Faith and Modernity. Lecture 1 The challenge to traditional religion. SECULARISATION AND MODERNISATION. Sociological/historical paradigms The emergence of religion What is secularisation. Challenges to Traditional religion. 1 Intellectual 2 Experiential 3 Socio/economic.
The challenge to traditional religion
was under threat.
Was once, too, at the full, and round earth's shore
Lay like the folds of a bright girdle furl'd.
But now I only hear Its melancholy, long, withdrawing roar,
Retreating, to the breath
Of the night-wind, down the vast edges drear
And naked shingles of the world.
Ah, love, let us be true
To one another! for the world, which seems
To lie before us like a land of dreams,
So various, so beautiful, so new,
Hath really neither joy, nor love, nor light,
Nor certitude, nor peace, nor help for pain;
And we are here as on a darkling plain
Swept with confused alarms of struggle and flight,
Where ignorant armies clash by night.
God is dead. God remains dead. And we have killed him. Yet his shadow still looms. How shall we comfort ourselves, the murderers of all murderers? What was holiest and mightiest of all that the world has yet owned has bled to death under our knives: who will wipe this blood off us? What water is there for us to clean ourselves? What festivals of atonement, what sacred games shall we have to invent? Is not the greatness of this deed too great for us? Must we ourselves not become gods simply to appear worthy of it?
—Nietzsche, The Gay Science,[i.e. The art of poetry] Section 125,(1882) tr. Walter Kaufmann
People living in the post-industrial revolution comfort zone of consumerism and medicine have no ‘need’ of God for a comfortable life.
were signs of the diminishing importance of religion.