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UNECA. UNECA AND NATURAL RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA. Workshop on the Teaching, Research and Policy Design of Natural Resources and Economic Development 12-16 July Dar- es -salaam, Tanzania. Regional Integration, Infrastructure and Trade Division (RITD). UNECA. SADC MEMBER STATES.

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UNECA

UNECA AND NATURAL RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA

Workshop on the Teaching, Research and Policy Design of Natural Resources and Economic Development

12-16 July

Dar-es-salaam, Tanzania

Regional Integration, Infrastructure and Trade Division (RITD)

slide2
UNECA

SADC MEMBER STATES

BACKGROUND

  • ECA’s Mandate
  • One of five regional commissions established by the General Assembly
  • Part of Secretariat and reports to GA through ECOSOC and Conf of Ministers
  • Established to:
    • support Africa’s economic and social development of member State;
    • foster regional integration, and
    • promote international cooperation for Africa’s development.

DC

Tanzania

Malawi

Angola

Mozambique

Zambia

Zimbabwe

Namibia

Madagascar

Botswana

Swaziland

Lesotho

Mauritius

South Africa

ECA - RITD

slide3
UNECA

SADC MEMBER STATES

BACKGROUND

  • Modalities of work
  • Policy Research, analysis and advocacy
    • Analytical research is central to work of ECA. Basis for reform and advancement
    • Outcomes support advocacy on key development challenges
  • Building Partnerships and Consensus
    • helps build consensus and common African positions to engage int’l community
    • Based on convening power of senior African policy makers and counterparts

DC

Tanzania

Malawi

Angola

Mozambique

Zambia

Zimbabwe

Namibia

Madagascar

Botswana

Swaziland

Lesotho

Mauritius

South Africa

ECA - RITD

slide4
UNECA

SADC MEMBER STATES

BACKGROUND

  • Technical assistance to build capacity
  • Helps build policy design and implementation capacity through:
    • regional advisory services,
    • training workshops and seminars, and
    • fellowship and internships programmes for visiting scholars and researchers.
  • Uses both core analytical staff and experts.
  • ECA works at global, but mainly regional and subregional levels with AU, RECs, UN, Int’l orgs, pvt and public sectors, NGOs, CBOs, etc

DC

Tanzania

Malawi

Angola

Mozambique

Zambia

Zimbabwe

Namibia

Madagascar

Botswana

Swaziland

Lesotho

Mauritius

South Africa

ECA - RITD

slide5
EVOLUTION OF PROGRAMME ON NATURAL RESOURCES

UNECA

SADC MEMBER STATES

  • Historically driven by existing challenges
  • Colonial construct of export mining created enclave African mineral economies producing raw materials for an industrialising Europe
  • Africa’s mineral economies suffered from:
    • inadequate info on mineral endowment
    • lack of capacity (skills, technology, capital)
    • lack of value creation, and
    • insufficient economic linkages

DC

Tanzania

Malawi

Angola

Mozambique

Zambia

Zimbabwe

Namibia

Madagascar

Botswana

Swaziland

Lesotho

Mauritius

South Africa

ECA - RITD

slide6
EVOLUTION OF PROGRAMME ON NATURAL RESOURCES

UNECA

SADC MEMBER STATES

  • ECA worked with OAU to create the Lagos Plan of Action which advocated:
    • increased natural resources exploration
    • integrating natural resources in Africa’s socio-economic development
    • pooling resources to boost capacities for development
    • harmonising national laws to create a cooperative approach
  • ECA also created intergov mineral dev institutions eg SEAMIC, African Remote Sensing Centre, to support Africa’s devlopment etc

DC

Tanzania

Malawi

Angola

Mozambique

Zambia

Zimbabwe

Namibia

Madagascar

Botswana

Swaziland

Lesotho

Mauritius

South Africa

ECA - RITD

slide7
EVOLUTION OF PROGRAMME ON NATURAL RESOURCES

UNECA

SADC MEMBER STATES

  • In last 10 years, similar imperatives have been drivers of ECA programme of work
  • Examples include:
    • Cluster studies on Mozambique, South Africa and Tanzania to explore depth of economic linkages
    • building capacities through training workshops, and sharing best practice
    • Encouraging member States to share mineral development through regional cooperation and integration
    • Building consensus at highest levels

