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ENGINEERS IN JOINT OPERATIONS

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  1. UNCLASSIFIED ENGINEERS IN JOINT OPERATIONS UNCLASSIFIED

  2. Joint Engineer Functions JTF Engineer Staff Organization / Responsibilities Engineer Support to the Joint Force Commander Service Engineer Capabilities Agenda

  3. Joint Logistics involve seven core capabilities: JP 4-0 Why am I here? • Supply • Maintenance • Deployment & Distribution • Health Services • Engineering • Logistic Services • Operational Contract Support

  4. References JP 3-0, Doctrine for Joint Operations JP 5-0, Doctrine for Joint Operation Planning JP 3-33, Doctrine for JTF HQ JP 3-15, Joint Doctrine for Barriers, Obstacles, and Mine Warfare JP 2-0, Doctrine for Joint Intelligence JP 2-03, Doctrine for Geospatial Intelligence Support JP 4-0, Doctrine for Joint Logistics JP 3-57, Doctrine for Civil-Military Operations JP 3-34, Joint Engineer Operations

  5. JP 3-34 Joint Engineer Functions Joint Engineering Functions are defined in three basic categories: 1. General Engineering 2. Combat Engineering 3. Geospatial Engineering

  6. Engineering & Joint Operations JP 3-34 Engineer Support to the Six Joint Functions: • Protection • Hardening • Field Fortification Support • Command and Control • Monitor ENGR Forces & Assets • Explosive Hazard Coordination • Geospatial Support • Engineer Reconnaissance • Intelligence • Terrain Visualization • Digitized Mapping • Site Surveys • Sustainment • Force Beddown • Base Camp Development • Real Estate Management • Construction and Repair of • Infrastructure • Facilities Operation and • Maintenance • Environmental Considerations • Engineer Reconnaissance • Movement & Maneuver • Combat Roads and Trails • Gap Crossing • Lines of Communication and/ or Main Supply Routes • Intermediate Staging Bases • Barriers and Obstacles • Breaching and Countermine Ops • Engineer Reconnaissance • Fires • Shaping Operations • Obstacle Effects

  7. Engineering Across the JTF Staff J3 Movement & Maneuver LOCs / MSRs Intermediate Staging Bases Barriers / Obstacles Mines/Countermines Protection Bunkers / Hardening Protection Fires Operational Targets J4 Support Force Bed-down & Base Development Real Estate Management Construction / Infrastructure Repair Operation and Maintenance of Facilities Environmental Considerations Form JTF HQ Engineer Functions • J2 • Intelligence • Geospatial • Site surveys • J35/J5 • FUOPS / FUPLANS • Branches / Sequels • Others Critical Coordinating Elements • SJA, CJ8, CMO, Ops Protection Officer, Interagency Representatives, Coalition Engineers, Host Nation

  8. J3 Option J4 Option JFC JFC Staff Staff J3 J4 Engineer Engineer • Regardless of Structure – Recommend Engineers be consolidated under the JTF Engineer and assigned to support other directorates, as needed JP 3-34 JTF Engineer Staff Organization Separate Staff Option (ex. CJ-7) JFC Staff Engineer

  9. JTF Engineer Staff Organization Facilities JP 3-34 JTF Engineer DJTF Engineer Special Functions Operations Plans Environ Logistics Reconstruction JFUB JCMEB JEMB Topography EOD NBC Recovery Fire Protection J3 Current Ops J35 Future Ops J5 Future Plans Operational Planning Teams / Working Groups Explosive Hazards Coord. Cell Design & Construction Real Prop Maintenance Real Estate JCMEB – Joint Civil-Military Engineer Board JFUB – Joint Facility Utilization Board JEMB – Joint Environmental Management Board

  10. PURPOSE: to manage engineer-intensive activities to ensure effective use of limited resources to meet mission requirements to establish policies, procedures, priorities, and oversight ENGINEER BOARDS: Joint Civil-Military Engineer Board (JCMEB) Joint Facilities Utilization Board (JFUB) Joint Environmental Management Board (JEMB) OTHER BOARDS, CENTERS, and CELLS JP 3-34 Establish Joint Engineer Boards

