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Article Review. Gender Difference in Computer Skills. Reference : Shotick, J, & Stephens, P. R. (2006). Gender Inequalities of Self-Efficacy on Task-Specific Computer Applications in Business. Journal of Education for Business. 81(5), 269-274. EDTEC 541 ~ Edward K. Beale. Problem.

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gender difference in computer skills

Article Review

Gender Difference in Computer Skills

Reference: Shotick, J, & Stephens, P. R. (2006). Gender Inequalities of Self-Efficacy on Task-Specific Computer Applications in Business. Journal of Education for Business. 81(5), 269-274.

EDTEC 541 ~ Edward K. Beale

problem
Problem
  • Hypothesis: male and female college students have significantly different opinions of their own skill level regarding various business-related computer tasksWhy should we care?Differences in skill between students affects training development
context
Context
  • 137 college freshmen
    • (69 female, 68 male)
  • Private midwestern college
    • (Bradley University?)
  • Computer use in high school classes:
    • 75% female, 80% male
    • 46% F, 55% M had programming classes
  • All but one had computer(s) at home
context1
Context
  • Given 21 metrics: specific tasks done with computers
    • Email, Chat
    • Word Processing, Spreadsheets
    • Powerpoint, database use
    • FTP, groupware, etc
  • Self-score ability level:
    • 0 = no ability
    • 1 = very low ability  5 = very good ability
  • Averages, then pooled variance t test
results
Results
  • Differences exist!
  • 8 metrics = no significant difference
  • 13 metrics = p<.05
results1
Metrics

Why the difference?

“Communications Functions” (no dif) vs “Technical & Mathematical (dif)

Society’s Gender Schema at work?

Most students (90%) stated they learned skills through self study

Results
recommendations
Recommendations
  • Conduct objective tests!
    • Determine actual skill level
    • Help concentrate on specific training
  • Instructional Designers
    • Realize there is a perceived difference in skills
    • Reasonable to carry results to general population of computer users
    • Deliver training using skills with smallest perceived difference