South Africa. John Proctor. Amanda Ross. Language in Education Policy. Paula Smith. Grogan Ullah.
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Language in Education Policy
"In this paper we argue that the Language in Education Policy (LiEP) of 1997, based on the promotion of social equality, justice and empowerment through language parity in the new post-apartheid era, was, to a great extent, rendered ineffective through internal resistance, global neo-liberal forces, and the pressure of global English.“
platform of racism and segregation
with reforming African education system
How did the Apartheid regime use language to maintain power?
How could multilingualism promote equality?
South Africa’s unique position in history.
Policy shift from socialist to neoliberal 1996.
Adam Smith’s right wing economic philosophy.
Surrender of state power to power of market.
Democratic, public institutions dismantled in favor of competitive, private enterprise.
Transfer of wealth from the state (the people) to a small group of investors
Transition government borrows $185 million from IMF.
ANC embraces SAP through GEAR policy.
fiscal discipline, contain inflation, export oriented, liberalize foreign exchange, privatize state assets, suppress trade unions….
How did neoliberal policies contribute to English dominance?
How is English positioned as the dominant language?
How might we understand
the relationship between
English and indigenous
How does the global use of English advance the interests of those vested in the “New Empire”?
Why did the LiEP fail and English emerge as the dominant language in S.A. Education?