  11. Design / Construction Agents (USACE, NAVFAC) Host Nation Support (HNS) Construction Planning (Funding, Standards, Materials) Real Estate Contracting (LOGCAP/CONCAP/AFCAP) UNHCR Standards / Guides Coalition Forces - Needs and Capabilities DoD Planning Factors Environmental Force Protection Standards Engineer Force Requirements (What, Where, & When?) Engineer Boards Planning Considerations

  12. Title 10 U.S. CODE 2802 - Military Construction (MILCON) 2803 - Emergency Construction 2804 - Contingency Construction 2805 - Unspecified Minor Construction (UMC) 2805(a)(2) - Exercise Related Construction (ERC) 2807 - A / E Services and Design 2808 - War or National Emergency 401 - Humanitarian / Civic Action Department of Defense Appropriations Act 2005, Public Law 108-287 Commanders Emergency Response Funds (CERP) Title 22 U.S. CODE 2292 - Foreign Assistance (All Gov’t Agencies) 2318 - Foreign Assistance (DoD Only) 2870 - United Nations Participation CC Initiative Fund Host Nation and Third Nation Coordinating Issues Construction Funding Key Factors: Purpose? Cost? Location? End-user? When required? The 4 Amigos: JTF Engineer J8 / Comptroller SJA Contracting

  13. Engineering Support Plan (Appendix 6 to Annex D, Logistics) Environmental Considerations (Annex L) Inputs to: Air Base Operability (Appendix 8 to Annex C) Explosive Ordnance Disposal (Appendix 13 to Annex C) Force Protection (Appendix 15 to Annex C) Civil Affairs (Annex G) Geospatial Information and Services (Annex M) JP 3-34 Planning Outputs • Key Insight: • Engineer input is required in many more places than just the engineer annex

  14. Service Engineer Capabilities

  15. Joint Engineer Force Command relationship determined by the JFC Operational Control Joint Engineer Force Army Component Marine Component Air Force Component Navy Component Army Engineers & US Army Corps of Engineers Navy SEABEEs & Naval Facilities Engineering Command Marine Corps Engineers & Navy SEABEEs Air Force RED HORSE & Prime BEEF

  16. US Army Engineers - AC / RC MIX AC 18,832 (23%) ARNG 41,995 (50%) USAR 20,260 (24%) C4*2,347 (03%) TOTAL 83,434 (100%) * C4 Units Are Unresourced and Will Be Deleted From the Force Structure in the Near Future

  17. X Brigade XX Division Cav (Recon) Signal MP/Security Division MP/Security Logistics Signal Chemical Field Artillery Fires Intelligence Engineer Division Troops Chemical Military Police Combined Arms Armed Recon Combined Arms Intelligence Logistics Support MNVR EN Aviation Engineers Mechanized Brigade Armor Brigade Armor Brigade Army Modularity From Division to Brigade-Centric FROM: An Army based around large, powerful, fixed organizations TO: An Army designed around smaller, more self-contained organizations . . . and modular multi-functional Support Brigades Aviation RSTA Fires Sustainment Reconnaissance, Surveillance, and Target Acquisition Maneuver Enhancement A More Ready and Relevant Force

  18. I I I I X X E E STAFF STAFF I I I I I I E I I I I BTB BTB E E E E E E I I E I I E E M M M M M M E E E E E E A A A A R R M M M M M M E E E E E R R R E R EC R M M M M M M E E E E E E R EC R A FC FC Army Engineer Modularity Embedded Capability • Engineer units that are organic to Brigade Combat Teams • Provides minimum level of most critical / most frequently required engineer capabilities • Must have augmentation for full spectrum operations Baseline Forces • Combines engineer C2 with a baseline of engineer capabilities to augment BCT shortfalls and support other UEx requirements • Receives -- and depends upon -- modules from force pool for mission specific capabilities Engineer Effects Modules I I I I I I SAPPER MOB AUG VERTICAL CLEARANCE HORIZONTAL EN SUPPORT Mission Module Forces • Primarily provides engineer effects modules required to respond to specific missions • Organization is modular from squad to company • -- Maximum commonality of design • -- Fixed organizations with discrete sets of capabilities • -- Scalable robustness A - Active R - NG/USAR EC - Equip Contract FC - Full Contract • Mix of A / R / EC / FC depends on: • Frequency required • Integration required with other forces • Where it occurs on battlefield and when • Theater-specific conditions

