Bolivia Allegra Harvey
In 1809, afterthe Chuquisaca Revolution and Laz Paz Revolution, “Government Juntas” wereinstalled. • Juntas are independentgovernmentsmadeduetodevelopmentsoccurring in Spain.
These juntas weredefeatedsoonaftercreation, however, and Spanishruled once more.
Guerrilla warfarebegan, whichmeansthatarmedcivilians use militarytacticsagainst a largerarmy.
Althoughthearmiesweredefeated, theSpanishneverhad complete control of UpperPeru, nowcalledBolivia, again.
Forthenextsevenyears (1810-1817), lots of fightingoccurredagainst “royalists,” butthe guerrillas hadmain control of the country side—this control turnedintozoneswherepatriotismwouldevolveinto a fightforindependence.
The Final Battle • OnApril 1st, 1825, therewas a final battlebetweenGeneral Pedro Antonio de Olañeta and his forces and Simón Bolívar Palacio and Antonio José de SucreAlcalá and his forces.
Sucre’s forces beat Olañeta’s forces, and he was killed by his own men. • Upper Peru, Bolivia, was no longer under the control of the Spanish.
Independence at last! • AnassemblywasgatheredbyBolivar and Sucre in orderto determine thefuture of theregion. • Thedelegatesallagreedthattheywantedittobeanindependentnation—notattachedtoanything. • DeclaredindependenceonAugust 6th, 1825!
Thename: Bolivia • Itusedtobecalled“UpperPeru” • However, because of allthatSimonBolivarddidtohelp Bolivia become free and independent, itchangedto “Bolivia” afterhim.
Bolivian Independence Day! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x22gl-POGR0
TheBolivianFlag • Original Flag: Darkgreen and red, 5 ovalsformedby laurel and treebranches, 5 starsforeachdepartment.
Departments • Therewere 5 original departments: Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Potosí, and Santa Cruz. Others were added later.
CurrentFlag: AdoptedNovember 30th, 1851. • Red for valor, Green forfertility, Yellowfor mineral resources, Coat of armswithcondor.
Bolivia’sNationalAnthem • It was written when Bolivia gained it’s independence in 1825. • It was written by José Ignacio Sangines and composed by BenedettoVincenti. • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FmLvuyozQiA&feature=related
Bolivia wentthrough a lottobecomethenationitisnow, and thefirststeptowardsthiswastogainitsindependencefromSpain.
Works Cited: • http://countrystudies.us/bolivia/8.htm • http://countrystudies.us/bolivia/9.htm • www.google.com • http://www.fotw.net/flags/bo_1825.html • http://www.worldatlas.com/webimage/flags/countrys/samerica/bolivia.htm • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FmLvuyozQiA&feature=related • http://www.boliviafacts.net/bolivia-population.html • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x22gl-POGR0