Intro to Psychology . Van Geons- Period 5 – 2009-2010. Assignments Due. MONDAY, AUGUST 24, 2009 -NiceNet Assignment Due: Psychology Journal- Assignment 1 Friday, August 28, 2009- Chapter 1 Assessment via Nicenet Due Friday
Van Geons- Period 5 – 2009-2010
The literal Greek definition of Psycho-logy is “the study of the soul or mind. “
i. Basic Science vs. Applied Science
a. Basic Science = research
b. Applied Science= taking psychological principles and applying them to solve immediate problems (also used in marketing, designs for companies, etc)
i. William James (1842-1910)
ii. Functionalism - Moved away from focusing on the structure of the mind to a concern with how the conscious is related to behavior... How does the mind affect what people do?
iii. WHAT FUNCTION DOES A BEHAVIOR HAVE?
i. Sir Francis Galton (1822-1911)
ii. role of heredity on a person’s character, abilities, and behavior.
iii. Galton was a relative of Darwin and in 1860s Galton went out to understand how much “genius” is hereditary.
Iv. “Wouldn’t the world be a better place if we could get rid of less desirable people?”
i. "form or shape"- focused on perception & problem solving.
ii. The school of thought claimed we perceive and think about wholes rather than simply about combinations of separate elements.
iii. In other words...the whole is NOT = to the sum of the parts
e. Physiological Perspective - To understand behavior you must understand the roots of behavior, the working of the brain and nervous system.
f. Sociocultural Perspective - To fully understand behavior you have to take into consideration the social and cultural environment in which it occurs.
1. We must have two or more possibilities 'genuinely open' to us when we face a choice; and
2. our choice must not be 'forced'.