  19. AREA RTE Combat Effects Battalion

  20. Construction Effects Battalion

  21. Engineer mission module forces will be comprised of highly specialized engineer capabilities that will be required by baseline forces to execute missions Mission module forces will support virtually all of the engineer missions at the theater level In garrison, the mission modular forces will also contain a battalion HQ that will be responsible for the training readiness and deployment preparation of these modules Engineer Modules

  22. Engineer Baseline and Mission Modules will generally fall under the C2 of an Engineer Battalion HQ Engineer battle command is a modular system that will separate functions into two types of HQ: Engineer Commands (ENCOM) and Engineer Brigades ENCOM and Brigade HQs provide command and control over all engineer forces in the force pool that are not supporting a combatant commander for an operation ENCOMs generally work at the theater level; Engineer Brigades can work at the operational or theater level Modular C2

  23. US Navy Engineers ActiveReserve • Naval Construction Division 1 0 • Naval Construction Regiment 3 4 • Seabee Readiness Groups 2 0 • Naval Mobile Construction Battalion9 12 • Construction Battalion Maintenance Unit 0 2 • Underwater Construction Team 2 0 • Amphibious Construction Battalion 2 0

  24. Naval Construction Division (1 AC) Command and control Deliberate planning Identify operational requirements Seabee SME Naval Construction Regiment (3 AC/4 RC) Command and control elements Seabee Readiness Group (2 AC) Military and technical training for NCF units Naval Mobile Construction Battalion (9 AC/12 RC) Forward Operating Base / camp construction Defensive positions, tower, bunker, and entry control point construction Main Supply Route construction/maintenance Bridge construction Airfield construction Ammo supply point construction Enemy Prisoner of War camp construction Utilities construction/maintenance (electrical, plumbing, heating, air conditioning) Water well drilling Rapid runway/airfield damage repair Disaster recovery operations Building construction Seabee Engineer Capabilities Construction Battalion Maintenance Unit (2 RC) • Fleet hospital set-up / operation / maintenance • Forward Operating Base & camp operation/maintenance/limited construction Underwater Construction Team (2 AC) • Construction and installation of fleet moorings • Pier/wharf damage assessment / repair • Underwater pipeline inspection / repair • Underwater blasting/obstacle clearing • Underwater cable laying • Bathymetric surveying Amphibious Construction Battalion(2 AC) • Over the shore logistics

  25. Commanding Officer Executive Officer S1 S2 S3 S4 S6 S7 Special Staff Including Marine Advisor Alfa Co. Bravo Co. Charlie Co. HQ Co. (Utilities) (Vertical) (Admin and Logistics) (Horizontal) NMCB Organization Command Master Chief MANNING Officers 21 Enlisted 560

  26. Employment Configuration USMC and Joint Support Naval Shore Support

  27. Combat Engineering Land Mine Clearing Emplacing Mines Breaching Seabees can improve the breach, but do not specialize in this Specialized Demolition Limitations

  28. US Air Force Military Engineers Active 14,366 Air National Guard 8,041 Air Force Reserve 4,043 TOTAL * 26,450 Does Not Include EOD, and NBC forces * Some engineers have in place missions (remotes, joint, instructors, classified missions, etc.)

