“Natives vs. Newcomers”:Immigration and Civil Society Earl F. Mulderink III Associate Professor of History Southern Utah University
“Natives” vs. “Newcomers” Introduction: “Nation of Immigrants” Immigration in American History Broad Migration Patterns Nativism and Federal Control Policy Changes in Twentieth Century Closer to Home How Do We View Immigration?
Nation of Immigrants • One in ten in U.S. are foreign-born • 22% of MLB athletes are foreign-born • Hispanics largest group • Washington County Hispanic population jumped 450% in last 10 years • Consider headlines and “vents” in The Spectrum
Nativism and Federal Control • E Pluribus Unum – “Out of many, one” • Little Federal Regulation Through 1900 • Chinese Exclusion Act, 1882 • “New” Immigrants from Eastern Europe • Growing Nativism • Private Organizations (APA, IRL) • Increased Federal Control by 20th Century
Policy Changes in the Twentieth Century • Quota Acts of 1921 and 1924 • McCarran-Walter Act of 1952 • Immigration Reform Act of 1965 • Refugee Act of 1980 • Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 • Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act, 1996
Above: 2000 Census Data for Washington County Left: Latino workers staged a rally at Utah's Capitol, and dozens of illegal workers were arrested (ABCNEWS.com)
How Do We View Immigration? Internet sites: www.cis.org/cis/ www.ins.gov/ www.census.gov/ www.utah.gov/ Questions? Arrivals at Ellis Island, NY City