Hazard Communicationand Awareness Training Presented by: SFSU EH&SRevised 11-22-16
Training Topics • Training Scope • Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) - Overview • Labeling and Signage • (Material) Safety Data Sheets • Specific Building Hazards • Asbestos • Lead • Mercury Agenda
The Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) • Purpose & Scope • To ensure all employees are informed about the hazardous chemicals they use or may be exposed to. • Ensure employees have knowledge about how to protect themselves from the hazards and how to get more information • Core Elements of HCS (8 CCR §5194) • Ensure Employee’s know their rights under HCS • Chemical Inventory • Maintain Safety Data Sheets • Labels and Warnings • Employee Training • Maintain a Written HCS Program
The Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) • Employee Rights Under the HCS • To know and understand the chemical hazards in your work area • Not to be discriminated against for exercising your rights • Program Availability • SFSU EHS department • EHS website: http://ehs.sfsu.edu/content/health-safety-programs
HCS Labels and Signage • All containers of hazardous chemicals must be properly labeled • Laboratories and chemical storage must be labeled to inform all occupants of potential hazards inside
HCS 2012 New Labeling Requirements • By June 1, 2015, all new chemical container labels will be required to have: • Supplier identification • The product identifier • Signal word* • Hazard statement(s)* • Precautionary statement(s)* • Pictogram(s)* • NOTE: Most major vendors comply with the format now
Labeling: Signal Words • Signal word: One word used to indicate the relative severity of hazard (on the label and safety data sheet). “Warning” for less severe hazard categories “Danger”for more severe hazard categories. • Lower categories of classification (i.e. “caution”) and unclassified products do not require pictograms or signal words under GHS.
Labeling: Hazard & Precautionary Statements • Hazard Statements • Describe the nature of the hazard(s): • “Highly flammable liquid and vapor.” • “May cause liver and kidney damage.” • “Can cause severe skin burns and eye damage.” • Precautionary Statements • Describe: recommended measures to take to minimize/prevent adverse effects • “Do not breathe vapors.” • “Wear protective gloves.” • “Wash hands thoroughly after handling.”
Health Hazard Pictograms HEALTH hazards cause harm to your body in either an acute or chronic way Health Hazard Carcinogen Respiratory Sensitizer Reproductive Toxicity Irritant Skin Sensitizer Respiratory Irritant Narcotic Effects Acute Toxicity Severe
Physical Hazard Pictograms Corrosion Explosives Gases Under Pressure Oxidizers Flammables
(Material) Safety Data Sheets • The Hazard Communication Standard requires that all employers maintain current Safety Data Sheets (SDSs) on site for each chemical in the workplace. • Each chemical use area should have access to the SDSs of the materials in use. Ask the area supervisor, building coordinator, or EHS department for help if you cannot find an SDS you’re looking for.
Safety Data Sheets • Developed by the chemical manufacturer • Must be revised or replaced when new information is discovered about a chemical’s hazards
Content of SDSs 1. Identification 2. Hazard Identification 3. Composition 4. First Aid Measures 5. Fire Fighting Measures 6. Accidental Release Measures 7. Handling & Storage 8. Exposure Controls/ Personal Protection 9. Physical & Chemical Properties 10. Stability & Reactivity 11. Toxicological Info. 12. Ecological Info. 13. Disposal Considerations 14. Transport Info. 15. Regulatory Info. 16. Other Info.
Summary of Hazard Communication • It is your Right to KNOW and UNDERSTAND the hazards you work with. • Seek information: Labels, Signs, SDSs, Training, your Supervisor • 16-Sections of detailed information about the product and its properties, how to use it, store it and transport it safely including what to do if there is a spill or accident.
Building-Specific Hazards Asbestos, Lead and Mercury
Asbestos Awareness • Asbestos: Notice to Employees (Connelly Act, AB 3713) • All SFSU personnel to be notified of the presence of asbestos in building materials • A survey identifying those areas at SFSU where asbestos containing building materials (ACBM) are present is available at Capital Planning Design and Construction.
Asbestos in Building Materials • Acoustical (Popcorn) Ceiling Material • Transite I Flue Pipes • Thermal Systems Insulation (TSI) • Floor Tile and Adhesive • Fire Doors • Fire Proofing • Sheet Flooring Products • Gypsum Wallboard Joint Compound or Texturing Materials • Roofing Materials • Exterior Stucco or siding • Transite I panels & pipes
Pipe Lagging • Central Utilities Plant • Tunnel • Mechanical Core
What Do You Doif You See Damaged ACM? • Inform supervisor and/or EHS right away DO NOT DISTURB ANY ASBESTOS CONTAINING MATERIALS OR MATERIALS YOU SUSPECT TO CONTAIN ASBESTOS Only a SFSU approved contractor may do so!!
SFSU Asbestos Labeling System • Impacted pipe insulation label (ex.: in basement): • Additional means of warning are under-development • Ubiquitous materials: • Floor tiles, fire-proofing that don’t support a distinct label
Health Effects of Asbestos Exposure • Mesothelioma • Cancer of the plural membrane (20 to 40 year latency period) • Diagnosis to death is approximately 6 months • Lung Cancer (Greatest number of deaths) • Asbestosis • Progressive pulmonary fibrosis • Fibers have accumulate in the lungs and have caused scaring in the alveoli • Incurable: usually disabling and can be fatal • Heart Disease, Pulmonary Hypertension, Immunological effects
Lead Awareness • Soft blue-gray metal • Found in the natural environment • Was added to paint and gasoline in past **Lead Paint is assumed present if a structure built before 1978** the natural ore galena
Lead-Based Paint Room with peeling lead paint BEFORE remediation