understanding individual differences perception
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Understanding Individual Differences & Perception

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 11

Understanding Individual Differences & Perception - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 517 Views
  • Uploaded on

Understanding Individual Differences & Perception . Perception is Reality. Understanding Individual Differences & Perception. Why is this topic worth studying? Perception refers to the process through which we receive, organize and interpret information from the environment

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Understanding Individual Differences & Perception' - brinda


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
understanding individual differences perception2
Understanding Individual Differences & Perception

Why is this topic worth studying?

  • Perception refers to the process through which we receive, organize and interpret information from the environment
  • If we understand ourselves and those around us, we can be more effective
  • If we integrate factual and perceptual inputs into our belief system, we can change the way we think and behave
understanding individual differences perception3
Understanding Individual Differences & Perception

What is perception?

  • Our interpretation of reality
  • A cognitive process of simplifying and mentally organizing the environment
  • A series of mental models of common characteristics
  • A series of scripts to make events predictable
understanding individual differences perception4
Understanding Individual Differences & Perception

What influences perception?

  • Cognitive functions
  • Personality
  • Past experiences
  • Education
  • Gender, age, ethnicity, culture
understanding individual differences perception5
Understanding Individual Differences & Perception

Our perception of a situation:

  • Affects how we view our managers, coworkers, and subordinates
  • Impacts the way we manage people
  • Affects how we make decisions
  • Can lead to inappropriate behavior
understanding individual differences perception6
Understanding Individual Differences & Perception

Common perceptual biases

  • Stereotyping: assumptions about others based on belonging to a certain category or group
  • Halo effect: one characteristic influences your overall evaluation of a person
  • Selective perception: tendency to consider information that reinforces your existing beliefs
understanding individual differences perception7
Understanding Individual Differences & Perception

Biases related to decision-making:

  • Availability bias: tendency to base decisions on information that is readily available
  • Representative bias: assessing the likelihood of an occurrence based on pre-existing data
  • Escalation of commitment: increasing the commitment to a decision in spite of negative information
understanding individual differences perception8
Understanding Individual Differences & Perception

So What?

  • Our perceptions in the workplace are biased by our experience, the culture, our education, and socialization
  • We tend to make assumptions and act on our perceptions as if they were objective truth that were obvious to everyone
  • We rarely check the accuracy or validity of our assumptions
  • People make inferences about others and situations without regard to factual information
understanding individual differences perception9
Understanding Individual Differences & Perception

What is personality?

  • Personality is the sum of total ways an individual reacts to and interacts with others
  • Understanding one’s personality can help a manger predict employee behavior
understanding individual differences perception10
Understanding Individual Differences & Perception

We can understand personality through testing

  • Myers Briggs Type Indicator, categorizes individuals into one of sixteen personality types, extroverted vs. introverted, sensing vs. intuitive, thinking vs. feeling, perceiving vs. judging
  • Big Five Model, five basic dimensions underlie all others and explain most of the variation in human personality, extroversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, emotional stability, openness to new experience
understanding individual differences perception11
Understanding Individual Differences & Perception

Why should you take this seriously?

  • There is irrefutable evidence that tests have predictive validity and can help us interpret performance
  • There is a link between personality dimensions and job performance
  • Whether you believe in this or not, many employers do
ad