17 237 developmental psychology from adolescence to old age l.
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17.237 Developmental Psychology from Adolescence to Old Age. Richard Kruk. Developmental Psychology. Development: Change Differences Assumptions: Age is important Other factors are important. Normative age-graded influences Examples? Normative history-graded influences Examples?

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17.237 Developmental Psychology from Adolescence to Old Age


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developmental psychology
Developmental Psychology
  • Development:
    • Change
    • Differences
  • Assumptions:
    • Age is important
    • Other factors are important
slide3
Normative age-graded influences
    • Examples?
  • Normative history-graded influences
    • Examples?
  • Non-normative influences
    • Examples?
influences on development
Influences on Development
  • Normative
    • Age-graded
      • School
      • Friendship
      • Family
    • History-Graded
      • War, terrorism
      • Economy: depression
      • Health: AIDS, Polio, SARS
      • Technology:
influences on development5
Influences on Development
  • Non-normative
    • Specific to individual
      • Early death of parent
      • Accident
      • Illness
ideas and issues in adult development
Ideas and Issues in Adult Development

Why study adult development?

  • aging population
      • trends
      • Population pyramids

% of Pop.

% of Pop.

Old

Old

Young

Young

2000

2050

human life expectancy at birth average life span years
Human life expectancy at birth(average life span: years)
  • Prehistoric 18
  • Ancient Greece 20
  • Ancient Rome 22
  • Middle Ages 33
  • 19th Century 41
  • 1900 (North America)47
  • 1915 55
  • 1954 69
  • 1967 70
  • 1971 71
  • 1983 75
  • 1991 (Canada) 81 (Females)
  • 1991 (Canada) 74 (Males)
additional reasons to study adult development
Additional reasons to study adult development
  • social stresses:
      • health care, CPP
  • personal interest
      • develop potential
      • avoid negative experiences, lifestyles
slide11
Altruism
    • Care, understanding of aging population
    • Counter negative attitudes (ageism)
  • Factual
    • Understand processes of aging
course review
Course Review
  • Text: Lemme (2002). Development in Adulthood: 3rd edition.
  • Grading:
    • 2 term tests, 25% each
    • 1 final exam (April 12-28) 35%
      • 25% M.C., non-cumulative
      • 10% essay (integrative)
    • In class activities
      • 4 video; 2 group
course review13
Course Review
  • Domains: Physical, cognitive, personality, social
  • Physical
    • Concepts of aging
    • Structural and functional change over time
    • Reserve capacity: “over-engineered”
slide14
Cognitive
    • Declines in some domains
      • Memory, timing
    • Gains in others
      • Wisdom, expertise, post-formal thinking
slide15
Personality
    • Intimacy, generativity, integration
  • Social
    • Tasks of development?
life span development
Life-Span development
  • lifelong process
  • both increases and decreases, and gains and losses, in behaviour
  • Is modifiable or reversible: plasticity
  • Multidimensional, multidirectional
  • Multiple cultural, social, historical contexts
slide18
My heart leaps up when I behold

A rainbow in the sky:

So was it when my life began;

So is it now I am a man;

So be it when I shall grow old,

Or let me die!

The Child is father of the Man;

I could wish my days to be Bound each to each by natural piety.

William Wordsworth, 1802.

video 42 up
Video: 42 Up
  • “Show me the boy at age 7, and I will show you the man.”
  • Agree or disagree? Why?
  • Influences on development? Types?
  • Hand in Activity Sheet next week (meeting following the video).
    • Make sure you write your name
milestones and tasks of adulthood
Milestones and Tasks of Adulthood
  • Adolescence and Young Adulthood
  • Middle Adulthood
  • Late Adulthood