Warm up-Happy Friday!. 3 REWARDS OF FRIENDSHIP… SELECT WHICH FITS THE SCENAIOR BEST. Stimulation Value Utility Value Ego-Support Value ___________ Lanae chose Bianca to be her best friend because Bianca is always trying to help her reach her goals
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Warm up-Happy Friday! 3 REWARDS OF FRIENDSHIP… SELECT WHICH FITS THE SCENAIOR BEST. Stimulation Value Utility Value Ego-Support Value • ___________ Lanae chose Bianca to be her best friend because Bianca is always trying to help her reach her goals • ___________ Bethany loves that her best friend Quinn is always taking her places she has never been before. Last week they went to Spain! • ____________ Everett values his friendship with Tre because Tre is always there to offer support when life falls apart.
Quick Write- Agree/Disagree • “It takes people very little time to make judgments about one another.”
Impression • Certain characteristics are input, impression is the automatic outcome • Vary from individual to individual • Lead to different expectations and interactions
The New Student • Roxanne is a new student in our psychology class. She is VERY talkative, outspoken, and upbeat. • Frankie perceives her as outgoing. • Lexie perceives her as annoying. • Brad perceives her has fun. • Same characteristic being shown and input, impressions formed vary.
Impressions • Nonverbal communication • Body language • Facial expression
First Impressions • Based on physical appearance • PRIMACY EFFECT- Opinions based on first impressions are more powerful than later interactions
Self-fulfilling Prophecy • Way you act towards an individual changes depending on your impression of them
First impressions are IMPORTANT! • First date • Job Interview
First Impressions • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3ECqP9KMqtI • What type of first impression do you get from the two men in the video? • Would you want to hire them?
SCHEMA • Really.. This word.. AGAIN?! • Schema is… • So social schema must be…
SCHEMA • Help place individuals into categories • Essentially judgements about the traits people have
Stereotype • Schema for an entire group • Woman are so…. • Men are so…..
Attribution Theory • How we interpret and understand other people’s behavior • Internal (dispositional) • External (situational) • Leads to… error!
Fundamental attribution error • Attribute others behavior to internal causes • Don’t focus on situational factors which are contributing
More error… • Typically- we focus on INTERNAL to explain others, yet EXTERNAL for ourselves • Actor observer bias: • I am yelling at my children because they are out of control! • She is yelling at her children because she is an angry, terrible mother!
And a little more… • Self-serving bias • Victory- personal responsibilities! • Defeat- external circumstances!