not passive learning.
difference between vygotsky piaget
Difference between Vygotsky & Piaget
  • Main difference = the role of the instructor.
  • Language, specifically egocentric speech.
  • Nonsocial speech.
  • Private speech.
  • Who is right? Berk (1992) favors Vygotsky on this aspect of private speech or “self-talk”.