Moving West. Mr. Williams 10 th Grade U.S. History September 2, 2009.
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10th Grade U.S. History
September 2, 2009
“We were going to God’s Country. Eighteen hundred and 90….It was pretty hard to part with some of our things. We didn’t have much but we had worked hard for everything we had. You had to work hard in that rocky country in Missouri. I was glad to be leaving it. We were going to God’s Country….We were going to a new land and get rich.”
Homesteaders, Miners, Ranchers
From 1870-1900 more land was settled than in all the previous history of the country
*Eight new States entered the Union
Colorado, Montana, North and South Dakota, Washington, Idaho, Wyoming, and Utah
White Settlers: Came from middle class families and could afford supplies and transportation
Promised 160 acres free to any citizen or prospective citizen, male or female, who settled on the land for five years.
With the completion of the Transcontinental Railroad, People could choose from 4 different companies to make the trip in less than a week.
Poor farmers who did without even the basics, living in dugouts carved in the land and using muscle instead of machinery
Most Homesteaders found only poorer lands, far from markets, transportation, and society
“Along the line, as far as the eye could reach, with a shout and a yell the swift riders shot out, then followed by the light buggies or wagons and last the lumbering prairie schooners and freighter’s wagons. Above all a great cloud of dust hovered like smoke over a battlefield.”