DC

Tanzania

Malawi

Angola

Mozambique

Zambia

Zimbabwe

Namibia

Madagascar

Botswana

Swaziland

Lesotho

Mauritius

South Africa

ECA - RITD

slide8
UNECA

SADC MEMBER STATES

COMPARISON OF NMPs TO SADC POLICY FRAMEWORK

DC

Tanzania

Malawi

Angola

Mozambique

Zambia

Zimbabwe

Namibia

Madagascar

Botswana

Swaziland

Lesotho

Mauritius

South Africa

ECA - Southern Africa Office

slide9
UNECA

SADC MEMBER STATES

COMPARISON OF NMPs TO SADC POLICY FRAMEWORK

DC

Tanzania

Malawi

Angola

Mozambique

Zambia

Zimbabwe

Namibia

Madagascar

Botswana

Swaziland

Lesotho

Mauritius

South Africa

ECA - Southern Africa Office

slide10
UNECA

SADC MEMBER STATES

COMPARISON OF NMPs TO SADC POLICY FRAMEWORK

DC

Tanzania

Malawi

Angola

Mozambique

Zambia

Zimbabwe

Namibia

Madagascar

Botswana

Swaziland

Lesotho

Mauritius

South Africa

ECA - Southern Africa Office

slide11
UNECA

SADC MEMBER STATES

DC

Tanzania

Malawi

Angola

Mozambique

Zambia

Zimbabwe

Namibia

Madagascar

Botswana

Swaziland

Lesotho

Mauritius

South Africa

ECA - Southern Africa Office

slide12
CURRENT WORK AND THE AMV

UNECA

SADC MEMBER STATES

  • What has changed in Africa’s mineral sector from colonial times and now?
  • Ownership of mineral rights has not changed, ownership of mining assets has
  • Africa’s challenges have remained the same as observed in the LPA, despite the boom in commodity prices and the current super cycle.
  • In Feb 2007, the BIG TABLE concerned by missed development opportunities created the ISG.
  • Mandate of ISG was to explore how Africa’s mineral abundance can contribute to sustainable broad based socio economic development

DC

Tanzania

Malawi

Angola

Mozambique

Zambia

Zimbabwe

Namibia

Madagascar

Botswana

Swaziland

Lesotho

Mauritius

South Africa

ECA - RITD

slide13
CURRENT WORK AND THE AMV

UNECA

SADC MEMBER STATES

  • In 2008, a task force comprising: AUC, ECA, AMP, AfDB, UNCTAD, and UNIDO and RECs drafted the AMV
  • The AMV and outcome of the Big Table were endorsed by the 1st AU Conf of Ministers of Mining, who adopted Addis Dec. AMV was adopted by the AU Summit in 2009
  • The AMV is expected to form the basis for mineral development in Africa. Has already been adopted by CSD 18 as the basis for SD in Africa.
  • It is also expected to be incorporated into the EU- Africa Joint Strategy work later in 2010

DC

Tanzania

Malawi

Angola

Mozambique

Zambia

Zimbabwe

Namibia

Madagascar

Botswana

Swaziland

Lesotho

Mauritius

South Africa

ECA - RITD

slide14
CURRENT WORK AND THE AMV

UNECA

SADC MEMBER STATES

  • Africa Mining Vision : seeks a “Transparent, equitable and optimal exploitation of mineral resources to underpin broad-based sustainable growth and socio-economic development”
  • Transform finite NR capital and transient wealth into lasting forms wealth beyond mining
  • Based on a developmental, knowledge-driven and integrated mining sector with downstream, upstream and side stream linkages
  • In which resource rents are invested into economic and social infrastructure, environmental stewardship and stakeholders are empowered to participate as partners
  • In short a resource industrialization strategy!

DC

Tanzania

Malawi

Angola

Mozambique

Zambia

Zimbabwe

Namibia

Madagascar

Botswana

Swaziland

Lesotho

Mauritius

South Africa

ECA - RITD

slide16
UNECA

SADC MEMBER STATES

THE ISG FRAMEWORK REPORT

  • UNECA has been working with the AUC and other stakeholders to implement the AMV
  • The first phase of the project (2 yrs) has involved generating the knowledge base required to construct development oriented future mineral regimes.
  • Based on key concerns, major elements required to construct a strategic policy framework consistent with the AMV has been developed as a Framework Report.

