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Friday, June 7 th , 2013 1:00pm – 2:30pm Kingpetch Room, Asia Hotel, Bangkok. Creating an internationalization framework. The Case for Thailand. Karen McBride, Ed.D. 10 years in International Higher Education

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Creating an internationalization framework

Friday, June 7th, 2013

1:00pm – 2:30pm

Kingpetch Room, Asia Hotel, Bangkok

Creating an internationalization framework

The Case for Thailand

Karen mcbride ed d
Karen McBride, Ed.D.

  • 10 years in International Higher Education

  • Majority of experience in Study Abroad and Student Exchange programs within the U.S.A.

  • Experience in private and public sectors

  • Relocated to the Midwest

  • Studied (School for Field Studies, Atenas, Costa Rica & University of Glasgow, U.K.), Interned (National Museum of Ireland, Dublin, Ireland), obtained graduate degree (Queen’s University of Belfast, Belfast, Northern Ireland, U.K.), Volunteered (U.S. Peace Corps, Antigua, West Indies) and conducted research abroad (United Kingdom & Thailand)

Definition s

  • “The specific policies and initiatives of countries and individual institutions or systems to deal with global trends” (Altbach, 2002)

  • “…the conscious effort to integrate and infuse international, intercultural, and global dimensions into the ethos and outcomes of postsecondary education. To be fully successful, it must involve active and responsible engagement of the academic community in global networks and partnerships” (NAFSA, 2011)

Global context
Global Context

1998: 20+ million students enrolled in HE

2007: 100+ million

2025: est. 250 million

Education is a tradable good and service.

The growing inter-relationship between knowledge, the market and technology transfers.

The ability to manipulate, store and transmit large quantities of data at a high speed at very low cost.

Growing pains
Growing Pains

Why Apple (and Lots of other Companies) Wound up in Ireland

Clashes as thousands of Cambodians protest Nike factory work conditions

Coca-Cola Sets Sights on Myanmar

IMF Admits Mistakes on Greece Bailout

The study
The Study

  • Thai perspectives on the internationalization of higher education in Thailand: A mixed methods analysis and three mini-case studies

  • Ed.D. Educational Policy and Administration

  • University of Minnesota – Twin Cities

  • June 2012


  • Non-Western view on Internationalization

  • Non-traditional destination

  • Development of ASEAN Economic Community (2015)


  • Sequential Mixed Methods

  • Inductive Analysis

  • Interviews with Thai leadership in international higher education (23)

  • Survey of 59 institutions offering 981 international higher education programs

  • Mini-Case Studies of 3 internationally-active institutions (3)

Results general
Results – General



  • English Language Programs

  • Privatization & Autonomy

  • Quality Assurance

  • ICT Development

  • Transnational Partnerships

  • Internationalized Curriculum

  • Benchmarking against the West

  • Global Workforce

  • Student & Faculty Mobility

  • College Leadership

  • Faculty Involvement & Mobility

  • Internationalized Curriculum

  • Student Mobility

  • International Student Presence & Immersion

  • International co-Curricular Units & Activities

  • Global Workforce

  • Intercultural Competency

Results specific to thailand
Results – Specific to Thailand



Fulfilling International

Ed Goals

  • International Engagement

    • Global Awareness

    • English Language Ability

    • International Curriculum Development

    • Faculty & Student Mobility

  • English

    • Programs

    • AEC

  • Curriculum

    • Standards

    • Content

    • Quality Assurance

  • Mobility

    • Policy Pledges

    • Gov’t incentive for graduate degrees abroad

  • AEC Development

  • Advantages

    • Culture of Hospitality

    • Comparative infrastructure

    • Medical Services

    • Cost of Living

    • Geographical Positioning

    • Political Stability*

  • Disadvantages

    • English Language Ability

    • Resource allocation

    • Formal, detailed national policy & assessment tool

Advantages &


Where to now
Where to now?

Putting it all together…




  • Language Development

  • ICT Development

  • International Curriculum

  • Student Mobility

  • Faculty Development

  • International Partnerships

  • Performance Assessment/Quality Assurance

  • Centralized Agency

  • Leadership

  • Resources

  • Stakeholders & Constituents

  • Principles of Teaching & Learning

  • Scope of Geographic & Cultural Learning

  • Evolving Context of International Education

  • Sector Communication

*Each domain addresses multiple activities that gauge policy success. The variables associated with each policy domain vary according to number and degree of impact.

Example international curriculum
Example: International Curriculum

  • Does your institution have a process that allows transfer credit for students from international organizations? What is the # and % of courses that transfer as course equivalencies vs. electives?

  • How many organizations are eligible for credit transfer? What types of work receives credit (e.g. study, internship, volunteer, research)? % increase/decrease from previous year?

  • Is there periodic review of international credit transfer? How often? Which departments?

  • How many courses explicitly list an international dimension as a learning outcome? % increase/decrease from previous year?

  • How many programs currently meet top international accrediting bodies? Which ones? % increase/decrease from previous year?

  • Is there an international curriculum committee at your institution? How many? % increase/decrease from the previous year?

  • Is there a budget allocation for international curriculum development by college? Amount of allocation? % increase/decrease from previous year?

  • Is there a faculty grant program for international curriculum development? How much?

  • Is there faculty release time available for international curriculum development?

  • Is a faculty assistantship program for international curriculum development? How many?

Example language development
Example: Language Development

  • Do any faculty actively provide translation services to and from English? How many? % increase/decrease from previous year?

  • Are faculty compensated in some way for teaching courses in English or training other faculty in English? How?

  • Do any faculty specifically advise international students in English? How many faculty? How many students per term? % increase/decrease from previous year?

  • How often to do faculty conduct business outside of the university in English? % increase/decrease from previous year?

  • Are courses offered in ASEAN nation languages? Which ones? How many? % increase/decrease from previous year?

  • How many students take courses in ASEAN nation languages? Which ones? % increase/decrease from previous year?

  • Do students and faculty utilize publications in ASEAN nation languages? How many? % increase/decrease from previous year?

  • Are courses offered in other languages? Which ones? How many? % increase/decrease from previous year?

  • How many students take courses in other languages? Which ones? % increase/decrease from previous year?

  • Are there proficiency standards established for each language?

  • What is the # and % of undergraduate students that meet the English language proficiency standards? Post-graduate students? % increase/decrease from previous year?


Develop policy initiatives based on Thai criteria for successful internationalization and the means to assess them by each institution and external agencies.



Thai Internationalization Framework

AEC Launch

Southeast Asian Educational Hub

Thai Strengths & Weaknesses

Western Standards for Internationalization

Thai Perspectives on Internationalization