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Spanish Nouns. Gender and Articles. Feminine Nouns. Feminine Nouns Words that refer to females Most words that end in –a Most words that end in –ci ón, sión, tad, dad, -umbre Examples señora, niña, mujer, madre, estudiante silla, ventana, mesa, pluma

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spanish nouns

Spanish Nouns

Gender and Articles

feminine nouns
Feminine Nouns

Feminine Nouns

  • Words that refer to females
  • Most words that end in –a
  • Most words that end in –ción, sión, tad, dad,

-umbre

Examples

señora, niña, mujer, madre, estudiante

silla, ventana, mesa, pluma

conversación, libertad, costumbre

Exception: mano

masculine nouns
Masculine Nouns

Masculine Nouns

  • Words that refer to males
  • Most words that end in –o
  • Most words that come from Greek that end in –ma,

-pa, and -ta

Examples

señor, niño, padre, hermano, estudiante

perro, carro, cuaderno, libro

drama, mapa, planeta

Exception: día

exceptions to the rule
Feminine Nouns

flor (flower)

luz (light)

pared (wall)

llave (key)

Masculine Nouns

pupitre (desk)

reloj (clock)

árbol (tree)

papel (paper)

lápiz (pencil)

borrador (eraser)

Exceptions to the Rule
articles
Articles
  • Definite articles
    • equivalent to “the”
    • Used when you are talking about a specific noun or group of nouns
  • el (singular masculine) ex. el niño
  • la (singular feminine) ex. la niña
  • los (Plural masculine) ex. los niños
  • las (Plural feminine) ex. las niñas
articles1
Articles
  • Indefinite articles
    • equivalent to “a,” “an,” or “some”
    • Used when you are not talking about a specific noun or group of nouns
  • un (singular masculine) ex. un niño
  • una (singular feminine) ex. una niña
  • unos (plural masculine) ex. unos niños
  • unas (plural feminine) ex. unas niñas
plural nouns
Plural Nouns

Plural articles are used before plural nouns.

Plural articles end in –s.

Plural Definite Articles

los and las

Plural Indefinite Articles

unos and unas

plural nouns1
Plural Nouns
  • If a noun ends with a vowel, add –s
    • Example: el cuaderno – los cuadernos
  • If a noun ends with a consonant, add –es
    • Example: el pizarrón – los pizarrones
  • If a noun ends with “z”, change it to “c” and add –es
    • Example: el lapiz – los lapices
  • If a noun ends with “es” or “is”, it does not change in the plural.
    • Example: el lunes – los lunes