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GRDG626: Language, Literacy, and Diversity in American Education. Using Linguistic Analysis Dr. Gloria E. Jacobs. Agenda. Sharing Group Discussion Break Minilecture & IPA Instruction Next Week. Sharing. Elliot of RCSD addressing NCTE. Small Group Discussion.

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Grdg626 language literacy and diversity in american education

GRDG626: Language, Literacy, and Diversity in American Education

Using Linguistic Analysis

Dr. Gloria E. Jacobs

Agenda Education

  • Sharing

  • Group Discussion

  • Break

  • Minilecture & IPA Instruction

  • Next Week

Sharing Education

  • Elliot of RCSD addressing NCTE

Small group discussion
Small Group Discussion Education

This week, you choose your groups!

Minilecture linguistic variation
Minilecture: Linguistic Variation Education

  • Accents, dialects, languages – all linguistic variation

  • Levels of variation

    • Regional Association (“regional dialects)

      • Pronunciation (accent)

      • Vocabulary

    • Social Groups (“social dialects”)

      • Grammar

Minilecture linguistic variation1
Minilecture: Linguistic Variation Education

  • The greater the social distance, the greater the variation in language.

    • Most apparent in how verbs are used

      Those with less social power expected to know/understand language of those of higher social power, but not vice versa.

Minilecture linguistic variation2
Minilecture: Linguistic Variation Education

Use These Terms

  • Language variation or linguistic variation

  • Vernacular dialect

  • Standard English(es)

Rather Than These

  • Dialect

  • Nonstandard English

  • Proper English

Language learning and thinking
Language, Learning, and Thinking Education

  • No evidence that linguistic variation interferes with cognitive development or reflects logical thinking (or lack thereof).

Minilecture linguistic variation3
Minilecture: Linguistic Variation Education

  • Standard English(es): A composite of “socially preferred dialects from various parts of the US and other English speaking countries” (Adger, Wolfram, & Christian, 2007, p. 15).

    • Consistent with critical race theory that recognizes the value of the African American experience and how the white experience has been historically privileged.

  • Two views: Deficit versus Difference

    • Consistent with McDermott & Varenne (1997) Culture as Disability perspective.

Minilecture linguistic variation4
Minilecture: Linguistic Variation Education

  • What’s a teacher to do?

    • Develop knowledge and respect for integrity of linguistic varieties (Adger, 2007, p. 26).

    • Make dialect study part of your professional development

    • Teach students to appreciate their linguistic heritage by teaching them how to do dialect study

    • Explicitly teach code switching and audience/purpose for different Englishes

Minilecture linguistic variation5
Minilecture: Linguistic Variation Education

  • Conducting dialect study

    • Involve your students

    • Listen closely and nonjudgmentally to your speech and that of your students

    • Learn the linguistic patterns of the community I which you teach

      • Listen for grammatical patterns

      • Listen for pronunciation patterns

        • Vowel differences tend to mark region

        • Consonant differences tend to mark social class

Minilecture linguistic variation6
Minilecture: Linguistic Variation Education

Is someone who speaks in the vernacular



not socialized into academic or standard Englishes


choosing to use a linguistic variant as an identity and group membership marker

Minilecture linguistic variation7
Minilecture: Linguistic Variation Education

  • Implications for Literacy Instruction

    • miscue analysis/reading instruction

      • The shortcomings of Dibels and similar out of context word lists

    • spelling development

    • grammar instruction

    • writing assessment

    • mis-identification of students for Special Education services

      We should of gone to are grandmother house.

Minilecture ipa phonics chapter
Minilecture - IPA (Phonics Chapter) Education

  • Sound/letter correspondence

  • Vowels and consonants

  • Terms

    • Phoneme: smallest unit of sound that carries meaning.

    • Dipthongs: Two sounds within one phoneme (bike)

    • Digraphs: Two letters to represent one phoneme (that)

    • Blends: Two letters/two phonemes that are smoothed together (bread/bleed)

Practicing the ipa
Practicing the IPA Education

  • Handout

Practicing for the oral language analysis
Practicing for the Oral Language Analysis Education

  • With a partner, analyze your speech

    • Listen to a portion of your recorded conversation then transcribe a few minutes. First capture the words, then relisten and transcribe using IPA.

    • Use Adger et al (2007) and Freeman & Freeman (2004) to help you think about your

      • Pronunciation

      • Grammar patterns

      • Vocabulary choices

    • In casual conversation with close friends, how “standard” do you think your speech is?

    • In classroom or other professional settings, how does your speech change?

Student analysis
Student Analysis Education

  • See syllabus

  • Data to be collected

  • Analysis

  • Implications

Next week
Next Week Education

  • Watch at least 6 "Full Poems" performances from Brave New Voices

  • Compton-Lilly Chapter 10

  • Redd, T.M. & Webb, K.S. (2005). A Teacher’s Introduction to African American English. Urbana, IL: NCTE. Chapters 3 & 4

  • Tatum, A. (2009). Reading for Their Life: (Re)Building the Textual Lineages of African American Males. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann. 1-21.

Examples of spoken word
Examples of Spoken Word Education

  • Hebrew Mamita

  • Taylor Mali - "What Teachers Make"