Download
bolivia n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Bolivia PowerPoint Presentation

Bolivia

185 Views Download Presentation
Download Presentation

Bolivia

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Bolivia Allegra Harvey

  2. How did Bolivia gain independence?

  3. In 1809, afterthe Chuquisaca Revolution and Laz Paz Revolution, “Government Juntas” wereinstalled. • Juntas are independentgovernmentsmadeduetodevelopmentsoccurring in Spain.

  4. These juntas weredefeatedsoonaftercreation, however, and Spanishruled once more.

  5. Guerrilla warfarebegan, whichmeansthatarmedcivilians use militarytacticsagainst a largerarmy.

  6. Althoughthearmiesweredefeated, theSpanishneverhad complete control of UpperPeru, nowcalledBolivia, again.

  7. Forthenextsevenyears (1810-1817), lots of fightingoccurredagainst “royalists,” butthe guerrillas hadmain control of the country side—this control turnedintozoneswherepatriotismwouldevolveinto a fightforindependence.

  8. The Final Battle • OnApril 1st, 1825, therewas a final battlebetweenGeneral Pedro Antonio de Olañeta and his forces and Simón Bolívar Palacio and Antonio José de SucreAlcalá and his forces.

  9. Sucre’s forces beat Olañeta’s forces, and he was killed by his own men. • Upper Peru, Bolivia, was no longer under the control of the Spanish.

  10. Bolivar and Sucre

  11. Independence at last! • AnassemblywasgatheredbyBolivar and Sucre in orderto determine thefuture of theregion. • Thedelegatesallagreedthattheywantedittobeanindependentnation—notattachedtoanything. • DeclaredindependenceonAugust 6th, 1825!

  12. Thename: Bolivia • Itusedtobecalled“UpperPeru” • However, because of allthatSimonBolivarddidtohelp Bolivia become free and independent, itchangedto “Bolivia” afterhim.

  13. Bolivian Independence Day! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x22gl-POGR0

  14. TheBolivianFlag • Original Flag: Darkgreen and red, 5 ovalsformedby laurel and treebranches, 5 starsforeachdepartment.

  15. Departments • Therewere 5 original departments: Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Potosí, and Santa Cruz. Others were added later.

  16. CurrentFlag: AdoptedNovember 30th, 1851. • Red for valor, Green forfertility, Yellowfor mineral resources, Coat of armswithcondor.

  17. Bolivia’sNationalAnthem • It was written when Bolivia gained it’s independence in 1825. • It was written by José Ignacio Sangines and composed by BenedettoVincenti. • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FmLvuyozQiA&feature=related

  18. Bolivia wentthrough a lottobecomethenationitisnow, and thefirststeptowardsthiswastogainitsindependencefromSpain.

  19. Works Cited: • http://countrystudies.us/bolivia/8.htm • http://countrystudies.us/bolivia/9.htm • www.google.com • http://www.fotw.net/flags/bo_1825.html • http://www.worldatlas.com/webimage/flags/countrys/samerica/bolivia.htm • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FmLvuyozQiA&feature=related • http://www.boliviafacts.net/bolivia-population.html • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x22gl-POGR0