  29. Air Force General Engineering Capabilities AIR FORCE Prime BEEF (Prime Base Engineer Emergency Force) Tailored Packages (UTC s – Unit Type Codes) to include: Force beddown Operation and maintenance of Air Force facilities, infrastructure, and installations Aircraft rescue and aircraft/facility fire suppression Emergency repair of air bases to include rapid runway, airfields, and utility repairs Rendering safe and disposal of explosive ordnance RED HORSE (Rapid Engineer Deployable Heavy Operational Repair Squadron Engr) Provides a dedicated, flexible airfield and base heavy construction and repair capability along with base denial Seven Squadrons (full capability ~404 personnel)

  30. Prime BEEF / RED HORSE Employment • USA • USMC • SOF GENERATE THE MISSION ESTABLISH THE AIRBASE COMMAND & CONTROL OPEN THE AIRBASE OPERATE THE AIRBASE BASE ASSESSMENT / OPENING AIRFIELD TAKEDOWN FORCE BUILD-UP COMBAT OPERATIONS / SUSTAINMENT Airborne RED HORSE Conventional RED HORSE or Prime BEEF

  31. Air Force Prime BEEF Employment 200 Airmen Military deploys Military trains in garrison/ deploys for war…not used for post/base sustainment 200 Airmen 200 Soldiers 200 Sailors Total Force = 600 Total Force = 600 Total Force = 400 Army Air Force Navy Civilian/Contractor mix used for post sustainment Civilian/Contractor mix used for base sustainment Military/Civilian/Contractor mix used for base sustainment 200 Civ/Ktr 400 Civ/Ktr 400 Civ/Ktr

  32. RED HORSE Employment 404 Person unit modularized in build blocks - 9 Personnel UTCs - 24 Equipment UTCs Operate in Hub and Spoke configuration at multiple sites

  33. RH Command Relationships • RED HORSE manpower • 202 JET Airmen (RFF) • ~202 AFCENT Tasked • CENTCOM FRAGO moved 202 RH from ITO to ATO • FRAGO stated RH OPCON/ADCON to AFCENT and Direct Support to USFOR-A • DEPORD gives USFOR-A TACON of RH 1 ERHG HQ Al Udeid AB AFCENT/9 AETF 809 ERHS ATO 557 ERHS ITO ~ 36 JET Airmen ~ 20 AFCENT Tasked USFOR-A MNC – I TF FORAGER 30 NCR 194 EN BDE OPCON/ADCON/TACON ~ 184 JET Airmen ~ 150 AFCENT Tasked ~ 184 JET Airmen AF Exercises OPCON/ADCON Army Exercises TACON ATO Sites ITO SITES AF in Direct Support

  34. UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO Operational Planning Installation Engineering FOB z FOB x FOB y FOB z EPBS Eng. Section A Eng. Section B Eng. Section C Eng. Section xyz EPBG Intent & Desired Effect • USFOR-A Engineer: operational vision, plans, and priorities with EPBG bottom-up engineering data to develop a Strategic Basing Plan, ensure engineering priorities always reflect theater campaign priorities, and maximize effectiveness of ATO-wide engineering resources • EPBG provides execution of Installation Engineering mission. • Regional Command Engineers: coordinate integration of operational vision, plans, and priorities with EPBS recommended infrastructure priorities to implement Strategic Basing Plans • EPBS leverages AF Installation Engineering expertise, tactics, techniques, and procedures to most effectively execute USFOR-A and Regional Command priorities. • The Battle Space Owner and/or Base (or Maneuver) Commander: Base Stewart providing vision, prioritization, and advocacy for the Base Master Plan • Engineering Sections will spoke as prioritized by USFOR-A and Regional Commands to develop Base Master Plans, Site Surveys, Construction Management , and execute Light Construction USFOR-A EPBG RC(X) FOB A (or TF) FOB B (or TF) FOB C (or TF) 34

  35. UNCLASSIFIED/FOUO Dwyer Leatherneck 577 EPBG, Bagram 877 EPBS, Mazar E Sharif (Hub) 877 EPBS – Kunduz Feyzabad Kunduz Sheberghan 877 EPBS – Meymaneh Mazar I Sharif Deh Dadi 577 EPBS, Bagram (Hub) Maimana Baghlan 877 EPBS – Spann/Deh Dadi Bari Kowt Bagram Naray 577 EPBS – Shank Blessing Qala I Naw Bamyan Asadabad 577 EPBS – Fenty Kabul Herat Chaghcharan Shank 577 EPBS – Ghazni Jalalabad 777 EPBS -- Shindand Gardez Band-E Ghazni Salerno Salerno Shindand 577 EPBS – Salerno Zormat Baghran 777 EPBS -- Spin Boldack Sharana Lwara Orgun-E Oruzgan 777 EPBS -- Leatherneck Lwara Tarin Kowt Deh Chopan Farah Shkin Musa Qalah Shkin Frontenac Qalat Wolverine 777 EPBS -- Wolverine Ghecko Kandahar 777 EPBS -- Ramrod Ramrod Spin Buldak 777 EPBS, Kandahar (Hub) Rhino LZ 777 EPBS -- Dwyer UNCLASSIFIED/FOUO Jacobabad

  36. 732 EPBS-I Org Chart 332 AEW AFCENT A7 732 AEG AFFOR A7 732 EPBS/DO 732 EPBS/DL 732 EPBS EN BDE 732 EPBS/CEM 732 EPBS/CCF EPBCF (JBB) Supported Spoke(s) LNO EPBEF (JBB) FET Marez FET Al Asad FET Victory FET Kalsu FET Adder EPBCF-N (JBB) EPBCF-S (VBC) Supported Spoke(s) LNO Supported Spoke(s) LNO Supported Spoke(s) LNO Supported Spoke(s) LNO Supported Spoke(s) LNO AF Army DS 180 Personnel AD/OP/TACON A7 FUNCTIONAL

  37. “Prime BEEF” Benefits • Execute USF-I/USFOR-A and Theater Engineer Brigade priorities • Provide installation engineering expertise to AABs • Integration of new USF-I/USFOR-A priorities • Flexibility • Grow & shrink with demand • Extensive reachback network • Single AF commander to manage efficiency & drive learning/ improvement Responsible, Flexible, Efficient

  38. Questions

  39. Combat Engineer Battalion (CEB) Mobility (Breaching) / Survivability Support Limited General Engineering Limited Water Production / Power Generation Engineer Support Battalion(ESB) Performs general engineering tasks/bridging Heavy horizontal capability; limited vertical capability Can execute explosive ordnance disposal; general supply support (handling, storing, and distributing bulk water and class III) 3 Active Battalions/1 Reserve Battalion Marine Wing Support Squadron (MWSS) Contains some organic engineer capability Expeditionary airfield construction, rapid runway repair Limited vertical capability, water purification, refrigeration Marine Corps Engineering Capabilities

  40. Engineers in the MAGTAF Command Element MAGTF Engineer Aviation Combat Element Naval Construction Force Ground Combat Element Logistics Combat Element (as required) Combat Engineer Battalion Marine Wing Support Group Engineer Support Battalion (MWSS Engineering Capability Location)

  41. Infantry Regiment Infantry Regiment Infantry Regiment Engineers in the Marine Division (GCE) Marine Division (Rein) (1103 / 18215 87 / 850) Artillery Regiment Combat Engineer Battalion Headquarters Battalion 1st & 3rd Light Armored Recon Bn Tank Battalion Assault Amphibian Battalion 1st Recon Battalion Engineering Capability

  42. 4K FORKS 2 EBFLS 5 TRAMS 10 CRANES 1 ABV(FY09) 8 ACE 16 JAB (FY11) 6 D7G 5 MC1150 8 BACKHOE 16 GRADERS 2 DUMPS 18 SCRAPER 0 MICLIC 36 3 KW 63 10 KW 10 30 KW 42 60 KW 6 100 KW 2 SHOWER 0 LAUNDRY 0 R2C SET 3 ADR KIT 0 SWEEPER 0 H20 TRK 0 HYDRO SD 0 SIXCON 20/7 ROWPU 4 Marine Combat Engineer Bn Combat Engineer Bn (43 /823 2 /25) Headquarters and Service Company (16/127 2/25) Engineer Support Company (7/251) Combat Engineer Company X 3 (5/109) Mobility Assault Company (5/118) MISSION: Enhance the mobility, counter-mobility, and survivability of the MARDIV through close combat engineer support and limited general engineering

  43. Marine Aircraft Group Marine Aircraft Group Marine Aircraft Group Marine Aircraft Group Engineers in the Marine Air Wing (ACE) Marine Aircraft Wing (1650/12688) Engineering Capability Location Marine Wing Headquarters Squadron Marine Aerial Refueler Transport Sqdn Marine Air Control Group Marine Wing Support Group Unmanned Aerial Vehicle

  44. Marine Air Wing Support Squadron Engineering Capability Squadron Headquarters HS Company AF Ops Company Mt Ops Company Eng Ops Company (5/134) 4K FORKS 6 EBFLS 9 TRAMS 9 CRANES 4 RTCH 1 TAFDS 2 HERS 5 D7G 3 MC1150 4 BACKHOE 2 GRADERS 2 DUMPS 6 SCRAPER 2 ROLLER 2 3 KW 6 10 KW 10 30 KW 10 60 KW 6 100 KW 6 SHOWER 5 LAUNDRY 3 ADR KIT 2 SWEEPER 2 H20 TRK 1 HYDRO SD 1 SIXCON 15/16 ROWPU 2 R2C SET 1 MISSION: 1) Provides limited combat and general engineering support to designated components of the Wing, 2) Receive, store, and dispense aviation and ground fuels from various types of expeditionary fuel systems

  45. Engineer Support to Marine Logistics Group (LCE) Marine Logistics Group (307 / 7368 117 / 672) Direct Support Combat Logistics Regiment DS CLB DS CLB General Support Combat Logistics Regiment DS CLB Task Organize MEU CLB Combat Logistics Regiment (X7/ FWD) MEU CLB Engineer Support Battalion MEU CLB Dental Battalion Engineering Capability Location

  46. 4K FORKS 5 EBFLS 10 TRAMS 11 CRANES 6 AAFS 5 ROLLER 4 R2C SET 3 D7G 22 MC1150 12 BACKHOE 5 GRADERS 8 DUMPS 38 SCRAPER 9 3 KW 35 10 KW 70 30 KW 55 60 KW 35 100 KW 3 SHOWER 15 LAUNDRY 10 MICLIC 12 ACE 5 BEB 21 MGB 6 IRB 3 ERS 4 ADR KIT 1 SWEEPER 0 H20 TRK 3 HYDRO SD 6 SIXCON 75/30 ROWPU 14 Marine Engineer Support Battalion Engineer Support Battalion (55/1538 3/20) Headquarters And Service Co (21/254 3/20) Engineer Support Company (9/500) Engineer Co X 3 (5/136) Bridge Company (4/86) Bulk Fuel Company (6/290) MISSION: Provide combat engineering and limited general engineering, bulk liquid, and utility support to the MAGTF

  47. Target Students: Senior Company Grade and Junior Field Grade Engineer officers Concept: Understand and be able to integrate engineer capabilities across the spectrum of planning and operations to ensure support of the Joint Force Commander’s engineer requirements and accomplishment of the Joint mission. End State Competencies: Describe Joint Operations, Joint Warfare and the Joint Planning System. Describe, comprehend, apply Joint Engineer Doctrine. Describe, comprehend, apply Joint Engineer Planning using scenarios, historical examples, case studies, practical exercises. Describe, comprehend Service Engineer Capabilities and Support Requirements. Describe, comprehend and apply the strengths, effects, and basic doctrinal employment concepts of Service Engineers. Describe, comprehend, apply employment principles for using Service engineer capabilities to support Joint and Service Engineer requirements. Joint Engineer Officers Course (JEOC)

  48. ENGINEERING QUESTIONS? Lt Col Philip Hicks Joint Engineer Trainer USJFCOM, J3/4 Engineering Division 757 836-5212/DSN 836-5212 philip.hicks@jfcom.mil philip.hicks@hq.jfcom.smil.mil

  49. US Chain of Command PRESIDENT SECRETARY OF DEFENSE COMMAND CHAIRMAN, JOINT CHIEFS OF STAFF --------------------- VICE CHAIRMAN COORDINATION CENTCOM EUCOM SOUTHCOM PACOM NORTHCOM GEOGRAPHICAL COMBATANT COMMANDS AFRICOM TRANSCOM SOCOM STRATCOM JFCOM FUNCTIONAL COMBATANT COMMANDS