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  1. Border Efficiency Research Initiatives American Transportation Research Institute August 16, 2006

  2. ATRI • Research arm of the trucking industry, an independent affiliate of the American Trucking Associations Federation • 501(c)(3) charitable research trust • Governed by 15 member Board • Research agenda developed by Research Advisory Committee (RAC)

  3. Industry Realities • Truck Tonnage/VMTs up 70% from 2002 – 2020 • 82% of Freight Movement & Growing • Average Operating Margin: 3.7% (Q1 2006) • 3.2 Million Class 8 CDL Drivers / Massive Shortage • Border Security Concerns Documented • Border Delays Real & Costly

  4. Industry Realities • Fuel Costly: $3.00 +/gallon • Idling Emissions Concerns Growing • New Issue with HOS/Parking Availability at Borders

  5. Three Border Research Projects • FHWA Freight Performance Measures Initiative • CBP Border Efficiency Assessment • FMCSA Canadian Border Issues

  6. Freight Performance Measures Aka: Travel Time in Freight Significant Corridors • Determination of truck travel time and reliability of truck movements on the national transportation system using communications technology

  7. Freight Performance Measures

  8. Freight Performance Measures

  9. Border Activities • FPM monitoring at 5 northern border crossings • Blaine (Pacific Highway): Blaine, WA • Pembina: Pembina, ND • Ambassador Bridge: Detroit, MI • Peace Bridge: Buffalo, NY • Champlain: Champlain, NY • Development of southern border crossing monitoring system • Non-tractor electronic truck data • Development of truck parking mapping • Eight Case Studies including WA & TX

  10. CBP Border Efficiency Assessment Task 1 • Literature Review and Synthesis • Annotated Bibliography • Comp. Literature Review • Synthesis & Analysis Task 1 Lit Review and Synthesis Task 1 Lit Review and Synthesis Task 1 Lit Review and Synthesis Task 1 Lit Review and Synthesis Task 1 Lit Review and Synthesis Task 1 Lit Review and Synthesis OBJECTIVE: Understand Trends and Control for Effects

  11. CBP Border Efficiency AssessmentTask 2 • Industry Review Committee • Provision of real-time cost data • Representative: TL, LTL, Spec. / Commodities / Staff Resp. • Review, Comment & Calibration Task 1 Lit Review and Synthesis Task 1 Lit Review and Synthesis Task 1 Lit Review and Synthesis Task 1 Lit Review and Synthesis Task 2 Industry Review Committee OBJECTIVE: Industry Data Development & Consensus

  12. CBP Border Efficiency AssessmentTask 3 • Baseline Indicators and MOE Mapping • Targeted Industry Survey • Identify & Quantify Indices • Truck E-Manifest Mapping to Indices Task 1 Lit Review and Synthesis Task 1 Lit Review and Synthesis Task 1 Lit Review and Synthesis Task 3 Baseline Indicators and MOE Mapping OBJECTIVE: Document & Quantify TE-M Impacts on Industry Indices

  13. CBP Border Efficiency AssessmentTask 4 • Truck E-Manifest Conops and Costs • Document & Analyze Industry Tech/Apps/Trends • Map ACE/TE-M to Processes & Systems • Recommend Long-Term Opportunities Task 1 Lit Review and Synthesis Task 1 Lit Review and Synthesis Task 4 Truck E-Manifest Conops and Opps OBJECTIVE: Long-Term Utility & Applicability

  14. CBP Border Efficiency AssessmentTask 5 • Field Testing of MOEs and C-Bs • Identify Appropriate/Rep Carriers • Develop Baseline/ACE Indicators • Collect/Document Field Data Task 1 Lit Review and Synthesis Task 5 Field Validation OBJECTIVE: Field Validation of Task 3 Findings

  15. CBP Border Efficiency AssessmentTask 6 • Economic/Capacity Issues and Truck E-Manifest • Incorporation of Industry Trends • Documentation of Non-ACE Capacity Issues • Management of ACE vs. Non-ACE Issues Task 6 Economic/Capacity Issues and Truck E-Manifest OBJECTIVE: Macro-Analysis of Border Capacity, Trends & Recommendations

  16. Preliminary Findings • Border crossing conops are extremely complex! • Northern border operations differ substantially from southern border; essentially different performance measures/inputs. • POE/Crossing requirements differ by [same] border location. • ACE likely improves backroom efficiencies; additional SCM opportunities not yet realized. ACE efficiency value may be marginalized by infrastructure/labor delays, while security benefits are likely. • ACE connectivity options may favor larger carriers

  17. FMCSA Canadian Issues Study • Beyond Security… • Carrier safety compliance and enforcement continues • U.S. / Canadian Programs differ… • Industry awareness lacking • Consolidation/harmonization opportunities exist

  18. FMCSA Canadian Issues StudyResearch Team • FMCSA • SAIC • ATRI • CVSA • North American Driver Safety Foundation

  19. Project Objectives • Ensure motor carriers with cross-border operations have access to information on the operating requirements of both countries. including CMV safety regulatory variances. • Comprehensive report of historical, current and future planned FMCSA-Canada activities and initiatives. • Identify significant issues that could impact harmonization and reciprocal recognition of programs, policies, regulations and standards between FMCSA and Transport Canada and other Canadian governmental agencies relating to CMV safety. • Assist in evaluating the effect of FMCSA regulatory proposals/policies on Canadian motor carriers operating in the U.S.; understand how regulatory proposals and policy changes effect current FMCSA initiatives and bi-lateral agreements with Transport Canada and other Canadian government organizations (including Departmental agreements).

  20. Border Crossing Initiatives EFM CCMTA ACE FPM FMCSA EFM

  21. Additionally… • MC Efficiency Study (FMCSA) • Industry Standards Initiatives (Industry/TMC) • WCO Initiatives • State Programs & Intra-State Regs • CBP Programs & Plans?

  22. Contact Information • Dan Murray: • 651-641-6162 • Dmurray@trucking.org www.atri-online.org