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People in Parliament . And the three levels of Canadian Government . The Queen . Queen Elizabeth II of England . Head of state Role is mainly ceremonial therefore she does not have real power

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People in parliament

People in Parliament

And the three levels of Canadian Government

The queen
The Queen

Queen Elizabeth II of England

  • Head of state

  • Role is mainly ceremonial therefore she does not have real power

  • She is responsible for summoning parliament or provincial legislature to meet, appointing senators and calling elections

The governor general
The Governor General

David Lloyd Johnston

  • The Queen’s representative in Canada at the federal level

  • Performs the Queen’s responsibilities in Canada on behalf of the Queen

  • He is responsible for summoning parliament or provincial legislatures to meet, appointing Senators, calling elections. His role is mainly ceremonial

The prime minister
The Prime Minister

Stephen Harper

  • Leader of a political party with the most seats in the House of Commons

  • Most powerful person in Parliament

  • Recommends to the Governor General the appointment of Senators,

  • the appointment of judges to the Supreme court and determines when

  • elections will be held

The cabinet
The Cabinet

Members of the Parliament selected

by the Prime Minister to be responsible

for an area of Public Policy

Minister of Defence

Peter McKay

Minister of Finance

Hon. Jim Flaherty

House of commons
House of Commons

Contains 308 (elected) Members of Parliament

responsibilities include making laws, raising or lowering taxes and debating issues of public policy


  • Made up of 105 Senators (various legislative or governing bodies) appointed by the Prime Minister

  • Responsible for reviewing laws passed by the House of Commons and representing the regions of Canada


  • An MP who does not hold governmental office

  • They are responsible for relaying the information back to their constitutes

  • They get their names from where they sit in the House of Commons (in the back benches)

Shadow cabinet
Shadow Cabinet

  • Members of the main Opposition party responsible for holding Ministers to account and for developing and disseminating the party's policy positions

  • This person will shadow or mark each individual member of the government

Thomas Mulcair

Official opposition
Official Opposition

  • Official opposition: usually the largest parliamentary opposition party in the House of Commons or a provincial legislative assembly

  • Not in government, either on its own or as part of a governing union

  • This is usually the second-largest party in a legislative house

  • Keeps the government in check

Members of parliament mps
Members of Parliament (MPs)

J. Fantino O. Chow J. Flaherty P. Kent J. McCallum

  • They each represent a single electoral district, or riding

  • They represent voters in the House of Commons

The lieutenant governor of ontario
The Lieutenant-Governor of Ontario

Honourable David C. Onley

  • THE LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR is the representative of Her Majesty The Queen in Ontario.

  • IN HIS CONSTITUTIONAL ROLE, the Lieutenant Governor swears in the Executive Council, opens each session of Parliament and outlines the Government’s plans in the Speech from the Throne, provides the Royal Assent needed for bills to become law, approves Orders-in-Council and appointments recommended by Cabinet, and prorogues or dissolves each session of Parliament.

Onley was a television journalist prior to his viceregal appointment. He worked primarily for Citytv as a science and technology reporter, and for the 24-hour news station CablePulse 24 as a news anchor and host of a weekly technology series

The premier
The Premier

  • Head of government of a province or territory

  • Not the head of state

  • Head of Provincial Legislative and the head of the executive

  • Hold seats in the Legislative Assembly

  • Elected one of the electoral constituencies of the province

  • They represent the provincial interests on the federal level of government

Kathleen Wynne

Premier of Ontario

Members of provincial parliament mpps
Members of Provincial Parliament (MPPs)

M. Chan P. Sherman F. Klees M. Kwinter

  • One member of the provincial parliament (MPP) is elected to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario in each provincial riding in Ontario

  • MPPs represent the views of their constituents in the legislative assembly, and take part in committees and debates on provincial legislation

Municipal governments
Municipal Governments

These consist of two categories:

  • Upper Tier (regions and districts, such as York Region)

  • Lower Tier (cities and towns, such as Markham and Richmond Hill)

Municipal responsibilities
Municipal Responsibilities…

  • water

  • sewage,

  • waste collection

  • public transit

  • land use planning

  • libraries

  • emergency services

  • Police (e.g. YRP, Toronto Police)

  • animal control

  • economic development.

Provincial mock debate
Provincial Mock Debate

  • In groups (Liberal, Conservative, NDP, Green) students will be arguing on a specific topic (Education-Provincial).

  • Arguments will be based on the views of the specific parties

  • 10 minutes to research party stand on the issue

  • Then we will participate in an mock debate in Queen’s Park. Every party will have a chance to speak on the issue (2-3 minutes per group) followed by an open debate where all the parties can converse amongst one


  • NDP:

  • Liberal:

  • Conservative: