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Bio-fuels in Clean Power Production & Transport

Bio-fuels in Clean Power Production & Transport. 8th International Seminar (Moscow, 29-30 November 2005) ISTC SAC. Some Possibilities to Stimulate Development of Bioenergy. Irina Zerchaninova, Ivan Kurochka Industrial Development Institute “Informelectro” Alexander Novikov

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Bio-fuels in Clean Power Production & Transport

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  1. Bio-fuels in Clean Power Production & Transport 8th International Seminar (Moscow, 29-30 November 2005) ISTC SAC

  2. Some Possibilities to Stimulate Development of Bioenergy Irina Zerchaninova, Ivan Kurochka Industrial Development Institute “Informelectro” Alexander Novikov International Centre of Educational Systems

  3. Part 1Bioenergy producing/effective use as a unified area of demonstrated technologies

  4. Source of information

  5. Biogas as Fuel for Bus Transportation NO-2003-008 Project Start date:1st December 2001 Date last verified: 29th March 2004 Typeof Project: Result Country: Norway Location: Fredrikstad Kindof starting materials

  6. What does the area consist of ? • Forestry & energy crops • Agricultural waste • Municipal waste • Industrial waste • Landfill gas • Building energy efficiency • Energy distribution • Energy management • High-temperature technologies • Industrial energy efficiency • Transport energy efficiency • Hydrogen production • Advanced technologies • Other technologies

  7. Bradford’s Law of Scattering N1 : N2 : N3 = 1 : q : q2 D1 ≈ D2 ≈ D3 i = 1,2,3 – zones of scattering Ni– number of technological directions in a zone q – Bradford’s multiplier Di – amount of technologies in a zone R(n) – cumulative amount of technologies n = 1, 2,…, N – rank of a direction, starting with the most productive

  8. Core zone • Forestry residue combustion • Biogas from animal wastes & crop residues • Industrial wood waste • Untreated municipal solid waste

  9. Central zone • Other agricultural waste combustion, including straw • Landfill gas for electricity/combined heat & power • Other industrial waste • Sewage sludge/waste water treatment • Forestry & energy crops. Fermentation to produce alcohol • Energy crops combustion • Landfill gas for direct use • Industrial waste anaerobic digestion • Municipal waste. General, other

  10. External zone • Municipal waste. Refuse derived fuel • Forestry & energy crops. Fuel production, harvesting and transportation • Chemical waste • Poultry waste combustion • Industrial waste. General, other • Other technologies (mostly combined use of energy sources) • District heating & cooling • Production of fuel from oil seeds • Forestry & energy crops. General, other • Landfill gas. General, other • Agricultural waste. Gasification • Agricultural waste. General, other • Forestry & energy crops. Gasification • Tires • Space heating, ventilation, air conditioning & space cooling • Co-firing with fossil fuels • Forestry & energy crops. Biogas production • Hospital waste • Municipal waste. Fermentation to produce alcohol • Advanced technologies. General • Building energy efficiency. Industrial boilers & water heating • Energy distribution. General, other • Building energy measurement • Operation & maintenance • Industrial energy efficiency. General, other • Gas vehicles • Hydrogen production. General • Forestry & energy crops. Other advanced conversion technologies

  11. For the area R(n) = αn0,67, 1≤ n ≤ c; R(n) = 138,3loge(n/1,85), n ≥ c; R(n) – cumulative amount of technologies, n – rank of a direction, α – amount of technologies in the leading (first) direction, c – supposed number of directions in the core zone. Lacking technological directions • at least 3 directions in the central zone • about 10 directions in the external zone

  12. Part 2Measures to stimulate the development as viewed from Russia

  13. Bioenergy from peat/forestry residues/agricultural waste in 2005 on the base of equipment installed and being installed within 2001-2005 Electricity: approximately 400 GWh Heat: approximately 1000 Gcal /The Firm VIEN’s data for Russia/

  14. The area as a list of progressing Russian directions 1.Vegetable oil bio-fuels 2. Processing of forest residues 3. Fabrication of pellets 4. Wood engines 5. Biogas plants in agriculture 6. Complex utilisation of household and municipal wastes 7. Utilisation of biodegradable waste for production of energy in industries processing wood, paper, food and textile 8. Combined energy supply of industrial enterprises located in near-rural areas, local communities and autonomous social objects 9. Experimental research, developments and demonstrations of capacities of algae 10. Sapropel and seaweeds for energy 11. Peat as a renewable energy source

  15. TRECKIN - Tradable Renewable Energy Certificates Knowledge and Initiatives Network European countries, US, Japan, Russia, others The establishment of the Network was supported by the Fifth Framework Programme of the European Commission. In 2004 five Russian producers of renewable energy together issued green certificates covered 236 MWh of electrical and heat energy, which were redeemed for use by Belgian, Dutch and Italian energy consumers as though to compensate needs of their offices or household/private consumption needs. The needs were declared as realistic ones.

  16. The Sixth Framework Programme of the European Commission INCO, contract number 012012 Special Support Action Renewable energy certificates as instrument to monitor and stimulate RE development in Russia Started since Sept. 1, 2005

  17. General lines • Identifying related capacities for achievements of Russian scientists • Promotion of international sci-tech cooperation agreements, including demonstration goals • Information, consulting and education for interested Russian enterprises • Wider dissemination of green certificates as an enabling mechanism

  18. Some links http://www.eetic.org IEA energy and environmental demonstrated technologies (1995 – March 2005) http://www.rsci.ru/greentie/eng News, presentationsand offers of Russian companies on clean energy http://www.rsci.ru/greentie(in Russian) News, presentationsand offers of foreign companies on clean energy http://www.treckin.org The TRECKIN Network http://www.recs.org RECS International http://www.eubia.org European Biomass Industry Association

  19. For more information Industrial Development Institute “Informelectro” 105037, Moscow E-37, Russia Irina Zerchaninova Tel: +7-095-1652127 Fax: +7-095-1660818 Email: irina@prominfo.ru or greentie@yandex.ru  Ivan Kurochka Tel: +7-095-1656136 Fax: +7-095-1660818 Email: ipr@prominfo.ru ICES 4, Lubyansky proezd, Moscow 101000, Russia Alexander Novikov Tel: +7-095-9233905 Fax: +7-095-9246852 Email: ices@cea.ru

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