BRAIN POWER!. “ Any fool can know. The point is to understand.” -Albert Einstein Chapter 8. DISEASES OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM. CHAPTER 8. Neurological Diseases. PNS. Anatomy of the Nervous System. Central Nervous System (CNS) Brain, spinal cord
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“Any fool can know. The point is to understand.”
Thoracic limb withdrawal – pinch toe
Patellar – strike patellar ligament – extension of stifle
Pelvic limb withdrawal – pinch toe
Sciatic – Strike between greater trochanter and ischium – flexion of stifle and hock
Cranial tibial – strike cranial tibial m just below proximal end of tibia – flex hock
Perineal – pinch perineum/anus – anal sphincter contraction, tuck tail
Panniculus – stimulate skin over dorsum just lateral to vertebral column – twitch of cutaneous trunci m.
Muscle tone N or I D
Spinal reflexes N or I D
Motor fxn Spastic Flaccid
Muscle atrophy Mild Severe
Bladder Tense Flaccid