DC

Tanzania

Malawi

Angola

Mozambique

Zambia

Zimbabwe

Namibia

Madagascar

Botswana

Swaziland

Lesotho

Mauritius

South Africa

ECA - Southern Africa Office

slide17
UNECA

SADC MEMBER STATES

THE ISG FRAMEWORK REPORT

  • The main themes covered in the report are:
  • A detailed review of historical features that hobble African mining & the search for new directions
  • The Mining sector in the context of broad econ & social development objectives
  • Enhancing retained value by promoting economic linkages, local content and infrastructure development
  • Improving the viability of artisanal and small scale mining

DC

Tanzania

Malawi

Angola

Mozambique

Zambia

Zimbabwe

Namibia

Madagascar

Botswana

Swaziland

Lesotho

Mauritius

South Africa

ECA - RITD

slide18
UNECA

SADC MEMBER STATES

THE ISG FRAMEWORK REPORT

  • Obtaining an adequate share of mineral rent while utilizing mineral revenue efficiently
  • Investing in prudent environmental and social stewardship
  • Improving Public Participation and accountability
  • Pursuing an integrated view of rights of various stakeholders
  • Strengthening institutions & building capacity;
  • Investing in regional co-operation and harmonization to share development capacities

DC

Tanzania

Malawi

Angola

Mozambique

Zambia

Zimbabwe

Namibia

Madagascar

Botswana

Swaziland

Lesotho

Mauritius

South Africa

ECA - RITD

slide19
UNECA

SADC MEMBER STATES

THE ISG FRAMEWORK REPORT

  • The Framework Report has been reviewed by two stakeholder meetings in West Africa, and Eastern and Southern Africa
  • A final stakeholder review meeting is planned for Addis Ababa in September 2010
  • To be followed by a Ministerial Meeting and a launch in October 2010
  • During the period 2011-1212, the report will be used to improve mineral regimes, construct tool kits and guidelines on specific themes on phase two of the project

DC

Tanzania

Malawi

Angola

Mozambique

Zambia

Zimbabwe

Namibia

Madagascar

Botswana

Swaziland

Lesotho

Mauritius

South Africa

ECA - RITD

slide20
UNECA

SADC MEMBER STATES

OTHER CURRENT WORK

  • Harmonization of mining policy work is continuing esp in SADC and ECOWAS regions,
  • Much of this is based on notion of a rolling multi year multi partner approach with RECs as key coordinators; work based on AMV
  • ECA interventions focus still on key regional development challenges eg security framework for SADC region, assessing impact of global recession on SADC mining sector, etc
  • and improving capacities eg planning a contract negotiation short course with IDEP

DC

Tanzania

Malawi

Angola

Mozambique

Zambia

Zimbabwe

Namibia

Madagascar

Botswana

Swaziland

Lesotho

Mauritius

South Africa

ECA - RITD

slide21
UNECA

IMPACT OF THE GLOBAL FINANCIAL CRISIS AND RECESSION ON THE SADC MINING SECTOR

SADC MINING MINISTERS MEETING

10-12 November, 2009

Kinshasa

Democratic Republic of Congo

ECA-Southern Africa Office

slide22
UNECA

SADC MEMBER STATES

WHAT IS BEING DONE DIFFERENT?

  • The ISG brought together very eminent natural resource practitioners
  • A lot of analytical work has been generated but challenge lies in improving implementation.
  • The AUC to take over leadership of ISG implementation phase of AMV through RECs
  • RECs have adopted the AMV and are part of the programme.
  • Approach of one REC multi year multi partner programme pools resources
  • And increased “ownership” should improve implementation rates!

DC

Tanzania

Malawi

Angola

Mozambique

Zambia

Zimbabwe

Namibia

Madagascar

Botswana

Swaziland

Lesotho

Mauritius

South Africa

ECA - RITD

slide23
UNECA

THANK YOU !

United Nations Economic Commission for AfricaRITDP.O. Box 3001 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Tel.: +251-11-544 3281

E-mail: [email protected]: www.uneca.org

ECA - RITD

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