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Hazard Communication and Awareness Training

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  1. Hazard Communicationand Awareness Training Presented by: SFSU EH&SRevised 11-22-16

  2. Training Topics • Training Scope • Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) - Overview • Labeling and Signage • (Material) Safety Data Sheets • Specific Building Hazards • Asbestos • Lead • Mercury Agenda

  3. The Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) • Purpose & Scope • To ensure all employees are informed about the hazardous chemicals they use or may be exposed to. • Ensure employees have knowledge about how to protect themselves from the hazards and how to get more information • Core Elements of HCS (8 CCR §5194) • Ensure Employee’s know their rights under HCS • Chemical Inventory • Maintain Safety Data Sheets • Labels and Warnings • Employee Training • Maintain a Written HCS Program

  4. The Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) • Employee Rights Under the HCS • To know and understand the chemical hazards in your work area • Not to be discriminated against for exercising your rights • Program Availability • SFSU EHS department • EHS website: http://ehs.sfsu.edu/content/health-safety-programs

  5. HCS Labels and Signage • All containers of hazardous chemicals must be properly labeled • Laboratories and chemical storage must be labeled to inform all occupants of potential hazards inside

  6. HCS 2012 New Labeling Requirements • By June 1, 2015, all new chemical container labels will be required to have: • Supplier identification • The product identifier • Signal word* • Hazard statement(s)* • Precautionary statement(s)* • Pictogram(s)* • NOTE: Most major vendors comply with the format now

  7. Labeling: Signal Words • Signal word: One word used to indicate the relative severity of hazard (on the label and safety data sheet). “Warning” for less severe hazard categories “Danger”for more severe hazard categories. • Lower categories of classification (i.e. “caution”) and unclassified products do not require pictograms or signal words under GHS.

  8. Labeling: Hazard & Precautionary Statements • Hazard Statements • Describe the nature of the hazard(s): • “Highly flammable liquid and vapor.” • “May cause liver and kidney damage.” • “Can cause severe skin burns and eye damage.” • Precautionary Statements • Describe: recommended measures to take to minimize/prevent adverse effects • “Do not breathe vapors.” • “Wear protective gloves.” • “Wash hands thoroughly after handling.”

  9. Health Hazard Pictograms HEALTH hazards cause harm to your body in either an acute or chronic way Health Hazard Carcinogen Respiratory Sensitizer Reproductive Toxicity Irritant Skin Sensitizer Respiratory Irritant Narcotic Effects Acute Toxicity Severe

  10. Physical Hazard Pictograms Corrosion Explosives Gases Under Pressure Oxidizers Flammables

  11. Example New Label

  12. (Material) Safety Data Sheets • The Hazard Communication Standard requires that all employers maintain current Safety Data Sheets (SDSs) on site for each chemical in the workplace. • Each chemical use area should have access to the SDSs of the materials in use. Ask the area supervisor, building coordinator, or EHS department for help if you cannot find an SDS you’re looking for.

  13. Safety Data Sheets • Developed by the chemical manufacturer • Must be revised or replaced when new information is discovered about a chemical’s hazards

  14. Content of SDSs 1. Identification 2. Hazard Identification 3. Composition 4. First Aid Measures 5. Fire Fighting Measures 6. Accidental Release Measures 7. Handling & Storage 8. Exposure Controls/ Personal Protection 9. Physical & Chemical Properties 10. Stability & Reactivity 11. Toxicological Info. 12. Ecological Info. 13. Disposal Considerations 14. Transport Info. 15. Regulatory Info. 16. Other Info.

  15. Section 1: Identification

  16. Section 2: Hazard Identification

  17. Section 2: Hazard Identification (cont.)

  18. Section 2: Hazard Identification (cont.)

  19. Section 2: Hazard Identification (cont.)

  20. Section 3: Composition/Ingredients

  21. Section 4: First-Aid Measures

  22. Section 5: Fire Fighting Measures

  23. Section 6: Accidental Release Measures

  24. Section 7: Handling and Storage

  25. Section 8: Exposure/Personal Protection

  26. Section 9: Physical & Chemical Properties

  27. Section 10: Stability & Reactivity

  28. Section 11: Toxicological Information

  29. Section 12: Ecological Information

  30. Section 13: Disposal Considerations

  31. Section 14: Transport Information

  32. Section 15: Regulatory Information

  33. Section 16: Other Information

  34. Summary of Hazard Communication • It is your Right to KNOW and UNDERSTAND the hazards you work with. • Seek information: Labels, Signs, SDSs, Training, your Supervisor • 16-Sections of detailed information about the product and its properties, how to use it, store it and transport it safely including what to do if there is a spill or accident.

  35. Building-Specific Hazards Asbestos, Lead and Mercury

  36. Asbestos Awareness • Asbestos: Notice to Employees (Connelly Act, AB 3713) • All SFSU personnel to be notified of the presence of asbestos in building materials • A survey identifying those areas at SFSU where asbestos containing building materials (ACBM) are present is available at Capital Planning Design and Construction.

  37. Asbestos in Building Materials • Acoustical (Popcorn) Ceiling Material • Transite I Flue Pipes • Thermal Systems Insulation (TSI) • Floor Tile and Adhesive • Fire Doors • Fire Proofing • Sheet Flooring Products • Gypsum Wallboard Joint Compound or Texturing Materials • Roofing Materials • Exterior Stucco or siding • Transite I panels & pipes

  38. Acoustical Ceiling Material

  39. Pipe Lagging • Central Utilities Plant • Tunnel • Mechanical Core

  40. Floor Tile and Mastic

  41. Sheet Flooring Products

  42. Fire Doors

  43. Fire Proofing

  44. Gypsum Wallboard Joint Compoundor Texturing Materials

  45. What Do You Doif You See Damaged ACM? • Inform supervisor and/or EHS right away DO NOT DISTURB ANY ASBESTOS CONTAINING MATERIALS OR MATERIALS YOU SUSPECT TO CONTAIN ASBESTOS Only a SFSU approved contractor may do so!!

  46. SFSU Asbestos Labeling System • Impacted pipe insulation label (ex.: in basement): • Additional means of warning are under-development • Ubiquitous materials: • Floor tiles, fire-proofing that don’t support a distinct label

  47. Health Effects of Asbestos Exposure • Mesothelioma • Cancer of the plural membrane (20 to 40 year latency period) • Diagnosis to death is approximately 6 months • Lung Cancer (Greatest number of deaths) • Asbestosis • Progressive pulmonary fibrosis • Fibers have accumulate in the lungs and have caused scaring in the alveoli • Incurable: usually disabling and can be fatal • Heart Disease, Pulmonary Hypertension, Immunological effects

  48. Lead Awareness • Soft blue-gray metal • Found in the natural environment • Was added to paint and gasoline in past **Lead Paint is assumed present if a structure built before 1978** the natural ore galena

  49. Lead-Based Paint Room with peeling lead paint BEFORE remediation