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Moving West!. Chapter 12 / Section 2 / Page 392. LAND!. People began moving west because they had dreams of new opportunities Like owning inexpensive land with good soil Many people began moving west, including: Cotton planters from the south Cattle and sheep farmers from New England

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moving west

Moving West!

Chapter 12 / Section 2 / Page 392

slide2
LAND!
  • People began moving west because they had dreams of new opportunities
    • Like owning inexpensive land with good soil
  • Many people began moving west, including:
    • Cotton planters from the south
    • Cattle and sheep farmers from New England
    • Merchants and shopkeepers from the east
conestoga wagon
Conestoga Wagon:
  • Carried everything the families owned on their journey west
  • When they arrived in the west two tools were most important to their survival:
    • Long handled ax
    • Rifle
pathways into the west
Pathways into the West:
  • Daniel Boone- lead a group of 30 lumberers across the Cumberland Gap
  • Boone’s party cleared the trail to central Kentucky
  • This became known as the Wilderness Road
a need
A Need:
  • People wanted new speedy, cheap transportation systems to help move raw materials and factory goods to market
  • In New York and Pennsylvania they began building a turnpike (a roadway which you must pay to travel on)
  • To travel on these roads you had to pay a toll, or a small fee which was used to build new roads and help keep up existing ones
demand for better roads
Demand for better roads:
  • Settlers moving west demanded better roads because they:
    • Wanted the region to grow more rapidly
    • Wanted places in the west to gain statehood
    • Wanted to increase population
    • Wanted transportation to be quicker and less costly
national road
National Road:
  • Government funded road that would aid in traveling west
  • Construction was delayed because congress was not sure it was constitutional
  • Once it was built is connected Cumberland MD to Wheeling WV
  • This made it easier to travel in all kinds of weather
depending on waterways
Depending on Waterways:
  • During the 1800’s waterways were still the main form of transportation
  • Water transportation improved with the invention of the Clermont- Robert Fulton’s steam boat
canals
Canals
  • Canals were more efficient then roads because it did not take as muck effort to transport goods
  • A Canal is a channel dug out and filled with water to allow boats to cross a stretch of land
erie canal
Erie Canal
  • Designed by De Witt Clinton
  • Also called Clinton’s Ditch