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  1. Happy MondayPlease have out your packet andyour notes.Did you know?“Aborigine” is derived from Latin, and means the “Original Inhabitant”

  2. Mythology • Oral Tradition • Sacred texts reveal truths • Embodiment of the landscape • "Many were shape changing, transformed from or into human beings or natural species, or into natural features such as rocks but all left something of their spiritual essence at the places noted in their stories."

  3. Diversity Across the Continent • There are 900 distinct Aboriginal groups across Australia- each distinguished by unique names usually identifying particular languages, dialects, or distinctive speech mannerisms. Each language was used for original myths, from which the distinctive words and names of individual myths derive. • With so many distinct Aboriginal groups, languages, beliefs and practices, scholars cannot attempt to characterize the full range and diversity of all myths being variously and continuously told, developed, elaborated, performed, and experienced by group members across the entire continent.

  4. Council for Aboriginal Reconciliation • "..they generally describe the journeys of ancestral beings, often giant animals or people, over what began as a featureless domain. Mountains, rivers, waterholes, animal and plant species, and other natural and cultural resources came into being as a result of events which took place during these Dreamtime journeys. Their existence in present-day landscapes is seen by many indigenous peoples as confirmation of their creation beliefs.."

  5. "..The routes taken by the Creator Beings in their Dreamtime journeys across land and sea.. link many sacred sites together in a web of Dreamtime tracks criss-crossing the country. Dreaming tracks can run for hundreds, even thousands of kilometres, from desert to the coast [and] may be shared by peoples in countries through which the tracks pass.."

  6. Clips • •

  7. Dreaming the Earth

  8. Oodgeroo • Oodgeroo 1920-1993) was an Australian poet, political activist, artist and educator. She was also a campaigner for Aboriginal rights. Oodgeroo was best known for her poetry, and was the first Aboriginal Australian to publish a book of verse. •

  9. Male Roles • Hunters • Warriors (use of weapons) • Elders to teach young boys the same rituals and tribe lessons of manhood that had been taught to them

  10. Female Roles • Gathers • Warriors (fearless toward things of this world) • Motherhood • Perform ceremonies for younger girls that had been performed for them

  11. Initiation Rites: RememberBurr Nong

  12. Boys as young as 11, and Girls as young as 9 received initiation rites… *Boys -To learn history -Dancing and chanting that teaches creation stories -Separation from women -Weapon presentation -Walkabouts (age 13) -Survival skills • *Girls • -Finger joint/nose piercing ceremony (endurance of pain) • -Dancing and music • -Gathering tools presentation (for gathering food) • -Smoke ceremony (purify) • -Marriage preparation

  13. WALKABOUT • Ritual path to manhood • Sent out with a ceremony (dancing, singing…) • Given tools (boomerang, throwing stick for a spear) • Elders led boys to secret places within tribal boundaries where they were left to roam until they had received a message from the spirit world to return to the clan

  14. Australian Aborigines Beliefs Relationship with the land Community British explorers Beliefs Relationship with the land Community Then Capt. James Cook showed up…Colonization

  15. Simulation • Stay on task and IN CHARACTER • Remain focused • FOLLOW THE DIRECTIONS 100% • DO NOT MAKE UP YOUR OWN RULES • Context: You have been invited to a “Meet and Greet”.

  16. Partner Sharing • Predict what the British would want to change about the Aboriginal people. • What strategies do you think they would use to bring about the changes? • What would be the effects on the Aborigines both at the time and the future?

  17. Predict what the British would want to change about the Aboriginal people.

  18. What strategies do you think they would use to bring about the changes?

  19. What would be the effects on the Aborigines both at the time and the future?

  20. Stolen Generation • Assimilation of children • Languages and ceremonies forbidden • Taken miles from their country • Parents not told where children were and could not trace them • Children told that they were orphans • No family contact

  21. Aboriginal Americans

  22. For HOMEWORK • Read Marngit and U308 • Complete Questions and Vocabulary