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Haitian Revolution By: Will Ezzelle, Christina Major, Ryan Mickey, Cassie Miller, Jon Vang, Peng Xiong
Timeline • 1791- Ceremony at Bois Caiman and the beginning of the slave revolt • 1802- Napoleon sends expedition led by Leclerc to reclaim Haiti • 1804- Haiti declared independent • 1806- Dessalines is assassinated
Timeline Cont… • 1825- Haiti pays a indemnity to France for recognition of independence
Slavery • French master were extremely cruel to their slaves • French master would have children with their slaves giving rise to the mulattos class • Many slaves were tortured to death
Bois Caiman • Voodoo ceremony that sparked the Haitian Revolution • Presided over by Dutty Boukman a vodoo hungan • Held on August 14, 1791
Toussaint Louverture • Born on may 20th 1743 • Died April 8th 1803 • Leader in the Haitian Revolution • First Leader of free Haiti
Jean-Jacques Dessalines • Leader of independent Haiti • A cruel tyrant • Assassinated in 1806 • After slaves were freed in revolution Dessalines brought back forms of slavery
Dessalines Cont… • Tied Haitian peasants to land • Expelled white French plantation owners • Tried to settle differences between blacks and mulattos • Christophe was Dessalines head military leader. Christophe later became king of northern Haiti.
Voodoo • Voodoo is a combination of the native African religions imported by the slaves • Voodoo was important to the Haitian slaves because it could describe • Voodoo gave Haitians ideas of freedom through the Bois Caiman ceremony
Effects of The Revolution • The Haitian Revolution left Haiti in poverty since the slaves were fighting wars there was no work done many of the large specialized farms were broken up into smaller plots of land • Deep racial tensions were left in Haiti • The white from the Haitian flag
Effects Cont… • The Church was attacked by radical Haitians. • Haiti was farther put into debt by borrowing heavily from other nations • Haitian politics have remained violent and unstable